George Holcomb’s Diary

[Editor’s Note: I cannot do this page justice. Way back before I offered to tend the site, I found on these pages that Old Widow Sackett had died. Phebe (Davis) Sackett was the first ancestor I ever wanted to research — way back at 12 years old. The diary also brought to light that Phebe and her husband Benjamin aren’t my ancestors after all. But it is to the memory of discovery that I dedicate this page. — Jeanette]

Introduction by Tina Ordone

George Holcomb was a farmer, born on February 13, 1791 in Stephentown. He was the son of Beriah and Lucretia Pease Holcomb. George was a prolific writer, keeping a diary of many volumes, starting in 1805 and ending three months before his death on May 12, 1856. His diary is truly a history of Stephentown and its residents. It vividly describes the way lives were led in those days, the hardships, the illnesses and the many deaths, including those in his own family.

For several years, The Eastwick Press has printed portions of George Holcomb’s diary in each of it’s weekly issues. They are small snippets, transcribed by Betty McClave and edited in summary text by Alex Brooks, editor of The Press. Tina started to subscribe to the Press when the diaries were already well into the 1820’s, obviously having missed several years of George’s youth. However, what she had, she shared here.

Please keep in mind, that even this transcription doesn’t come close to what George himself wrote. The Press has edited the transcription by Mrs. McClave. We do have, a great sense, though, of life and the people who lived it during George Holcomb’s lifetime. What a shame that someone didn’t pick up where he left off and keep writing.

There are some comments in () and these comments are those of The Press. The installments are in chronological order, but not day by day, and at times skipping months.

Now, grab a cup of coffee, settle back and look for names of your ancestors. If they were in Stephentown, it is likely that George knew them and mentioned them in his diary.

10 Jun 1805 Samuel Humphrey died
18 Jun 1805 Mildred Holcomb is 18 yrs old
3 Jul 1805 Betsy Spring had a s/.
18 Jul 1805 Abner Bull’s wife died
25 Jul 1805 Grandfather Holcomb died, funeral next day
27 Jul 1805 William Sheldon died
30 Jul 1805 Sylvester Holcomb is 21 yrs old
8 Sep 1805 William Wylie died
13 Sep 1805 Martha Jones’s child died
14 Sep 1805 Mr. Sanford’s wife died & Grace Green had a baby
7 Oct 1805 Eleanor Holcomb is 17 yrs old
9 Nov 1805 William Holcomb is 12 yrs old
16 Nov 1805 Mrs. Non died
9 Dec 1805 Mrs. Jane Humphrey died
19 Jan 1806 Deacon Carr’s 2nd wife died in the meetinghouse
22 Jan 1806 Philander Holcomb is 3 yrs old
14 Mar 1806 Eleazer Grant died
18 Mar 1806 Reuben Delano had a dau
3 Apr 1806 Caleb Chapman had a dau
6 Apr 1806 Eli Douglas’ wife died
22 Apr 1806 Mr. Foley had a son born
2 Jun 1806 Lucretia Wylie is 26 yrs old
17 Jul 1806 Nancy _____ died
26 Jul 1806 Platt Gardner died
3 Aug 1806 Gardner died
28 Aug 1806 Lucretia Wylie moved to Boonville
28 Aug 1806 Simon Wylie had a s/born
11 Nov 1806 Dr. Jolls died
13 Nov 1806 Deborah Wylie had a dau
8 Jan 1807 Mr. Shepard had a s/born
22 Feb 1807 Beriah Holcomb is 8 yrs old
13 Mar 1807 Mr. Doty died
15 Mar 1807 Went to Mr. Younglove’s funeral
11 Jul 1807 At night watched Capt. Dellanoes’ corpse
15 Aug 1807 At night watched with Mr. Tory’s baby to Mr. Friends
18 Aug 1807 At night watched with Mr. Tory’s babies
13 Sep 1807 Mr. Judge John Tryon died
1 Feb 1808 Joseph Hills died (young son)
17 Mar 1808 Hannah Douglas died, funeral on 19th at Baptist Meeting House, Mr. Younglove preached
26 May 1808 Mrs. Niles died, funeral the next day at Baptist meeting house
__ May 1808 Lucretia Clark died
27 Jun 1808 J. Thompson had a s/born
21 Oct 1808 Betsey Clark died
31 Jan 1808 Mr. M. Jackson m/ Lucretia Gillett
11 Feb 1808 Mrs. Deborah Wylie m/ Reubin Morton
15 Feb 1808 Caleb Chapman m/ Betsy Nugeon
21 Feb 1808 Reuben Delanoes moved to Rome
22 Mar 1808 Sylvanus Carpenter lives in Delanoes house now
25 Mar 1808 B. F. Bull moved into Sylvanus Carpenter’s house
21 May 1808 Mrs. Sprague was buried, funeral was at Hancock Meeting House
26 May 1808 Squire William Douglas Jr.’s son William died (a child)
12 Jun 1808 Wife of deceased Asa Douglas (Rebecka) died
27 Oct 1808 Caleb Chapman’s son Zach had a son born
7 Nov 1809 Mr. Laner’s wife died
4 Jan 1810 Eleasar Grant died
5 Jan 1810 John Borman’s third wife died
7 Jun 1810 Ephraim Parses (?) wife died
17 Jul 1810 Reuben Chapman ran away because he had a child, said to him by Lovela Green, on the 5th of this month
24 Sep 1810 Mr. Ira Squire m/ Miss Lucy Frink
1 Nov 1810 Mr. Lyman Spring m/ Miss Nancy Frink
9 Nov 1810 William Holcomb is 17 yrs old
21 Nov 1810 John Wylie, Jr. had a son born today (Henry Platt Wylie)
3 Dec 1810 Caleb Goodrich m/ Miss Hannah Wylie
17 Dec 1810 Harry Doolittle m/ Miss Thankful Packing & Mr. Case m/ Miss Betsey Morrow
18 Dec 1810 Mr. Sanford’s 2nd wife died
22 Feb 1811 Mr. Miller Jackson’s son Frederick & a daughter both died within 1 hour
23 Feb 1811 Samuel Youdal’s Mother died, an aged person
28 Feb 1811 Caleb Chapman moved to a few miles from Rome, NY
1 Mar 1811 Ezekiel Shelden died at 4 o’c. They had watchers for the corpse. Avra Jones was killed by a log he sawed that rolled on him.
3 Mar 1811 Ezekiel Shelden’s funeral at Baptist meetinghouse, Elder Hull preached
25 Apr 1811 Reuben Andrews m/ Cleo Moffitt
22 May 1811 Rensselaer Main died, he now lived in Canaan, the funeral was the next day & was held at the Baptist meetinghouse in Stephentown, preached by Elder Northrop
13 Jun 1811 George Holcomb was 20
4 Jul 1811 Widow Goodrich died, mother of Elijah & Rier Goodrich, she died in a fit, an aged woman
6 Jul 1811 Nancy & Lyman Springs had a daughter
15 Jul 1811 Mr. Stanton had a daughter born
18 Jul 1811 Heard the son of Mr. Clothier was run over by a run away horse, and wagon. Went to Elijah Goodrich’s to see the boy
20 Aug 1811 Mr. Perkins died by drinking cold water
25 Aug 1811 Mrs. Belinda Vars died, the dau of Uncle Michael Holcomb
26 Aug 1811 Mr. Von died, the father of David and Titus Von (probably Vaughn)
7 Dec 1811 Mr. Plumb, the goldsmith, died in Canaan
25 Dec 1811 Andrew Stevenson m/ Miss Lamphier
29 Dec 1811 Squire Wm. Douglas died, father of Benjamin & Em & Elie & others. Funeral attended at the Baptist meetinghouse with a concourse of people and a sermon delivered by Elder Hull, on the 31st.
16 Jan 1812 Mr. Amos Broad m/ Miss Elisabeth Egleston
18 Jan 1812 Wm. Dixon m/ Ascaneth Humphrey
26 Jan 1812 Went to Mr. Gates. His daughter, the widow Hubbard, hung herself on the 24th in her father’s garrett. There was a concourse of people at the funeral.
11 Feb 1812 Mr. Conklin died (John H.)
29 Feb 1812 Mr. Wing was found dead, supposedly murdered by one Convis, both of Berkshire County
8 Mar 1812 Old widow Woodward died
13 Jun 1812 George Holcomb is 21 yrs old & he now works for father on shares
15 Jun 1812 Eunice Bennett died, consumption (Hancock)
14 Jul 1812 Col. Steward’s wife died
18 Jul 1812 Henry Stanton’s dau was buried, was 1 yr old
31 Jul 1812 Sylvester Holcomb is 28 yrs old
9 Jan 1814 Went to Lebanon meetinghouse to funeral of Mr. Patterson, went to the grave, it was a Masonic funeral
23 Jan 1814 Wm. Dixon family moved away and they left to go westward the next day
9 Feb 1814 Elijah Grant m/ Sally Moffitt
14 Feb 1814 Joshua Maxon’s son died
2 Mar 1814 Harrison is brother-in-law to Isaac Newton
9 Mar 1814 Ira Squires moved westward
12 May 1814 Jane Russell m/ Thomas Carpenter
13 Jun 1814 Went to funeral of old Mr. Manson that died last night to the house of Isaac Newton. Funeral at Solomon Carpenters & Elder (Nicholas) Northrop preached
10 Jul 1814 Helped bury an infant child of Mr. Richard Campbell
21 Jul 1814 Watched with corpse of Richard Campbell’s wife. She died about 2 this aft. Russell Andrews and Susan Humphrey watched with me
4 Aug 1814 Betsey (Camel) Douglas m/ Doc (Behah) Douglas
17 Aug 1814 Old Widow Dudley died
21 Sep 1814 Isaacas Rowley (Canaan) died
7 Dec 1814 Tisdale Baker died of a severe illness & George Holcomb helped bury him next day. The funeral adjourned on account of the priests not attending
28 Dec 1814 This morning at 45 min past 4 Cousin Samuel Holcomb died in Canaan to his father Squires. Today I walked to Nassau to inform his parents of his death
29 Dec 1814 Myself & part of Father’s family went to Canaan to accompany up the deceased to my father’s house. Before we started Mr. Clark, Doc of Divinity, made a prayer. Eight or ten connections accompanied & stayed at our house
30 Dec 1814 Funeral was attended with a concourse of people to father’s house & a sermon preached by Elder Beaman (Baptist)
28 Jan 1815 Sylvester Carpenter m/ Susan Humphrey at the house of John Russell
5 Feb 1815 Grandmother Abigail Holcomb died, 94 yrs old, funeral on the 7th
27 Feb 1815 Mr. Hand died (gravestone says he died 1 Mar, age 30)
7 May 1815 Isaac Newton lived with Solomon Goodrich
16 May 1815 Dexter Brown lives in Solomon Carpenter’s house
22 Jul 1815 Henry Hull m/ Louise Douglass
23 Jul 1815 Reuben Chapman m/ Nancy Gibson
4 Nov 1815 Rendered an account to Mr. Sammey that m/ Widow Conklin
20 Apr 1816 Today Mother Holcomb is 72 yrs old
21 May 1816 Britain Chase kicked by horse & died the next day
11 Jul 1816 Funeral of Daniel Maccaster in Hancock meetinghouse, Elder Leland preached
28 Jul 1816 Eli Hatch of New Canaan m/ Esther Haskell of Stephentown
8 Aug 1816 Elisha Bennett m/ Betsey Chapman by Elder Beman
13 Oct 1816 Mr. Phineas Lamb died in a fit
29 Oct 1816 Aunt Potter lived in Fort Edward
2 Nov 1816 Today Joseph Sheldon was buried, Elder Hill preached. I have not heard which day he died.
6 Nov 1816 Sylvester Holcomb married Betsey Hastings
16 Mar 1817 Funeral of Miss Patchin, age 9, at the home of Mr. Nathan Patchin
30 Mar 1817 Funeral of Harriet Hall at Presbyterian Lebanon, wife of Philander Hall
27 Apr 1817 Isaac Newton lives on Black River
2 Jul 1817 Roger Sweet’s funeral at Baptist meetinghouse, he was 40
18 Jul 1817 Took his “nigger John” when changing works
3 Aug 1817 Went to funeral of Old Mr. (Tolman) Chase attended by a Quaker priest in the Baptist meetinghouse
9 Sep 1817 Sylvester Holcomb’s oldest boy was born
23 Sep 1817 Old Mrs. Mary Russell died at 6 a.m., George Holcomb and 3 others watched with her that night. Funeral was the next day at Presbyterian meetinghouse (age 70)
1 Oct 1817 Funeral for Sally Graves, wife of Dr. Elijah Graves & dau of Hosey Moffitt. (26 yrs old)
5 Oct 1817 Wm. Chapman m/ Olive Bills
15 Oct 1817 Wife of Old Capt. Josiah Humphrey died
18 Oct 1817 Miss Russell Tanner died, funeral next day at Baptist meetinghouse
16 Nov 1817 Elder Bemans baptized Miss Patty Remmington
20 Dec 1817 Squire Powell Gardner died instantly in his chair. Funeral on the 22nd at Baptist meetinghouse
27 Dec 1817 Engaged Rev. Churchill to come & marry brother William Holcomb Miss Barnard
28 Dec 1817 Brother William Holcomb m/ Julia Barnard
19 Jan 1818 John Tyron died after a short illness. Funeral on 22nd, prayer at his home then a sermon at the meetinghouse. George Holcomb was a bearer to the grave. Bearers all invited back to the house for refreshments.
8 Mar 1818 Went to Uriah Goodrich’s, his son is on the point of death. He was taken the 6th speechless, blind & deaf. I stayed until after 12 to behold the boy in all the agonies of death. He died about 2 hours later. Took Lydia & Lucinda to see the corpse. Funeral was on the 10th at his home, Elderly Saturlay preached.
27 Mar 1818 William Holbrook & I moved “part of his wife’s furniture from her father’s house to our house
28 Mar 1818 Ezekiel Main died (aged 27, son of Anna & Stephen)
22 Apr 1818 Funeral of Cousin Josiah Egleston’s girl, about 2-1/2 yrs, she died with fits
2 May 1818 Funeral of Stephen Main’s wife
2 Jun 1818 Funeral of Henry, s/cousin Jesse Egleston, about 6 yrs old, had the falling sickness fits. (epilepsy?) He died 31 May, Elder Beman preached
14 Aug 1818 Samuel Post died about 2 a.m., funeral the next day. Mr. Younglove the Presbyterian preached
28 Aug 1818 Funeral of Old Mr. Joseph Sanford. George Holcomb was a bearer, Elder Otis preached
29 Aug 1818 Dr. Elijah Graves m/ Miss Rachel Platt (his 2nd marriage)
30 Aug 1818 John Humphrey m/ Miss Miranda Bemon
24 Sep 1818 Funeral of Cousin Josiah Holcomb, Gregory preached. He died 22 morning
25 Sep 1818 William Holcomb was gone 16 days moving Sylvester Holcomb to Sullivan
5 Oct 1818 Sylvester Holcomb sold his farm & effects and returned to Stephentown. He claimed the country unhealthy but George Holcomb thinks he was homesick
13 Oct 1818 John Runnels, a Quaker, funeral
14 Oct 1818 Funeral of Old Mrs. Munroe, widow of Noah Munroe
30 Oct 1818 Clark moved into William Holcomb’s house to go halves with him on blacksmithing
8 Jan 1819 Eli Townsend m/ Harriet Carpenter
17 Jan 1819 Robert Stanton m/ Betsey Stanton
21 Jan 1819 Ebenezer Flavel Booge m/ Sefrona Griggs
25 Feb 1819 Hiram Brown m/ Polly Chapman
10 Mar 1819 Lavinia Lord died, had only been taken 24 hours, lived next door to Bigelow’s Tavern, funeral on the 12th at Presbyterian meetinghouse, Mr. Churchill preached
11 Mar 1819 Sylvester Holcomb had a daughter born today (2nd child)
12 Mar 1819 William Chapman had a son born today
15 Apr 1819 George Holcomb married Lucinda Wylie
15 May 1819 Brother William Holcomb’s dau Lucretia born
16 May 1819 Mr. Gorton of Hancock was buried; Lansing Sheldon died at 6 o’c, s/deceased Capt. Wm. Sheldon
24 May 1819 Sister Newton & husband (Isaac) moved in Joseph Hills house near Capt. B. Sackett’s. I put her on a bed (she is very ill) and drove slowly.
5 Jun 1819 Mr. Rose, in the north part of town, was killed instantly with the fall of a tree, funeral was the 6th, he was buried by the Masonic Order; Mr. Leach m/ (DeGrass) Pardee
13 Jun 1819 Doc Evert of New Lebanon buried a dau
20 Jun 1819 Deacon Doty had a daughter baptized at the Baptists
27 Jul 1819 Sylvester Holcomb moved to the westward
25 Aug 1819 James Rodgers hanged himself in his orchard. A jury of 24 said it was self murder. Funeral on the 26th. (He had been dead 24 hours when found)
20 Sep 1819 Joseph Cole’s funeral. He was drowned in Samuel Udell mill pond fishing
21 Oct 1819 Dr. Dwight Wright m/ Polly Platt, he of New Lebanon & she of Stephentown
11 Nov 1819 Francis Buten m/ Amanda Russell at her father’s by Elder Matthew Jones
26 Dec 1819 John Rodgers was found dead in bed
10 Jan 1820 Richard Campbell died with a short illness at Albany
5 Feb 1820 Green Worden m/ Cousin Louisa Egleston by Elder Jones
21 Feb 1820 Widow Adams was buried. She died the 18th, funeral held at her house by Elder Northrop. She is the mother of James.
21 May 1820 Wrote a letter to Brother Beriah Holcomb at Brutus, NY
11 Jun 1820 Five of Simeon Wylie’s children were sprinkled at the Baptist Church. Elder Coa officiated & the eldest of Henry Platt Jr., too
16 Jun 1820 Francis Bute had a son born
2 Jul 1820 Funeral of wife of Squire Martins, Elder Trumbull preached
24 Aug 1820 Funeral for Dr. Graves 18 mo old child at Presbyterian meetinghouse. Rev. Hunter preached
17 Sep 1820 Mr. Perkins that lives in Squire Wm. Douglas’s house buried a child
23 Sep 1820 Old Mrs. Carpenter died, mother of Thomas, Joseph, Sylvanus & others. Funeral was the next day at meetinghouse near Benj. Carpenter’s. Elder Satterley preached (Sarah, age 88)
11 Nov 1820 Gideon Hall was buried
14 Nov 1820 Caleb Gardner, one of the overseers of the poor in Stephentown returned the name of Barnum Clark. (to have his name deleted as per his being hired by Wm. Holcomb)
19 Nov 1820 Mr. Green m/ Mariah Perry some time ago
22 Nov 1820 Isacher Rowley’s dau Louisa died very sudden of the colic. Funeral the next day at her father’s house. Mr. Churchill preached.
24 Nov 1820 John Conklin, deceased, is father of Betsey. She m/ John Conklin & they live in Hillsdale
24 Jan 1821 William Holcomb’s 2nd child born, a dau
9 Feb 1821 Funeral of Robert Fairbanks who died very suddenly, Mr. Churchill preached
11 Feb 1821 Benedict Woodward lived in West Stephentown
3 Mar 1821 Simeon Vary’s wife (Polly) died after a long consumptive sickness. The funeral was the following day at their house, Elder Northrop preached
10 Mar 1821 Charles Mosley’s son died, aged 1-1/2. He was scalded or burned with an iron & then had the measles. The funeral was the next day at the Presbyterian meetinghouse & Mr. Hunter preached
27 Mar 1821 Elderly Jonathan Owens died & wife (Abigail) of Claudius Moffitt died (age 26)
28 Mar 1821 7:45 a.m. daughter born. A friend and Dr. Elijah Graves attended my wife. (Charlotte E. Holcomb)
2 Apr 1821 Abner Bull Jr’s wife died very sudden. She was put to bed a few hours before. Myself & 3 others carried the coffin up to Bull’s in a very hard snow storm. The funeral was on the 4th. Went to the house & helped carry the corpse on a bier by hand to the Presbyterian meetinghouse. Mr. Moses Hunter preached.
10 Apr 1821 Mr. Rice of New Lebanon died
16 May 1821 Squire Davis of New Lebanon was buried
2 Jun 1821 James Harrington’s eldest son shot dead (age 10) by Elic Brown’s son (age 17). Brown’s son committed to jail on the 6th
13 Jun 1821 Today I am 30 years old
15 Jul 1821 Jeremiah Jolls 2 dau were baptized at Elder Jones meetinghouse
6 Aug 1821 Isaacher Rowley died. Funeral the next aft at his home in New Lebanon. Moses Hunter preached
15 Aug 1821 Wm. Gray has a brother Abner
26 Aug 1821 John Gardner’s son John’s funeral. He died in Albany with a fever taken on his way to Balston Spa. Elder Hull preached & about 100 people attended
__ Sep 1821 Mr. Marks of New Lebanon died
__ Sep 1821 Mr. Howard of Stephentown died
12 Oct 1821 Palmer Tanner died
6 Nov 1821 Amos Chapman buried a stillborn child
12 Nov 1821 Infare wedding of Isaac Humphrey and Dana Greenfield at Mother Springs. They were married yesterday at Solomon Carpenter’s by Elder Jones
19 Nov 1821 Sally Crandall died at Simeon Baker’s. She was maintained by the Town
28 Nov 1821 Had a real fist fight with Joshua Crocker when I tried to collect rent. He went home with head swolled & ache and he anointed it with vinegar. I solomley swear I never raised a hand against him, only to defend myself.
30 Nov 1821 Swore in court on assault & battery at Griggs Inn. Again fought—Crocker the aggressor. Court fined Crocker 7 dollars. Crocker counter suited and lost
13 Dec 1821 Squire Wm. Douglas died, funeral on 15th at Baptist meetinghouse. Sermon preached by Moses Hunter & Elder Jones addressed the mourners and made prayers. He made a prayer before the corpse was removed from home to the meetinghouse, a large concourse attended the funeral but a very severe cold day
3 Jan 1822 Samuel Holcomb m/ Verona Howard & they started on a journey westward
9 May 1822 Jacob Coles’s son is named Milo
9 Jun 1822 Orra Howard died, he was son of Squire Nathan Howard
11 Jul 1822 Nathan Tyler’s wife was buried today, funeral at Baptist meetinghouse (Rachael)
17 Jul 1822 Funeral of Jared Harrington’s child
20 Jul 1822 Heard of Lucy Ann Post’s death. Used to live here and move to Lenox. Funeral today. She died with a relapse of dysentery
30 Aug 1822 Francis Bute had a dau born
12 Sep 1822 Jesse Egleston buried a dau of 18 today
26 Sep 1822 Dr. Stephen Hall buried. Died yesterday of the quick Consumption. Evergreens Cemetery
12 Oct 1822 Isaac Humphrey had a dau born
27 Oct 1822 Wm. Clark’s dau Delia (who m/ Charles Kellogg 23 Sept 1818 by Silas Churchill) died age 21 (buried Evergreens)
29 Oct 1822 Went to Lebanon to Henry Hull’s wife’s funeral. She died yesterday with the consumption. (Lois, dau of Benj. and Lois Douglass, 1796-1822, age 27 yrs, 9 mths, buried in Stephentown Cemetery)
30 Nov 1822 Funeral for Old Mr. Wheelock, father-in-law of Elijah Douglas (father of Betsey Wheelock Douglass)
16 Dec 1822 Mr. Palmer’s wife died, a few minutes after talking. The cause no one knows.
26 Dec 1822 Sylvester Holcomb is living in Lebanon, NY and came for a visit. He plans to move to Stephentown next spring. Returned to Lebanon, NY on the 31st.
12 Jan 1823 Elisha Gilbert died last night and we heard the Lebanon Bell toll for him. Ezekiel Knapp died, both of New Lebanon
19 Jan 1823 Funeral for Old Mr. Allen, son-in-law of Elder Mathew Jones
26 Jan 1823 Edwin Platt m/ Lucy Douglass and Asa Goodrich m/ Betsey Chapman, both of Hancock
20 Feb 1823 Noah Harrison m/ Susan Morey by Sq. John Bull and quite a large collection
27 Feb 1823 Today Wm. Holcomb’s first son was born
12 Mar 1823 Betsey, wife of Dr. Wm. Douglass, dau of Sq. Wm. Douglass, died after a long and painful consumption. Funeral on the 14th at the Baptist meetinghouse. Mr. Moses Hunter preached. (Buried at Stephentown Cemetery)
24 Mar 1823 Sylvester Holcomb moved to Stephentown from Westward
4 May 1823 Took covered wagon to Hancock meetinghouse to funeral of Old Mr. Foster. Elder Hull preached
23 May 1823 John Tilden died, s/Elem Tilden of New Lebanon
28 May 1823 Reuben King of Lebanon was found dead in the street, supposed to have died in a fit. Masonic funeral on the 29th
29 May 1823 Priest Churchill’s wife died and lay a corpse while Reuben King’s funeral was attended to by Priest Clark. Her funeral is the 30th.
13 Jun 1823 This day I am 32 years of age
10 Jul 1823 Nathaniel Rose died
12 Jul 1823 I rode over for Dr. Graves and betwixt 9 and 10 o’clock I had a dau born. (3 weeks ago they were bleeding his wife because she had pleurisy)
12 Jul 1823 Elisha Morton m/Widow Sheldon, Elamson’s wife
15 Jul 1823 Gillette Goodrich’s wife died, after a long sickness. Funeral on the 16th at her home. Elder Leland preached (Patty)
13 Sep 1823 Wife of Benjamin Douglas died (Lois McKay, age 59)
18 Sep 1823 Benjamin Douglas’ dau Apalona died in P’fld, m/ (Austin) Stowell only a few months ago (age 21) and funeral was today in Elder Jones meetinghouse
27 Sep 1823 An Irishman was m/ sometime ago to Lucy Bennett
24 Dec 1823 Edwin Platt’s wife died. Died 10 o’c this forenoon. Funeral on the 26th at Baptist meetinghouse, Moses Hunter preached (Lucy Douglass Platt, age 18, d/ Eli Douglas)
11 Jan 1824 Benjamin Douglass m/ Widow Wood
17 Jan 1824 Sylvester Holcomb’s wife had a stillborn baby. Newton & I buried the child.


Winter – Illness in the family. At the end of the last installment, Holcomb’s second daughter Lucinda was dangerously ill.

January 20, 1824 Monday – Doctor Graves came and concluded the complaint was in my child’s head and there was no cure. Last night said Right gave nine portions of Markery (mercury) injections and draughts and today said Graves draws blisters ointing the head with salt. This afternoon brother Wm took my sorrel mare and cutter and rode to Richmond after Dr. Merryman to come and see my child. He agreed to come tomorrow. This evening I borrowed John Wylie’s cutter and went after widow Lucy Rowley to watch, but she could not come and I stopped and got the widow Earlebel Campbell to come and watch.
Tuesday: Today said Dr. Merryman came and met said Dr. Graves to my house and gave Dr. Graves directions on how to doctor the child. Said Merryman told us that the disease was on the lungs and the child was getting better and with careful doctoring the child is a prospect of getting better. Tonight I took the cutter and carried the widow Campbell home and got the widow Rowley to come and watch with my child.

Wednesday: This morning I took the cutter and carried the widow Rowley home and today I walked on to what is called West Hill and engaged one Hannah Campbell to come to our house on trial to live.

Tonight I took the cutter and fetched Mrs. Salley Russel here to watch with my child. Thursday: Today we drew wood from my farm, and tonight Sally Green watched with my child.

Sunday: Today I took the cutter and carried Mother over to Brother Sylvester a spell and took dinner. Sister Betsey continues very dangerous sick. At night I went down to Mr. Morey’s after his daughter Susan Harrison to come tonight to nurse my child, but she could not come for her child is unwell.
I got Mr. Danford’s single wagon and rode to Lebanon to Mr. Wadams to see Mrs. Wheeler to get her to come and work for us, but she could not come, at present.
Monday: This morning I took the double wagon and carried a grist of four bushels of rye to H.Platt’s mill and left it to be ground. I called to Dr. Graves and had him, come over to my wife, for she has quite a fever. I went up to AsaGoodrich’s and got Miss Lucy
Hadsil to come and help us, and this afternoon I went after our grists. I called up to Samuel Holcomb’s and told him
he must come and settle with Wm and myself, for I wanted my pay. He agreed to come and settle.
Tuesday: We ground up a new ax, and then we went over into my swamp and made a bridge over the brook on what is called the beaver meadow.
Wednesday: Tonight Miss Lucy Haddsill left us and returned to said Goodriches, She charges 31 cents. I did not pay her.
Thursday: Today I got Mr. Danford’s wagon and went to Lebanon. I called down to the wagon maker Wadoms to see the Wheeler woman about coming to come to work for us. She agreed to come Sunday next. I called to Mr. Gay’s and told him to sell Wm’s cutter if he can get thirty dollars in cash. This evening I walked down and Julia Morey came and watched with my wife and child.
January 30, Friday: We drew and piled logs in my swamp. Tonight I tended to the watching with my wife and child. My wife is a getting better. Her sore mouth and throat is growing better and the child is all better.
Saturday: This morning Mrs. Moulton went home. She has been here a week to nurse my child, for my wife has not milk enough, being sick.


Father Dies

Tuesday, March 2, 1824: We chopped saw logs rail timber and wood in my swamp and drew out. Tonight Father is quite distressed and we are awake with him a good part of the night.

Wednesday: This morning I walked over after Doctor Graves and he came and bled Father, and he was some easy, and he bled my wife. This afternoon I loaded up a load of cider and apples for market.

Thursday: Today I went to Troy. I carried three barrels and a quarter of cider and sold it for four dollars and 82 cents, and about ten bushels of apples. Tonight I stayed to a private house on the hill. Just before I got into the city to one Mr. Merchant’s. My expenses for lodging and horse stable and tea, twice I gave three pecks of apples, price 38 cents.

Friday: This morning I finished selling out my load—I got home about ten o’clock and I found Father very sick, and Wm had got Doctor Right and bled father about eleven this evening. .
Tonight Mr. John Russell (pictured left) and Rowland Danford watched. Father fell on his breast on to a chair pummel last night and bruised him very much. Tonight I took but a little rest.

Saturday: Today Uncle Josiah Holcomb came to see father and Cousin Jesse Eggleston’s wife and his mother, all on account of Father’s being so very sick. Today Dr. Graves called twice and a number of the neighbors came in. He is in great distress by turns. Mr. Newton and wife came here to see father and she stayed all night. Tonight Mr. Ephraim Pierce and Joshua Phillips watched.

Sunday: Today I tended up on Father. He is not in so much distress, only by spells.

Monday: I tended to Father. I sent 12 cents to H. Platt’s store and got it in gin for father.

(Wednesday and Thursday continued much the same, with Holcomb doing not much but tending to his father, his father’s condition much the same but growing weaker, and new people coming to watch with him each night.)

Thursday: This morning the old widow Buten was found dead in her bed, funeral on the 12th at Presbyterian meetinghouse attended by Priest Hunter. Today I tended to father. He is thought dangerous.

Friday: Today the funeral of the widow Buten was attended at the Presbyterian meeting house by Priest Hunter. I could not attend for taking care of Father. Tonight Father was in great distress part of the night. Deacon Pierce prayed with us tonight.

Saturday: Today I tended to taking care of Father. He continues growing weaker and appetite fails. Today Deacon Hunter came and prayed with Father and tonight Mr. Amos Chapman and Brother Wm watched, and Wm thought Father was dying far few moments and then revived but in great pain.

(On Sunday his father was puking and having spells of “lying drowsy.”)

Monday, March 15, 1824 – We do discover this morning about three hours before light that Father is struck with death. He continues puking blood by spells and in great distress and some of the time he grew so weak that he could not raise the blood, and it is thought that he choked to death and expired betwixt eight and nine o’clock and underwent a great many hard struggles, through the pangs of death he had his senses it was supposed, until his last moments and to appearance while his last agonies that he was deaf and blind and died with uplifted hands to Heaven and such a scene I never but once before could reach to the bottom of my heart. He cautions us while on his death bed prepare yourselves children for death before it is too late.

It is the request of my father for months past and likewise while on his death bed to be buried in the Masonic order and to have an Episcopalian preach his funeral sermon. He chose Mr. Humphrey, the settled minister of Lanesborough, Mass., and I found a horse today and got my wife’s cousin Isaac Humphrey to go after said minister and to call to Mr. Stodder Williams and go with him to the preacher and engage him. Said Williams likewise did, and then the young man Isaac returned with Mr. Williams and took a refreshment and then came home and told me the priest would come according to our request. Our family requested Episcopalian brethren to come over to help carry on the meeting to read service. I now attend to the funeral preparations. The first is the appointment of the funeral to be on Wednesday at twelve o’clock at the Presbyterian meeting house. We sent to the Free Masons for them to bury him in their Order according to Father’s request. Today Mr. R. Danford went with his horse and Mr. Pierce’s wagon to Lebanon and carried Alma Russell. They went to Elem Tilden’s and got the funeral necessaries to the amount of eight dol and 99 cts, and to Smith’s store to the amount of one dol and I had it all charged to me. Our neighbors came in today and helped us prepare for the funeral. Tonight Mr. Joshua Phillips and Francis Buten watched with the corpse.

March 16, Tuesday: Today quite stormy and the snow blew. This morning Wm and I walked to the burying ground near the Presbyterian meeting house and gave directions where to dig our father’s grave, which was at the head or a little south of the head of my son George Jay’s grave. We had liberty from Mr. John Russell to lay our father there. Today Capt. Adam Brown and Isaac Humphrey took our horses and sled and carried wood from our door to the meeting house for a fire for the funeral tomorrow, and other neighbors visited us in preparing today and borrowing for accommodations, and Mr. John Wylie made the coffin. I prepared the pine boards and other materials. I sent to H. Platt’s 25 cts after a few articles that lack to finish the coffin. Expense for making I know not yet. Tonight Mr. John Wylie and Benjamin Sackett Jr. watched with the corpse.

March 17, Wednesday: This morning I sent for Joshua Phillips to come and he took my horse and rode to Lebanon to Elem Tilden’s store and got a whole piece of crepe for me for the Freemason. On last evening Doctor Dwight Wright called to our house and requested me so to do and what they made use of he would see it paid for and requested me to return what they did not use, and fetch him a bill. The said crepe was charged to me. On this forenoon our connections and neighbors met at our house, and the Freemasons moved the corpse about twelve to the Meeting House, and the Episcopalian priest Humphrey in procession with them while the mourners followed in sleighs and more distant connections in wagons. Priest Hunter waited on the Episcopalian priest in to his pulpit and then he opened the meeting by reading Service, and prayer and Priest Hunter read a psalm and sung in the gallery. We then had a sermon from said Humphrey. His text was in Luke the 2nd chapter, 29th and 30th verses. We had a very entertaining discourse, and then he addressed the connections of the deceased and likewise addressed his Masonic Brethren and then Hunter read a psalm and singing in the gallery, and Humphrey closed with a prayer.
The Masonic Brethren took the corpse to the grave and then their Master Brother Doctor Wright delivered a discourse and dropped their green bough in to the grave, and then we mourners returned home and the Masons filled up the grave and they returned to our house in procession and they took a refreshment of liquor and victuals and said Humphrey returned to our house and took dinner. I gave him two dollars and he returned home tonight. The money that I handed said Humphrey was money that Father left, and Mother got it and handed it to me for that purpose. Today Mr. Ephraim Pierce took his sleigh and carried part of us mourners to the meeting house and Elijah Bennet drove our sleigh. The mourners took some refreshment to our house. Today a blistering and snowy weather.

March 18, Thursday: This forenoon, we returned home the borrowed things that we borrowed of our neighbors for the funeral, and this morning Sylvester returned home with my cutter that he had last night to carry his family home that had been to our house for three days, in the time of my father’s death and funeral. Today we sledded home some wood from my farm.

Friday: Today we drew home some wood from my farm. I carried Mr. Asa Sheldon a barrel of cider, price one dollar, which leaves a balance due to me 38 cents for deduction out his charge of 62 cents for helping dig Father’s grave. This evening Wm and I rode down to Mr. Wm. Bailies to inquire of him our duty about settling the estate that father left, but said Bailie was not home and we returned without calling in to his house. They let me pass the gate free again out the one that was near Mr. Henry Withees. I had a very gad road both going and coming.

Monday: I walked to Mr. Jordan Booge’s and read father’s will to Squire E.F. Booge, and he advised me to get a settlement with the heirs and then I agreed with him to write a bond to bind all of us heirs to abide by the disposal of Father’s property. I returned home and told brother Wm. That he must fix for to go the the westward if we three, Sylvester, Eleanor and we two do agree that you and Beriah shall choose those men and we do agree thereto and of Sisters Lucretia Wylie and Myriam Cammel (Miriam Campbell) thereto do agree, this is what we are undertaking to do. Tonight, Sylvester fetched Daniel Moulton’s pack from the widow Douglas for Wm to have to go the before mentioned journey. Wm. And myself made out eighteen dollars for his expenses by taking five dollars and 62 cents of the money that Father left.

Tuesday: This morning I walked down to Capt. Andrew Hunter’s and got a letter that I went to him yesterday to have him write to my brother and two sisters to the westward, advising them to have a settlement with the rest of the heirs and to bind us all in the bond to abide by the disposal of our deceased Father’s estate. I called to Wm. Bailey’s a few minutes and I called in to Mr. Booge’s and them I came home and Wm. took breakfast early and then he took a horse rode round as the road goes and I took his pack on my back and went over the hill and met him near Ancil Marrows, and then I took the horse and I rode home and Wm. Went on his journey, as is before mentioned, on to our brother and sisters.

This afternoon I received a line from E. F. Booge. His request was for me to come to his father’s house and be his bale, for his father had swore the piece against him, but I refused to be his bale, but I walked to the pool with him to Squ. J. Bull’s, according to his request, but he was not tried.

April 25, 1924: Aged Wm L. Gardner died, funeral at Baptist meetinghouse, Elder Hall preached.

April 28, 1924: Son of Jonas Smith’s son was killed under a harrow he got on to ride and the oxen ran away. He lived to Joseph Bailey’s in New Lebanon

Sunday, May 30, 1824: This morning I started for the westward and brother Sylvester put his horse to my wagon and carried me to Nassau at the gate near Dunham’s Tavern. I then walked on to Bath. I crossed the ferry in a small boat in company with some that was going over. It cost me nothing. I passed through Albany on to Guilderland, on the Cherry Valley turnpike, and put up to a Dutch tavern thirteen miles from Albany. Tonight I had tea and my own victuals.

Monday: This morning I had a bowl of milk to foresaid tavern and my bill was 1/3 pense. I then came on through Duanesburgh and Schoharie at a store at the bridge I paid one cent for a sheet of paper. I then went on to Sharon Village and paid six cents for half a pint of rum. I then went on nearly or within two miles of Cherry Village to P. Vannettes and put up. I had tea with my victuals.

Tuesday: This morning I paid my bill to Vannette, which was one shilling. I then passed through Cherry Valley Village in to Springfield to Cook’s tavern and had a cup of tea with my victuals. I paid six cents for it and passed on through Richfield in to Litchfield and stayed to a cousin Deacon Crums.

Wednesday June 2, 1824: This morning I came on from Cousin Crums. When in Litchfield I stayed at cousin Deacon Crumb’s. I called to his daughter Cynthas. She married a man by the name of David Pomers in aforesaid town. I only called a few minutes and took a glass of wine with them, and I went on through Brookfield into Hamilton Village. I called to Mr. Orin Squires a few minutes and passed on up to Lebanon to sister Miriam Campbell. I got there about four o’clock and found sister Lucretia Wylie there and brother Peter came there and stayed tonight.

Thursday: This morning after breakfast I went home with brother Wylie and wife and I talked with them and sister Miriam concerning settling the estate that our father had left us. They all agreed to sign off in the same way as the rest of the heirs had as the will directs. Brother Wylie called over and got his brother Moses and Mrs. Charles Wylie to come and witness and deed and release that they signed off to Brother Wm and myself, and then brother Peter and his brother Moses went with me to the south part of the town to one of the commissioners said it would not answer, for he must examine sister Wylie alone from her husband. Said Stebbins came home with us to brother Peter Wylie’s and examined sister Lucretia alone from her husband and I paid him one dollar for his certificate.

Friday: This morning I walked to Morris Flats to the County Clerk’s office of Madison County and the County Seal put to my deed, and I paid 25 cts. On my way from Log City I missed my road and lost one mile’s travel. I returned to Log City to Clark’s tavern and found brother Peter Wylie and now we returned to Lebanon.

Saturday: This morning sister Miriam filled my pack with victuals and my bottle with whiskey and she sends one shilling to sister Newton and her husband’s little girl Rosanna sends some small presents to my children and to brother Wm’s and I left there.

3 Aug 1824 Mr. Samuel Brown was found dead in the road or had a fit and fell in the brook and partly drowned
5 Sep 1824 Funeral for Ludwig. Elder Hull preached then Mr. Wells a traveling preacher did a short sermon
29 Sep 1824 Squ. James Sweet’s second dau Juliette died
11 Oct 1824 Funeral of Abigail Burton (28 yrs old) at Caleb Joll’s. She had been in decline for a number of years. There was not any sermon preached. Mr. Churchill was expected but he was unwell
5 Dec 1824 John Murdock buried his second dau, she died 2 Dec with the consumption

5 Jan 1825 Franklin Gardner m/ Lecta Vary
9 Jan 1825 Capt. Andrew Hunter was found dead in bed. The funeral was on the 11th at his own dwelling house. Priest Churchill preached but I could not hear any of the sermon for the house was so full of people
20 Feb 1825 2 a.m. George Holcomb’s 4th child born, Dr. Graves attended
20 Feb 1825 Old Mr. Horton died (Thomas, age 70)
21 Apr 1825 John Wylie’s 4th daughter born (Deborah Marie)
27 Apr 1825 Wife of George Landon died with the consumption (Cynthia, age 27)
9 Aug 1825 Old Widow Chase (Elizabeth w/Tolman Chase) died. (She was born 1759)
21 Aug 1825 John Foster of Hancock took his razor and cut his own throat and died instantly. It was thought he was deranged by being out of health or a disorder in his head.
22 Aug 1825 Wife of Old Mr. Caleb Chapman died (Martha, age 62-9-0)
31 Aug 1825 Tonight Gen. Hosey Moffitt died. It was caused by a wagon box falling on to his bowels. Funeral on the 2nd, Mr. Shepard from Lenox preached.
27 Sep 1825 Brother Sylvester Holcomb had a son born but expired in a few minutes. (This was 9 months, 10 days after their stillborn baby arrived)
1 Oct 1825 Funeral for Amherst L. Sackett. He was kicked by a colt 4 months old. Kicked in the bowels. He lived 24 hours
Wednesday, December 20, 1825: On this morning brother Wm and myself started a journey to the northward to look for cows, We walked on foot. We got to Hoosick Falls and stayed to brother Wm’s father (in law) Barnhart’s.

Thursday: We started on and went into Vermont, through Shaftsbury into Arlington and stayed to Hill’s Tavern and had supper, lodging and bitters and we paid 75 cents and went on to Sandgate. We called to Baker’s tavern before we left Arlington, and paid 50 cents for breakfast. We could not find any cows. We turned our course into York State. We came into Salem and stayed. We stayed at a private house and paid 31 cents for supper and lodging.

Saturday morning we passed on through Arquile to Cousin Abel Potter’s. We went a crooked road in pursuit of cows but not any.

Christmas Sunday: We continured to Cousin Patten’s today. Stormy.

Monday, December 26: This morning we started on from Cousin Potter’s. We called to Cousin Fullerton’s a few minutes, but he was not at home. We saw his wife, Cousin Miriam and Aunt Cousin Abil walked with us as far as Fort Edwards Village. We then passed on through Kingsburgh and Sand Hill Village into Fort Ann and Stayed to Jonathan Osborn’s and he had cows for sale. We had supper.

Tuesday: This morning we bought three heifers at ten dol and fifty cents per head and a new milk cow at eleven dol and said Osborn gave in our keeping. We then came on into Hartford and I bought a heifer at nine dollars and then I returned back to Granville. I rode with one Mr. Man and stayed with him and took supper and Wm. Stayed in Hartford with the five head of cows.

Wednesday: This morning I bough said Man’s cow and paid ten dol. I then came on into Hartford to Dixon’s and then Wm and I came on in to Arguyle and paid 22 dollars forty cents for two cows. We then came to Fort Edwards to Cousin Potter’s and stayed with our stock.

Thursday, December 29: We continue at Cousin Potter’s with our stock. Today quite stormy. Today I went out and bought one cow of one Mr. MacCoy, and he drove the cow to said Cousin Potter’s and I paid him ten dollars. I walked all day in the neighborhoods round Potter’s but could not buy any more cows.

Friday: This morning we took breakfast with Abram Sebron and then we paid him 44 dol for four cows and then we paid one Mr. Lee ten dollars for a heifer, and we paid one Mr. Mack Mullins 21 dol for two cows and we drove the seven to Cousin Potter’s, which makes 15 in all. We continue there for it is very stormy.

Saturday, December 31, 1825: This morning we started for home with our drove of cattle. Said Potter would not take any pay for the trouble of our cattle. Today we paid nineteen dol and fifty cents for two more cows in Argyle, and we swapped a heifer for a cow and paid two dol to boot in the town of Jackson. Today we traveled 18 miles and stayed in the town of Jackson to old Mr. Fullman’s, and had supper and our cattle well tended. Today quite stormy and some slippery driving cattle.

(They bought one more cow in Hoosick on their way home, and returned the next day through stormy slippery traveling. They ended up with nineteen cows, for which they paid $201.50)
(After returning from a trip up to Vermont in which he bought 19 cows, he continured to buy cows nearer to home)

Tuesday, January 3, 1926: Today we went over to our Rodgers farm and salted our new flock of cattle and chopped and drew a load of wood home. Today we paid Francis Buten the ten dollars in cash for his cow that was agreed here before, and drove her home. I went with the cutter after Charlotte to school. Tonight and this evening I went up to Mrs. Smalley’s and bargained, with her son, Philander Woodard, for his cow at eleven dollars and fifty cents, and came in the morning after said cow and paid him in silver.

Wednesday: This morning I walked up to P. Woodard, paid him for his cow and as before agreed, and he helped drive her home. Tonight I went with the sleigh after Charlotte to school and this evening we sorted over apples for market.

Wednesday January 5, 1925: Franklin Gardner was married to Lecta Vary.

Monday, January 9: This forenoon I took the cutter and carried Charlotte to school. I went to R. Humphrey’s with the cloth to be dressed for Wm. I carried my second daughter, Angeline and left her to B. Sackett’s until I went to said Humphrey’s. Charlotte returns after school to said b. Sackett’s to stay a part of the week and go to school. Capt. Andrew Hunter was found dead in bed. The funeral was on the 11th at his own dwelling house. Priest Churchill preached but I could not hear any of the sermon for the house was so full of people

Tuesday: I rode over twice to my Rodgers Farm and foddered and today we carted stone.

Wednesday: Today we carted stone and tonight I rode up to B. Sackett’s and fetched Charlotte home from school, quite unwell.

Thursday: We butchered a beef cow and Mr. R. Danford helped. I have paid him partly in apples.

Saturday: Today we cut up our beef and salted. Wm had about one third.

Wednesday: Today we borrowed Mr. Hazard Morey’s long ladder. Wm and I brought it on our back and we put it on to Wm’s old house, where Mr. R. Danford lives, and we repaired the roof. Today I carted one load of stone.

Thursday: I took the double wagon and went to the Shakers to mill to their new stone mill. I had five bushels of wheat ground and Wm had three bushels of Rye ground, but our grists got mixed.

Wednesday: Today Wm and I carried two loads of wood to Doctor D. Wright. The load that the ox team carried measured ninety feet and the other load that horse team measured eighty feet.

Monday, January 30: I drove our white no horned cow to bull to B.B. Mason’s near Asa Goodrich and left her all night in said Maxon’s stable. Today Wm goes to Troy with four barrels of cider and half a barrel of apple sauce. It snowed some today.

Tuesday: Today a severe cold day, the coldest weather that has been this winter.

20 Feb 1825 2 a.m. George Holcomb’s 4th child born, Dr. Graves attended
20 Feb 1825 Old Mr. Horton died (Thomas, age 70)


Selling the Stock

12 Jan 1826 Nicholas Gardner m/ Jane Wylie
11 Feb 1826 This morning Rowland Danford had a dau born

Tuesday, March 7, 1826: Today I walked to Pittsfield to The American Press and got 75 advertisements printed, and paid 50 cts, and paid 50 cts to have the advertisements put into the paper. In those advertisements Wm and I have advertised 22 cows, one pair of oxen, two steers, 60 sheep, and one cart and two wagons all at auction if not sold at private sale before the 20th. I paid in Pittsfield six cts for a ball of sewing thread, and six cts for sugar toys for my children. I began to scatter my advertisements every direction.

Wednesday: I walked to Hancock and put up my advertisements. I sent an advertisement to the north part of town. On the way home I called to Mr. Ezekiel Sheldon’s and got some colt’s foot for my children that has got the whooping cough.

Thursday: Today I walked to Andrew Snyder’s and engaged him to come and auction off this aforementioned property. I went round by the way of Lebanon Meeting House to put up advertisement and came home by way of Claudius Moffitt’s store.

Wednesday, March 15: Today we drove a part of our stock home from the Rodgers Farm and had six cows appraised off to Peter Wylie, which filled his note of 95 dol and eight dol over, and took my note, and we had seven cows and a pair of year old steers appraised off to sister Miriam Campbell for 142 dol, which filled my note that she sent by said Wylie, and I keep it for sale in next Monday at auction with my stock.

Monday: Today we tended selling the property that we advertised. The stock that I turned out to Peter Wylie and Miriam Campbell last week, the said property of theirs was sold at auction for 14 cents on the dol less than it was appraised. I then put up a cart and covered wagon, but I had a by bidder and had them returned on to my hands. Caleb Chapman, Jr. bid of our old double wagon at 23 dol and 75 cts. I offered six months credit by leaves it on our hands. George Landon bid off a hog at 2 dol and 22 cts but did not pay. I put up three cows but had them struck off to a buy bidder., I bargained with Hosey Bennet for two cow at 18 dollars each and have his note. Tonight our auctioneer James Snyder returned home with us and took supper. I then paid him his cash, two dol for his services today. Today a very stormy, damp and chilly day.

Tuesday: This morning I walked down to Widow Hunter’s with brother Peter Wylie to collect money for cows, and to Hazard Morey’s and Ephraim Pierce’s. Today I bargained and sold our sheep to Moses Hunter at two dol per head, and took his note of 104 dol payable the 15th of April without interest. We helped him get the sheep home and took the wagon and horses and carried one that would not or could not walk. Today the money was all collected that was due on said Wylie and M. Campbells’ stock and handed to said Wylie and he is to return M. Campbell’s to her, 122.25 cts all cash and said Wylie’s $88.25. I took brother Wylie in to my wagon and carried him to Hancock to Squ. John Gardner’s and left him to take the stage. As I returned I called to my Rodgers Farm and Hosea Bennet came after his cows. He examined one of his cows and found that he was lowsey. I offered him to leave her and take another, but he would not. He likewise took the two that he bargained for last night. He gave a note of 36 dol payable in six months with interest. I fetched a load of wood home that Wm and Samuel chopped. Tonight I walked over to George Landon’s to get my pay, which is 2.22 cts. For the hog he bid off, but he denies paying me. He makes an excuse the hog is sick.
Friday, March 24, 1826: I chopped wood to the door, some rainy. We had a cow jump out of the lot. I went to E. Pierce’s and H. Morey’s and Adam Brown’s and Ezra Sackett’s after her, but could not find her. The said cow James Glass had turned into the highway and she ran away, but brother Wm had found the said cow in Sylvanas Carpenter’s swamp before I had returned tonight from looking for her.

Saturday: I am quite unwell with a bad cold and head ache.

Saturday, April 1, 1826: The forenoon Wm and I went to Hancock mountain on to Elijah Douglas land to chop coal wood but it was so steep that we returned home and concluded not to get any wood there.

March 28, 1826: Daughter Charlotte is 5 years old.

Monday, April 3: I see Henry Hull to Gardner’s and he came with me down to my Rodgers Farm and he bought four cows of me at nineteen dol per head and gave me a note on demand. I then walked over to Job Green’s this afternoon where this town was putting in town officers.

Tuesday: I took John Wylie’s single wagon and went to Lebanon to Jones to town meeting. I carried five dollars worth of Bull’s gingerbread at 3 cts a card and sold it at five cts per card, and sold six gallons of cider and one peck of apples. I got six dol and fifty cts in cash and a new half bushel for my day’s work. Today I carried my mother to Mr. A.J. Booge’s and left her until I returned at night. Today brother Wm sold five dollars worth of gingerbread and five gallons of cider in this town to Joseph Green’s to town meeting and he cleared four dol and fifty cts.

Thursday: This morning Wm and I helped Mr. R. Danford get a hearth stone and place it in the south room of that house where he lives. Today a young girl that was brought up among the Shakers came here to get work. Her name is Eunice Adeline Welch.

Friday: Today I tended to helping to make soap and chop wood to the door yard. Today this said Eunice Adeline Welch began to spin for us a week at fifty cts.

Saturday: Today we gave Charlotte some physic for she is quite unwell and has been for two days with a pain in her head and ear and swelled neck and lost her appetite.

Sunday: Our daughter continues quite unwell. Today the funeral of daughter of old Mr. Salmon Wheeler, aged about 13 years old. She died at Mr. Sylvanus Carpenter’s and the funeral at his house, and we did not hear of it, not until it was too late. She died yesterday. Elder Jones preached.

Monday: I am quite unwell and today a very snowy day.

Tuesday: We yoked up two yoke of steers and drew manure with one yoke a spell. We, Wm and I, then made corn brooms. Today Moses Hunter came and paid up the note of one hundred and four dollars for the sheep he bought of us last month, the money nearly all of it on Pittsfield bank and the remainder on Albany excepting two bills, one on Greenfield and the other bill on New York. Tonight brother Wm went up to Edward Carr’s and paid him seven dollars, the interest on the one hundred dollars that was due last may, and Wm went to Calvin and offered him the money for my note I gave the 20th December last, but he refused taking the money, for he said the note was on demand, and he had not demanded it, and Wm fetched the money home again.

Wednesday: Today I walked up to Erastus Brown’s store. I reckoned with him. When I returned home I called to Calvin Carpenter’s and took up my note of 106 dollars and 26 cts interest and principal given the 20th of December last. I paid in all in Pittsfield bills except in one dol and 26 cts in specie. He had a choice not to take his pay yet.

Thursday: This forenoon I took the single wagon and my wife went with me and we carried Charlotte to Doctor Graves and he gave us some drops and castile soap to put in her ear, and some physic and some things to put into wine. We called to H. Platt’s and paid 12 cts for a bottle and nine cents for wine and today I paid Eunice Adeline Welch 50 cts for her week’s work and she went away.
Thursday, April 20, 1826: This afternoon I went to school house to a school meeting to try to agree to move the said school house, but it was not agreed on. I called to Asa Goodriches on the way home and got a pair of shoes that was to have been made by Amos Chapman for my wife. Goodrich was employed by said Cahpman to make the shoes. Today a disturbance took place with our families.

Friday: I returned the shoes that I got to Goodriches last night, for they were too large. He would not take them for he said that the upper leather was so poor that he could not sell them. But said Goodrich agreed to make another pair for nothing if I could find leather. I told him I would, and went and got my calf skin and borrowed some leather of John Wylie and paid in cast to John Russell’s wife six cents for quarter of a yard of lace cloth to line said shoes.
Today I tended to no work, but tried to get Wm to talk over our concern and make a division of our property but he would not. Mother’s age is 76. John Wylie’s 4th daughter born (Deborah Marie)

Saturday: I walked over across to Claudius Moffitt’s store and exchanged the shoe that Goodrich made for a pair of Denmark Sattin shoes and paid fifty cents to boot in cash.

Sunday: This evening I walked over to my Rodgers Farm to brother Sylvester’s to see to my young cattle.

Monday: Today we tended to put runners under the school house and this afternoon we went with our oxen to the drawing of said school house. It was drawn from the corner near Simeon Wylie’s to the spot near where the Widow Buten once lived.

Tuesday: This morning I sowed some spring wheat for John Wylie and this forenoon I went and consulted with Mr. Hazard Morey about dividing with brother Wm, our property. He advised us to do it ourselves. This afternoon I plowed stalk ground.

Wednesday: We plowed stalk ground.

Sunday, April 30: I took the single wagon and carried my wife to the funeral of old Miss Rebecca Douglass, who died on Friday with old age. The old lady was one of the first settlers of this town. She came with her father, Asa Douglass, and she never married.Elder Jones preached at his meeting house. After the sermon and burial, on Mr. Taggart preached a short sermon.

Friday, May 5: Today I and my wife and child went to Troy. On the way we called to Mr. Henry Withee’s and took dinner. We peddled out nearly all of our load before we got to Troy.

(A long list of items sold and items bought for his mother, his wife and his children follows)

Tuesday: We worked on said Rodgers Farm sowing oats. At night I took the single wagon and my wife went and carried our babe George Pease to Lebanon to Doctor Wright’s and he looked at the swelling on my child’s cheek and let us have some salve to put on it. I called home by way of John Bull’s and got a chest of cake.

Thursday: Today I went to election to Simon Cranston’s and supported Archibald Bull in preference of Lane. I carried gingerbread and pies, cider and egg cider for sale. I cleared about six dollars.

Sunday, May 14, 1826: Today my wife and I rode to Dr. Wright’s with our child to see if the swelling was fit to open, but it was not.

Monday: Today we cross plowed our flax ground with our mares but at sunset the bay mare lost her colt. Today we bagan to plow sward land for corn. We plowed but very little for it was too warm for our oxen.

Wednesday: Today I sent to H. Platt’s store and paid nine cents for one pound of salts for our bay mare. Wm got them, and tameric bark to give said mare.

Thursday: Today I took the single wagon and my wife went and carried our babe George Pease to Doctor Wright’s and had his cheek lanced. This forenoon I rode up to the Shakers and got trusted four dollars and 76 cents of Monson’s office and agreed to pay in corn at 63 cents per bushel.

Saturday, May 20: Today old Mrs. Barnhart was thrown from a wagon. Her horse ran away. She was returning home to Hoosic from brother Wm’s and two of her daughters, but they were not hurt, and Wm took our single wagon and put her and a bed and fetched her from Calvin Carpenter’s home to his house.

Sunday: Today Wm took said Barnhart wagon and horse and carried the two Barnhart girls home and returned home tonight and rode one of their horses.

Tuesday: Today Gideon Barnhart came here from Hoosic. He is crazy. He came without a hat or shoes. Tonight I had him come up from Wm and I took him in a chamber and were were fastened in and we went to bed and slept very well.

Today old Mr. Barnhart and his son Joseph came here with a double wagon after Gideon, but he had cleared out this morning.

Friday, May 26: Today old Mr. Barnhart returned home without his son Gideon.

Tuesday, May 30: Today Mr. John Mott’s wife died. It is thought that her death was caused by a family fight, bruised and took cold.

Tuesday, June 6: This afternoon Wm went after his wife’s brother Gideon that was crazy and had gone to Lebanon a disturbing the school and others. Tonight I stayed to Wm’s and helped take care of him. He was no particular trouble only to watch him.

Wednesday: Today brother Wm’s wife’s mother had got well enough to ride home with the mail carrier.

Thursday: Today Wm stayed home to take care of crazy Gideon and this afternoon his brother came and took our single wagon and carried him home to Hoosic.

22 Jun 1826 Mr. Aaron Jordan Booge died. Funeral on the 24th at his home. Procession moved to Mr. Churchill’s meetinghouse & Elder Taggard preached and Mr. Churchill read Mr. Booge’s dying prayer in his own handwriting. Churchill also made prayer at the grave. (aged 74)
28 Jun 1826 Old Capt. Benjamin Sackett died. Funeral the next day, Mr. Hendrick preached at Presbyterian meetinghouse (age 71)

July 3, 1826 Monday: This morning I rode to Lebanon to John Bull’s and engaged cake to carry to independence. I called to Wm. Tryon’s store and borrowed a stone jug and called to Bailie’s store and got one gallon of molasses and had it charged, 44 cents. I got the said molasses to sweeten cider to carry to independence.

Tuesday, July 4: Today I took the single wagon and Samuel went with me. I took cake from Bull’s, five dollars and six cents wroth and carried to Pittsfield. I doubled my money on the cake and sole about two dollars worth cider. Wm took the same quantity and went to Brainard bridge. He cleared nearly the same as I. Independence was celebrated in two places in Pittsfield. Also in our town at Carpenter’s.

Wednesday: We hoed corn today. I took the single wagon and carried my wife and sister Twichel to the pool and to the Shakers. We went in company with Mr. Joseph Fairfield and his wife from Pittsfield, who came to our house last night on a visit. My expense for drinking and cake on Pool Hill was 59 cents. We went to the Shakers to see their school and gardens and I called to see two young cousin Potter girls that live with them.

Tuesday, July 11: Today we began to hay on our Rodgers farm. I. (Isaac) Newton helped in the way of changing work.

Thursday: We hayed.

Friday: Some rainy. We called to Wm Clark’s store to talk over the mistake that he made in not crediting us for two loads of wood and concerning James Rodger’s estate. He told us that he held a demand against us for goods to the amount of nearly 20 shillings and I offered to pay it and have him give us a receipt but he would not until he had settled the Rodger’s estate. We then rode up to Elijah Goodrich Jr. and bargained for 45 sheep for twenty eight dollars and fifty cents, and returned home. Today Eber Moffit’s youngest son bled to death.

Saturday: This morning Wm and I rode over to Elijah Goodrich Jr.’s and gave him our note for one year for 20 ewes and 25 lambs, which is 28 dollars and fifty cents as we bargained yesterday. We marked them our ear mark and a red H on the back and drove them to our Rodgers farm, and there we hayedtoday.

Sunday, July 23: Today I took the single wagon and carried my wife and her sister Hanah Twichel to the Shaker meeting.

Tuesday, August 1: Today some rainy. This morning I took the single wagon and carried my wife up to Squ. Nathan Howard’s. We went there to see her sister Hannah Twichel take a passage in the stage. I gave her one dollar to pay her passage on to Troy. She lives in Cincinnati in the state of Ohio. We fetched our daughter Charlotte and came by way of Reuben Andrews and had her foot measured for a pair of boots. This afternoon I cradled some rye and put up. I went with the wagon after our school children and I left my shoe to Asa Goodrich to have a patch put on.

August 16, 1826 Wednesday: This morning I rode to Lebanon to the butcher Mr. Merryfield to have him come and look at some fat cattle. He agreed to come. Today we hayed but some showery. Tonight I rode to Hancock Village and I bargained with the shoemaker Grinman to make me shoes and take such pay that I have to spare in produce. I called to Wm Lapum’s and paid five cents for dye woods, and as I was going I called to Benj. Carpenter’s, for his son Govanier died but a few minutes before, his age 26 and by profession a lawyer. He had been lingering with the consumption.

Today Old Elder Leland preached a sermon in this town on the death of the two ex-Presidents Adams and Jefferson.

Thursday: Today Mr. Merryfield came and offered us 33 dol for two cows, but I asked 35 dollars. This afternoon Wm and I took the single wagon and rode up to Gen. Caleb Carr’s to a court betwixt Calvin P. Sackett and Francis Buten concerning the highway. Said Buten was pathmaster, and plowed a ditch before said Sackett’s door and stopped up a sluice way that stopped the wash of the road from going onto his land. I give in my testimony that Buten was doing justice to the public and doing but little or on injury to Sackett but some advantage. A number of witnesses gave in the same testimony.. Said Sackett withdrew the action and paid the cost. He saw the verdict was going against him. We carried a grist to Platt’s mill and left it. We got home after midnight.

Friday, August 25: Tonight I and Benj. Sackett watched with brother John Wylie. He is quite weak and low with the consumption.

Saturday: This morning I rode to Lebanon to Capt. Thomas Bentley’s to see if he wanted to buy fat cattle. This morning about eight o’clock John Wylie died. I returned there in a few minutes after. This evening I rode up to Hancock Village to Hadsill’s and Gregory’s store and got one yard and a quarter of mourning crepe at 75 cents per.

Sunday: Today we tended the funeral of brother John Wylie. First a prayer at the house of the deceased, by Mr. Hendrick and then the procession moved to the meeting house and at three o’clock said Hendricks preached. A large number of connections attended and a very concourse of people attended. Brother Jay Wylie put a horse with ours and we went in our covered wagon.

Monday: I went to Nassau with our single wagon to what is called Schermerhorn’s Old Stand to Salmon’s to training. I carried four dollars worth of cake and a keg of new cider. I made 4 dol and 50 cts today out of the cake and cider.

Tuesday: I took the same cake with two kegs of cider and went to camp meeting to the southwest part of Lebanon, about three miles beyond Cornwell’s store and Wm returned home. I went on to the camp ground and the Methodists forbid peddling and I went to one of the priests and he told me that the state had passed an edict for them against peddling of any description within two miles from their campground. I then returned home with out selling anything. On the way home, I sold my two kegs of cider. I then came on to Bull’s and returned the cake.

5 Sep 1826 Sold cider to Daniel Torry, (New Lebanon) and to a family named Gray who lives in Torry’s house
8 Sep 1826 Funeral of Dr. Graves 2nd wife, dau of Henry Platt

September 12, 1926 Tuesday: This afternoon Wm took the double wagon and rode up to Simon Cranston’s to Calvin P. Sackett’s and Francis Buten’s court. We was both supoened for witnesses but the Justice did not appear and there was no cause of action. It was the same concern as they contended on the 17th of August.

Wednesday: We worked on the highway, three of us and cart and oxen, which counts us five days works. The post rider stayed with us as usual today.

Thursday: Today we took the cart and oxen and drew butternut coal wood together.

Saturday: Tonight I watched coat pit most all night and Wm all night.

Sunday: Today I tended coal pit and tonight I and my wife went to Ephraim Pierce’s to meeting. Elder Tagard preached and tonight I . Newton tended coal pit for us. (pictured at right) 

Tuesday, September 26: This forenoon I took covered wagon and carried my wife to Doc Graves, but he was not at home. Tonight I walked up to Mrs. Smalley’s to get her daughter to come and do house work while my wife was unwell, but could not get her.

Wednesday: This morning I rode to Lebanon and got Dr. Right to come and doctor my wife for she continues more unwell. I rode to a number of places after a hired girl, but a last I got Cousin Josiah Egleston’s daughter Eliza to stay until Sunday.

Saturday: Today I took the single wagon and carried my daughter Charlotte E. to Dr. Graves and had her leiterised to her head for deafness. I left her there and went on to a number of places to get a girl to come and do housework. At last I got Caroline Humphrey.

Sunday: This morning I paid Eliza Egleston 44 cts for her part of a week work for the time she agreed to stay and today she went home.

Monday: Today I carried Charlotte E. my oldest daughter to Doctor Graves and had her lecter shocked. (electric shocked?)

Tuesday: Today I and Wm peddled to what is called general training in our own town to Allen’s tavern, but the training was broke up for the Colonel did not give out the orders time enough.

Wednesday: Today Wm and I took the double wagon and went to Pittsfield peddling to cattle show. We took Bull’s cake and our own cider to peddle.

Thursday: We peddled and at night we came home. We called to J. Bull and paid for the cake and took another chest of cake to fetch along. I cleared about seven dollars both days and I guess that Wm did about the same.

Friday: Today I peddled in our own town to Allen’s Tavern. There was a caravan of live animals such as lions and elephant and others today. I cleared about four dollars and fifty cents. One Mr. Tabor rode home with me and stayed all night and I make him welcome. Said Tabor travels with said animals to sport at dice.

Thursday, October 12, 1826: We dug one load of potatoes on the Rodgers farm and gathered one load of apples on said farm. This afternoon some rainy. This evening I went to school meeting. We put in three new trustees – Simeon Wylie, Elder Jones and brother Wm. I paid my summer schooling for my two girls going 119 days. It was one dollar and 17 cts. I paid it to J.B. Maxon, the old trustee, and Wm paid his, which was nearly two dollars. Tonight Wm and I borrowed 7 lbs. of fresh pork of Sylvester.

Friday, 13 October: This forenoon I gathered apples. This afternoon I took the double wagon and carried Mother and Abigail Meachum and my daughter Charlotte to the funeral of old widow Phebe Sackett, the wife of the deceased Benjamin Sackett, who died very suddenly yesterday morning. Moses Hunter preached at the meeting house.

Saturday, 14 October: I went to Elijah Goodriches and agreed with him to still cider for me. On this evening we had an apple bee, and had about 12 bushels pared.

Sunday, October 15, 1926: Funeral of Eliza Bounds at Presbyterian meetinghouse.

Tuesday: This morning I went with the cart with four barrels of cider to Elijah Goodriches still, and today we dug potatoes on our Rodgers farm.

Saturday, 21, October: This morning I drove our sheep home from our Rodgers farm and today Wm and I took the single wagon and rode to Lebanon to Luck Rich’s to raising a three story house. A dinner was provided about dusk. Luther Rich fell from the farm and cut his head and broke his arm, and Hampton Babcock had his foot jambed as the timer fell on it. I came home by way of I. Newton’s and fetched Mother Holcomb home. She was there on a visit.

22 Oct 1826 Capt. Joseph Rodgers died and Mr. (Philetas) Glass m/Widow Chase (of Brittain Chase) (Eleanor)

Monday, 6 November: This morning I drew a load of stone off the hill and this afternoon I sent a hand with a cart and oxen with a load of stone to help underpin the school house and drew gravel and banked it up. Today I went to election to Claudius Moffitt’s. I voted for the People’s ticket, for Governor DeWitt Clinton and the buck tail for Daniel B. Rochester for Governor. Today I went from election with the single wagon to Lebanon to election with cake and cider, but I did not sell but a few cakes for it was cold and rainy.

11 Nov 1826 Funeral of John Surdam, attended by Elder Jones. He died very suddenly
20 Nov 1826 Went to Widow Booge’s vendue. Bid off one bake kettle at 76 cts and one iron basin 59 cts and a pair of stillards at 14 cts.

Wednesday, November 22, 1826: I walked over to Lenox to see an Indian hung. I got there too late He had been hung about five minutes. I did not go ion some rods of the gallows. I stayed there only 30 minutes and returned home by way of Pittsfield. I called to a number of places in inquire the price of apples. I paid three cents for a drink if liquor. I walked from Pittsfield home with my neighbor’s boys, that had been to the hanging. The Indian was hanged for shooting another Indian.

Friday: This afternoon I drew a load of rails and fenced Wm yard to keep in a cow. Tonight I walked over after my youngest daughter L. Angeline to school and brought her in my arms home.

Thursday, November 30: Today a peddler called and told my wife that I told him to call and let her have a two gallon wooden bottle but he lied to my wife. She bought it, and gave half a bushel of corn and two of them their dinner and bated their horse.

December 25, Monday: Today I took the cart and oxen and went in to our Rodgers swamp and I got a load of wood and Wm started to come home with it and got into Mr. Sylvanus Carpenter’s lot and the cart mire in the mud and the oxen broke the yoke and we came home and got another an we went, lifted it out and it came home.

Wednesday: Today I took the cutter and went and fetched Abigail Meachum to our house to work. I went by way of Nathan Howard’s to Post Office and took our a letter from Cincinnati from Sister Hannah Twichel, price 25 cents. I called to H. Platt’s Store and paid Wm’s and my tax to Stephen S. Kittle, Collector, which was five dol and four cents.

Saturday: Today snowy and brother Wm took the cutter and carried his wife’s sister home to Hoosic. It was Meriah Barnhart. She had been to Wm’s about four months. On this week we carry and fetch our children to school.

Sunday: Today quite snowy and blowing and today Wm returned from Hoosic.

Wednesday: today I took the ox team and made a path into our swamp and got part of a load of wood. While I was gone from home, Mr. Hosey Bennett came and paid up a note of 36 dol given the 20th of last March. The interest was one dol and 98 cents and he paid one dol and 50 cts of the interest and there is 48 cents remains unpaid. The whole amount interest and principal he paid was 38 dol in bank bills, and my wife handed him 50 cents in change according to his request, to make it correct by his calculation.

Friday: We went with both teams and drew wood for Mr. Rowland Danford. He had a bee for a spell, and at night he provided a most excellent supper.

The Children are Sick

8 Jan 1827 This morning before one o’clock I went after Dr. Elijah Graves and a few neighboring women and about daylight I had my third son born

Saturday, January 20, 1827: We took the sleigh and got E. Pierce’s fanning mill and went over to our Rodgers Barn and fanned up about 35 bushels of oats and fetched them home. This week has been remarkably cold and blustering, snow deep and drifts.

Saturday, January 27: We sledded wood with both teams…tonight a thaw, and rainy.

Sunday: this forenoon rainy. Today Samuel and I went up into the widow Smalley’s lot and dug up some shoemake root to make a poultice for our second daughter L. Angeline, she has an inflammation in her leg, by a scratch and taking cold.

January 29, Monday: This morning at one o’clock I walked over after Dr. Elijah Graves, and I rode home with said doctor. He gave calomel to L. Angeline for she has a very high fever and a sciprilous complaint on her leg. The said Doctor went to bed and we watched with said child. Today I slept some. I am unwell. Tonight I took the cutter and rode over to our Rodgers Farm and foddered. I fetched home a cutter load of hemlock bows for our sheep. Tonight we watched with Angeline.

January 30, Tuesday: I went up to Goodrich Hollow to Mr. Amos Chapman’s and brought his wife home. Aseneth Newton rode home with me and watched with Angenline part of the night and I tended up on her.

Wednesday: Today quite stormy and this afternoon I rode over to Dr. Graves to know what to do for this complaint moving from the leg of my child up towards the body. He gave me physic and directed to rub on flour. When I was going to road was so drifted that I left my horse to the Widow Morton’s and walked down to said doctor’s.

February 4, Sunday: Today I took the cutter and carried my daughter Charlotte E. to the Shaker meeting. Harry W. Betts died tonight.

Wednesday February 8: Harry W. Betts died tonight. I tended to chores and threshed out corn and helped about making soap, and this afternoon I took the cutter and carried six bushels of corn to Gregory’s and Hadsell’s store at 72 cts per, and Abigail Meachum went with me and traded it and nine cts more that I had charged, which maked four dol and forty cts she traded towards her wages. It is six weeks today she has worked for us, and she charges 4 dol and 75 cents. Tonight my son George Pease was taken unwell.

Thursday: We chopped and drew wood from the swamp. Tonight our son is quite sick and restless.

Friday: This forenoon I went to Judah Rowley’s and got about two tablespoonsfuls of honey, but they would not take any pay for it. We got said honey to make a wash for George Pease mouth. It is full of canker and this afternoon I took the horse team and drew a load of corn stalks. Our son did not rest very well with his sore mouth, nor let us rest.

Saturday: Today Wm and I took the sleigh and carried some rye straw over to our young cattle to the Rodgers barn, and fetched home the fanning mill and then I took the cutter and rode over to Doctor Graves, and he ordered a puke and then physic for my boy, and borax to wash his mouth. Tonight he is very, very restless taking a puke.

Sunday: Tonight our son George Pease continues quite sick under the operation of medicine and sore mouth.

Monday: We tended to chores and fanned up rye. Our son continues quite sick and we have to watch with him nights.

Tuesday: This morning I took the cutter and went after Doctor Graves and he came and doctored my son George Pease for the sore mouth and quite a fever.

Wednesday: Today we ground up new axes, and tonight my son George continues better and rests better.


The Kids Get Whopping Cough

Sunday, February 5, 1827: Today I took the cutter and carried my wife and children over to brother Sylvester’s. I carried all three of my children to have them ride for the whooping cough.

Monday: This morning I took the cutter and my wife went with me and carried our son B. Pease to Doctor E. Graves and had his teeth cut, and we got some phistic for Angeline. Tonight I went to debating school at the school house near Simeon Wylie’s.

Friday: Today I am unwell. I tended to chores and towards night I walked down to Judah Rowley’s and got about a tablespoonful of honey for to give to Angeline in medicine to the whooping cough.

Saturday: Today I walked over to Dr. Graves to have him come to brother Wm’s children. His two oldest are quite unwell. From there I walked up onto what is called Tyler’s mountain to inquire for coal to buy.

Wednesday: Today I called up where Thomas Berry was burning a coal pit near Solomon Goodrich’s and bargained with him for one hundred bushels of coals for four barrels of cider. I called to Elder Jones and handed him his change from getting his grass seed the other day in Troy. Tonight one old Mr. Miller called and stayed with us. He is come to try to bargain for sheep. Today brother Wm went and got Dr. Graves twice to his youngest child, the third daughter. She is very dangerous.

Thursday, February 16: Attended to chores and helped take care in the house of my whooping cough children.

Friday: Today I tended to chores and to brother Wm’s chores, for is as well as all of his family is sick. Said Graves bled him and gave medicine. I tended in the house part of the time to my children. Today Asa Sheldon killed our old brown horse and took his hide and is to have half that he gets for his hide.,

Saturday: This afternoon we went into my swamp with both teams and got two sled-loads of hard wood, one to Wm’s and I chopped part of it and tended to his chores. This evening I walked down as far as Mr. Booge’s and tried every house to get some one to come and watch with Wm’s child, but could not for most every one was unwell.

Monday 22 Feb 1827 Asa Worden and son and sons wife made us a visit. She was Meriah Hadsell

Tuesday, February 23: Today it snowed. I was quite unwell part of the time. I lay a bed. I have this general distemper that is common through the country. Towards night I took the ox team and went up to Stephen Sheldon’s and got 70 bushels of oats straw.

Friday: Today I am quite unwell and with a boil coming on my arm. I took the cutter and called to James Adams and got Hannah Nappin to come a short time and help do the work and take care of our whopping cough children. Tonight I sent 12 cts by R. Danford to E. Tilden’s and got some castor oil.

24 Feb 1827 Randall Brown m/Margaret Sweet, d/James Sweet

28 Feb 1827 Mr. Nappins second son died

10 Mar 1827 Joshua Gardner Jr. died. Buried at the Baptist meetinghouse on the 13th
14 Mar 1827 Luke Rich’s mother died, an aged person

Monday, March 26, 1827: Today Wm and I spent all day in trying to make a division in our property, but could not come to any agreement.

Tuesday: On this day Wm and I came to an agreement on part of our division in dividing our property. Wm agreed to give up of holding any demands for what he had paid or done on my Rodgers farm, likewise given up his claim of the stills and still house, and give me the privilege to have it remain on his land for twelve year and for me to take it away within that time. Likewise the house, that part of it that stands on his land, he agrees that it is to be considered undivided property and attached to the home farm with the rest of the undivided property, the little barn near the house to be divided in the same way, and I do agree to give up my demands of my earning until he was of age and which was three hundred dollars and the expense that I was at for his getting the blacksmith trade, which was one hundred and fifty dol and my half of the shop and tools, on hundred dollars, and the house and acre that we paid three hundred dollars my half 75 dol and I have him my note to be paid in cash in ninety days of 100 dollars, which the whole amount I gave is 725 dol, that all for the six hundred and twelve dol that we both paid for my Rodgers farm, On this evening, Wm and I walked down to W. Bailey, drew a writing similar to what I have stated, and Wm and I both signed it.

Wednesday, March 28: On this day, Wm took our sorrel mare and rode to Hoosic. He went to ask advice of his Father Barnhart concerning we dividing.

(In the last episode, George and his brother William (always referred to as Wm) were trying to come up with an equitable arrangement for dividing their property, which had become common property by years of the two of them working together on everything. Together they had worked the home farm passed down to them by their father, worked and improved a new farm which George had bought a few years before (referred to as his Rodgers farm), and built a still and a blacksmith shop to Wm, and appeared to leave the home farm as common property. Wm had then gone to Hoosick to consult with his father in law Mr. Barnhart about the division of property. George has not said yet why the two of them felt the need to divide up their property at this moment.)

Thursday, March 29, 1827: Wm returned from Hoosic. He came home with the horse sick, and this evening he went to Lebanon and got Allen Spencer to come and doctor the horse. We tended to it until midnight.

Friday: We tended to doctoring said horse. Samuel Harrington called and contended for two dollars for the services of his horse last summer, the 20th of June – you can see the bargain. Now rather than to have dispute I do agree to carry him two bushels of rye or corn which he agrees to take for his demands. Today Wm and I tried to come to some agreement about dividing the remainder of our property, but we could not agree, but we agreed to leave it to Mr. Hazard Morey for the third man, and I chose Mr. John Russell, and he chose Mr. Solomon Carpenter. I called to see Mr. Morey and Mr. Russell and he called to see Mr. Carpenter. This afternoon I went over to my farm and salted our cattle.

Monday, April 2: This morning Wm and I met to agree on the terms of the dividing of our property by the men that we agreed on on Saturday, but he would not consent to Hazard Morey as was agreed on Saturday, and he chose Adam Brown in his place, and we agreed on Wednesday to divide our farm that father left. Today I called to Adam Brown’s and got two quarts of milk. Today Wm took the singled wagon and carried Samuel Harrington two bushels of corn, which pays him for the use of his horse last June. Now we have fulfilled what we have agreed. I went to see Cousin Orsemas Holcomb. He is very sick and considered dangerous. They had a jury of doctors
Tuesday, April 3: Today I took the single wagon and went to Lebanon to town meeting peddling Bull’s cake, and I carried about 12 gallons of cider. I sold the cake, nearly all of it for six cts per card. I cleared eight dol today. David Johnson of New Lebanon died

Wednesday: Today the arbitrators came on, Adam Brown, Solomon Carpenter and John Russell, and they proposed to Wm and me for one to buy the other out, and I proposed to Wm to set a price and would agree to take it or let him likewise. He did by holding a council with these three abitrators. Their judgment agreed to a dollar and Wm’s was fifty dollars higher, and the price was nine hundred and fifty dollars for the one to pay the other that went away, one year from this date, and the one that stayed to have all of Mother’s furniture such as stove, brass or iron kettle, and whatever likewise Mother’s two cows and so forth at her decrease, and I agreed to take said farm together with the encumbrances, but Wm is to improve one half for this year and support Mother for this year, one half and I now take Samuel we signed notes of two hundred dol to each other if either give back to forfeit the same. On this evening I called down to Wm Bailey’s according as brother Wm directed as his business is to give me a deed and get said Bailey to do the writings, moreover Wm is to lease me the ground that the house stands on that Wm lives and the platform in front as long as the house stands.

Monday, April 9, 1827: Today we began to plow stalk ground. Wm and I do not divide, we manage our home farm together, each one to do half of the work for this year and each one to do his equal part in providing for our mother, and Samuel comes now into my hands as is ageed on the 4th of the present month. Today Gideon Barnhart came to buy our young oxen and today Mr. Rowland Danford moves from Wm’s house to Lebanon. Tonight Samuel drove our young oxen home from my Rodgers farm so that we could have a chance for Barnhart to see them if he wants to buy. Today sister Eleanor began to help us do our work, for my wife is quite unwell.

Tuesday: This morning I walked over after Dr. Graves, for my wife continues a pain in her side and a bad cough. He came and bled her. Today we plowed. Tonight I walked up to the Presbyterian meeting house and heard a young man that had been a Shaker deliver a discourse to tell what the rise of the Shakers was and their progress.

Wednesday: This morning Wm and I sold Gideon Barnhart our four year old oxen for fifty dollars. This afternoon I took the single wagon and went and fetched Cousin Amanda Green to nurse our babe for my wife has quite a fever.

Sunday: This morning I walked over to Adam Brown’s and got two quarts of milk and today I walked down to Old Widow Booge’s and got two quarts of beer. She would not take any pay. I got it for my wife, for she continues quite sick. Tonight a snow storm.

Tuesday, April 17: Today I took the wagon and horses and plow and went over to my Rodgers farm and I plowed brother Sylvester’s garden and for to pay me he beats and spreads the manure in the meadow, and I told Sylvester that he must pay me rent for the house and garden to begin this month, price 12 dol for a year, and if further privileges such as pasturing and wood must be another bargain.

Wednesday: I mended fence on the hill, drew out manure and plowed sward. We had a calf die and we skinned it and Wm carried it to Elem Tilden’s and had it credit 58 cts on our account. On this day I paid my school bill to brother Wm, which was one dol and twenty seven cts, he stands one of the trustees.

Saturday April 21, 1827: This morning I rode over and got some slippery elm bark in Mr. Solomon Carpenter’s lot for to make tea for my wife’s cough.

Monday: This forenoon we carted rails and stone and plowed sward land and this morning I took my wife into the cart and carried her to Mother Spring’s on a visit, but her cough continues to increase. (George’s mother in law was married to John Wylie and after he died she married Nathaniel Spring. Her name was Deborah Allyn)

Tuesday: Today rainy. We fanned over rye and finished breaking sward land for corn, and I rode up to Elisha Morton’s and got a four ounce bottle of Hurlbert’s cough drops, and for the same I stand indebted for 75 cts, the price agreed on and to give my wife for her cough.

Wednesday: Today a snow storm.

Saturday April 28: Today’s quite rainy. I tended to chores such as tending to the sheep and lambs, and this evening I ent up to Garret Hirse for brother Wm to tell him that he would let his old house until the 3rd day of April next for 20 dol and said Hires must secure him for the pay and no horn cattle to run on said premises on the account of the fruit trees, likewise to keep his hogs in a pen and to take no one in to his family now into the house without Wm consent, not to burn up or destroy any fence nor boards, and furthermore said Hires must go to Lebanon and notify Archibald Simpson that he can’t let him have said house, and said Hires agreed to these proposals, and he is to have the same privileges of the house and yard as Mr. Rowland Danford last year did.

Sunday: Today I walked over to my Rodgers farm and I. Newton went up into Simeon Wylie’s woods and got me some moose weed for to make my wife some drink for her cough, for it continues quite bad. I came home and got white pine bark and spignut and steeped it and sweetened it with molasses, which she is taking as medicine for said cough.
Thursday May 3: I walked to Pittsfield and Dalton to market oats, rye and corn, and flax and returned home this evening.

Friday: Today I took the wagon and horses and carried 16 bushels of rye and four bushels of corn to Pittsfield and sold it for 15 dol. I get 37 cts for the over plush on the rye. I carried 41 pounds of flax and sold it at a number of places, and I carried part of it to Dalton. I got for the whole four dol and eighty four cts.

26 May 1827 Zach Chapman’s dau Laura died. Her health had been on a decline for more than 10 years. Funeral was the next day at the Presbyterian meetinghouse. Elder Jones preached at 3 o’c
13 Jun 1827 Today I am 36 yrs old

Friday, June 1: We worked on the highway and the team and I, with cart, and plow counted three days. Samuel worked this day, and Wm worked one of his.

Saturday: Today Samuel and myself worked on the highway, which counted me two days and the team and cart counted to Wm’s assessment, likewise he worked.

Sunday: Today I am quite unwell.

Wednesday: Today Wm and I went over to my Rodgers farm and divided our sheep. I had 20 old ones and eight lambs. We then divided the five yearlings calves. He had his choice and took the two best heifers, and for his having his choice and I do agree to pasture his two, I have his half of the odd heifer and his half the odd sheep, and then we had four two year old heifers. I agreed to take the white speckled one and the broiled one and he had the two dark red ones. We divided our pine plank what was in my Rodgers barn.

Saturday: This forenoon Wm and I went over to Elijah Goodrich’s and reckoned with him. He took our part of the boards that we had to his mill, which pays him up for the boards we borrowed of him in the year 1821. This day we began to work our corn. Rainy this afternoon, we hoed but little. Today Wm and I divided our wool, we had 51 pounds each and Mother had 7 ½ pounds. On this evening I walked over to the widow Booge’s to see a man and his wife that had lately left the Shakers. Their name is Haskings. I bargained with them for his wife to come and spin wool, for week’s work and milk four cows twice a day and I agreed to pay them 52 cts per week, and she further agreed to wash one day in each week and she further agreed to wash one day in each week in lieu of spinning and she further agreed to do housework if we wanted instead of spinning when my wife was not able to do it.

Tuesday: Today Samuel and I worked on the highway. In the middle of the day we went to J. Maxon’s raising a shed.

Tuesday, June 2, 1827: This evening Wm and I took the single wagon and rode to Lebanon. We went to the Shakers to see what they would pay for wool. We did not market ours for the price was so low. Wm marketed his reel. We then called to Elem Tilden’s store and I paid in cash 33 cts for calico, paregoric, and corrosive supplements. On this day Wm and I divided our oxen and horses. He had his choice and took the oxen and yearling colt, and I had a span of mares.

Wednesday: Tonight I came home with the cart and oxen and fetched butternut bark and part of a load of old wood. I am 36 years old.

Thursday: This forenoon I hoed in the garden and prepared butternut bark and tub for coloring wool and helped plow out potatoes.

Saturday: Today brother Wm takes athe single wagon and my sorrel mare and carries his wife to Hoosic on a visit.

Tuesday: I rode about the neighborhood to hunt up Dr. Graves and Elisha Clark’s young horses that was a missing out of my pasture. Said Clark took them without notice to me. On this day I took my bay mare the second time to Simon Cranston’s horse. This afternoon I was cutting timber on the hill. I cut my foot, but not very bad. Today Wm returned from Hoosic. On this day I heard of the death of Uncle Josiah Holcomb. He was buried on Friday last, I heard

Wednesday: This forenoon I took the cart and Wm’s oxen and carried timber to E. Goodriches to be sawed for cart axletree and body.
13 Jun 1827 Today I am 36 yrs old
15 Jun 1827 Uncle Josiah Holcomb was buried today

Thursday, June 21, 1827: Today I took the single wagon and carried 17 pounds of cheese to Randal Brown’s store and traded it at seven pence per pound.

Friday, June 22: This morning some rainy. We made a lane and milk yard. I took the single wagon and went to Elijah Goodriches and paid one dol and 63 cts for two pigs, and this afternoon I carried my wife and Mother Spring to the Widow Booge’s on a visit, and then went with brother Wm. To Judah Rowley’s and he bought two pigs.

Wednesday, June 27: Today rainy. This afternoon we pealed hemlock bark in my swamp, and I. Newton helped.

Friday, June 29: Samuel and I plowed and hoed potatoes. Tonight brother Wm returned from troy on a petty jury. He has been gone all the week. On this morning I rode to the pool to John Bull’s and got three dol and 31 cts worth of cake to carry to sell to the wolf hunt, but there was a mistake. There was no hunt at present. Platt Wylie (Henry Platt Wyle son of John Wylie, Jr. and Betsey Platt) hoed for me this forenoon and I rode to Hancock and found out there was not wolf hunt.

Sunday, July 1: Today I took the wagon and carried my wife over to Dr. Graves and she had two teeth drawn, and I had one drawn. I paid him 12 cents, which was all he did ask. We then went to Cousin Samuel Holcomb’s and stayed until after tea. This evening I rode to Lebanon pool hill to J. Bull’s the baker’s to contrive about peddling the Fourth of July. I fetched one dol and 12 cents worth of cake home in addition to what I had.

Monday July 2, 1827: I called to the old Widow Morton’s with brother Wm and he bargained with Samuel Morton for that farm. Said Morton is to give him possession the first of April next, clear of all incumbrance and a lease from Stephen Van Rensselaer with the rent paid up and brother Wm pays him for the farm when he takes possession, which is twelve hundred and fifty dollars. This morning I rode down to the widow Booge’s and fetched home Mrs. Haskins to work for us as is before agreed, at sixty two and a half cts per week. Tonight I borrowed Mr. John Russel’s half barrel and we made nearly a barrel of small beer.

Tuesday: Today I borrowed Zach Chapman’s wagon and we went to the Shakers with both teams, oxen and cart and horse team, with 148 feet of Hemlock bark at three dol per cord, and one hind quarter of veal, 20 pounds, at three cts per pound, and it paid up a small note and the remainder I paid towards some shoe leather. I walked up to William Post’s the hatter, and got a hat that he had dressed over for my head 50 cts, charged to me. On the way going I was detained on account of a very great rain, and it is high water and did considerable damage.

Wednesday: I went to Pittsfield and peddled cider, beer and bull’s cake. I cleared nearly twelve dollars, I paid said Bull five dol for what I sold for him.

Thursday: We hoed in the garden and mended fence where the great rain washed it away, and this afternoon we took down the under pinning stone from the corner of the barn and this evening I rode over to my Rodgers farm and engaged brother Sylvester to come tomorrow and joint over our barn floor and today I took the cart and oxen and borrowed Mr. Hazard Morey’s screw to hoist the corner of our barn.

Friday: We underpinned the barn in a number of places and raised the corner with said screw, and sawed some posts and put under and brother Wm helped. I had the posts of him, two long ones and one short one, and today brother Sylvester worked for me a laying over part of the barn floor, and for the same I credit him seventy five cents towards his rent. On this day Philander P. Holcomb came on a visit from the City of New York on account of his health, on his way to his father’s to the westward.

Saturday: Garret Hires butchered a calf for me and I paid him in cider. This forenoon I took the single wagon and carried the Shakers 36 feet hemlock bark.

July 9, Monday: This forenoon I hilled corn and in the afternoon I began to now on my Rodgers farm on what is called the beaver meadow. This afternoon brother Wm took my mare and plowed out Amos Chapman’s potatoes, part of them, and I. Newton’s corn that they do plant on my land on shares, and said Chapman pays Wm in making a pair of shoes for Mother and I find the leather to answer against Wm getting them made.

Tuesday: He hayed on my Rodgers farm and finished the beaver meadow. I took the single wagon and carried my son George Pease to Doc Nost(?) and had his foot measured for a pair of shoes, and to Wm Post’s and had his head measured for a hat.

Wednesday: Today we hayed on my Rodgers farm, and this afternoon Wm rode my mare to the west part of this town and hired a boy by the name of Cleveland to work for three dollars and 50 cts and tonight I kept a dry goods Irish peddler and a Yankee peddler with books and print.

Thursday: On this day I rode to Dalton by way of Pittsfield and called on Doctor Right’s and I got a bundle of clothes that brother Wm’s wife’s sister left there. That was Lucretia Barnhart a little deranged, and travels from place to place. I called to Dalton today by a request of a letter from Miss Hannah Bassett for her mother, the widow Bassett, had died but a few days previous, and she wanted me to go to Lanesborough and see the poor masters about agreeing to take the widow Hannah Wheeler. I called to Mr. Young’s but did not make any bargain, for he wanted to see the other poor masters, and then he would send me word what they could give a week for me to board the old lady. I returned home through Hancock Village over the mountain by Potters, and it was nearly ten o’clock this evening when I returned home.

Saturday: I walked up to Doctor Allen Wos and got my son George Pease new shoes, and was charged 37 cents for the making. I called to Wm Post’s to see if my said boy’s hat was done but it was not. Today I took the single wagon and carried my wife and Mother Spring to Richmond to brother Jay Wylie’s on a visit.

Sunday: This afternoon my wife and I started for home and left Mother Spring with brother Jay a few days for a visit, we called at the Shakers to the foot of the mountain and they helped me nail on the skain of my wagon axletree, and we stopped some time to rest our two children, for George Pease was quite unwell. We called to Doctor Right’s and got two portions of calomel for him and then we called to Elem Tilden’s and paid 12 cts for two ounces of paregoric for our babe John Franklin.

Friday, July 27, 1827: We hayed on my Rodgers Farm but some rainy…on last evening brother Sylvester had a daughter born its weight was two pounds, (?) ounces.

Saturday morning I rode through this town and to Hancock Village to notify the people that Mr. Butler the Episcopalian priest from Troy wold preach tomorrow in the Presbyterian meetinghouse, and I rode to Lebanon to give said Butler notice that his appointment was accepted in this town.

Friday, August 3: We hayed on my Rodgers farm and brother Wm and his boy helped in the way of changing works. On this evening brother Sylvester’s child died, aged about one week.

Saturday: Today Wm and I dug a grave for Sylvester’s child, and we mowed a spell. This afternoon I took the wagon and carried my wife and family to the funeral of brother Sylvester’s child at his house. Elder Jones delivered a short sermon.

Friday, August 10: This morning I took the wagon and my wife went with me to Doctor Right’s and carried our son George Pease and got some medicine. Said child had a relapse.

September 8, 1827: Cousin Ira Humphrey lived in Lansingburgh.

Sunday, September 16: today Wm took the single wagon and went to Hoosic after his wife’s sister Meriah, some rainy.

Monday: This morning I rode over after Dr. Graves for brother Wm’s wife. Today she had a daughter born for her fifth child. Today Wm. Returned from Hoosic with his wife’s sister Meriah.

Tuesday: We gathered apples and ground apples, this afternoon rainy and tonight a very high wind.

Wednesday: Today I took the single wagon and carried Mr. Lewis the tailor the cloth, and was measured for a coat and pantaloons and left it to be cut out. I carried him three bushels of apples to pay him for same.

Saturday: We worked on the highway with the team and cart, myself and Samuel, and cart works my two days and Wm Post one day and brother Wm worked half a day and his oxen all day, which completes or second assessment.

Wednesday: I went to Pittsfield and peddled cake and cider. I do have said Bull’s cake. I made nearly five dollars.

Thursday: Today I took the single wagon and some cider and went to Cheshire Corners to training,. I made nearly five dollars.

Friday: This morning I took the single wagon and went over to my Rodgers farm and pulled up my few beans…this afternoon I peddled cider and cake to Lebanon meeting house to officer training. I called to Mr. Lewis and got my coat and pantaloons that he has cut out from me.
Monday October 1, 1927: Today I took the single wagon and went to Canaan peddling cake and cider. I cleared five dollars.

Tuesday: I went peddling cake and cider and pies at Brainard’s Bridge. I cleared about seven dol.

Wednesday: Today I went to Pittsfield to cattle show peddling. I carried four dollars worth of Whitings and Rosses cake from Greenbush and two dollars 12 cents worth of J. Bull’s of Lebanon, and sold out and 20 gal of cider. I cleared eight dollars.

Thursday: I returned to Pittsfield peddling with a chest of Bull’s cake and half a barrel of cider. I sold out. I cleared about nine dollars today.

Thursday, October 11: Carted two loads of cider to H. Platt’s still, six casks each. I got two gal of cider brandy towards my brandy that I am having stilled. Tonight I went to our annual school meeting.

Saturday, October 13: We gathered apples. Tonight we ground apples for cider. I paid my school bill to brother Wm, as he is one of the trustees. My schooling for this summer for two children is one dol and fifty two cts.

Saturday, October 20: Today I took the single wagon and carried my wife’s sister Hannah Twichel to Troy and got a passage for her on a Canal boat. She is to pay one cent per. I crossed over into West Troy to see Mr. James Landon about his paying me up a note which was the remainder for a pair of fat cattle, but he was not at home, and I was informed by his neighbors that he was broke down and stopped business. I returned into Troy and left said not with the City Collector. Mr. Wilson. I stayed tonight to a tavern opposite Price’s tavern.

Sunday, October 21: This morning I paid my bill was 19 cts and today I came home. My gate fee was 29 cts and my bill was ten cts for wine going and I paid 23 cts for cider to Woodward’s and I fetched home with me a 14 year old by the name of Hosnocker, and if both parties is suited, I keep her this winter and school her only enough to have her living.

Tuesday: Today I took the wagon and my wife and I went to the Shakers, went there and asked them to give Mrs. Polly Hasket some things to keep house with. We consider the said Shakers is indebted to her for her work there all her days, but they would give her nothing, because they said Mr. Hasket had abused them. Tonight we husked corn a spell.

Wednesday: We gathered apples and ground some apples this evening.

Thursday: We gathered some apples and we made cider, and this evening we made cider. Today my wife took the wagon and rode to Hancock to Rodman Hazard’s. On this day cold and some snowy. This morning Mr. Wm Haskett went to Lebanon to shoemaking and took the leather to make Samuel a pair of shoes and mend mine towards his board and we reckoned for his board up to now, which was three dol and reckoned with his wife for her work to now, which was ten weeks work for spinning, washing, and milking at 62 cts per week excepting one week’s pay in apples at eight cts per bushel that week. She dried apples for us that she has her pay in apples and the rest of the time she washes one day in a week and milks for her board.

Sunday, October 28, 1827: Today I took the single wagon and carried my wife and sister Eleanor to Elder Jones meeting house to the funeral of old Mr. Jeremiah Landon and said Jones preached. On the way home we were stopped at Calvin Carpenter’s to see the sight of the son of Benj. Carpenter’s son Henry that was hurt by a horse running away and turning the wagon over. He was badly jammed.

Thursday, Nov. 1: This morning I told Mr. John Russell that I had a pile of wood to the school house and that wood I should not make use of there as he was going to work round said school house. I told him not to meddle with it nor let on one lese, but as near as I can find out he and others cut up my wood and put it into said school house and put a lock on the door, all this for what purpose I know not.

Wednesday, November 7: today quite stormy, snow and rain. This morning Henry Carpenter died with a wound from falling from the wagon on Sunday the 28th of last month. Said boy had his skull broken in and Doctor Batcheler transpanned him. He was wounded mortally otherwheres about the head.

Thursday: Today I took the single wagon and carried my wife and Mother Holcomb and Miriam Newton to the funeral of Henry Carpenter, the son of Benj, Carpenter. A sermon was preached by Elder Jones at the Seventh Day meeting house.

Friday: I carried my children to school and I chopped and knocked up old wood in my wood on the hill, and I took on a load onto my horse sled and broke down in the woods, and I took off the horses and came home. This evening, tonight my son George P. was quite restless with a stoppage on the lung.

Saturday: I began to help brother Wm kill hogs, but I was called home and went after Dr. Graves. Tonight I sat up with my son George Pease, he continued quite sick, a stoppage in the stomach.

Sunday: Tonight my son quite restless, I went to Dr. Graves and I got more medicine, for he continues distressed at the stomach.

Monday: Today I carried my children to school and we laid up rail fence round the orchard and turned our swine into said orchard and we took Wm’s ox team and we got down the broken sled and two loads of wood, and at night I took the wagon and rode over to Dr. Graves and got more medicine for my child, but we did not give it tonight, for the child was a little better.

Monday, November 12, 1827: I took the single wagon and carried my two daughters and brother Wm’s daughter to school to the school house near the Presbyterian meeting house. Mr. George Glass teaches the school. I send there from our own district on account of our trustees being willful and hiring a teacher that the voice of the district was not in favor of. Said trustees names were Solomon Carpenter and Joshua B. Maxon, and their teacher’s name’s Benj. Mattison.
Today Mr. Haskett moves his goods and clothing and all his concerns from my house. I charge him with half a bushel potatoes.

November 18, 1827: Elder Jones was married to Harriet. He was 33 and had 5 children

Tuesday, November 27, 1827: (In the prior installment, George’s son George Pease was unwell.) This morning I carried my children to school, and I cleaned the barn floor and Samuel began to thresh oats. Tonight Garrett Hires had my bay mare to go after the doctor for his wife.

Wednesday: I carried my children to school and I sorted some corn in the crib and we made barnyard fences. Tonight my son is more unwell and stopped to in the stomach and I was broke of my rest.

Thursday: Today I carried and fetched my children to school. Today some snow and rain. I mended our horse sled and I borrowed a vial of oil of Castor, for my child continued stopped at the stomach. We gave the medicine, or part of it, to said child.

Friday: Today quite rainy. We took off a cider cheese and we helped cider, and I went over to brother I. Newton’s and he went with me up into Elder Matthew Jones’ lot and we got slippery elm bark for to make drink for my child. I returned home and found my child more distressed for breathing and we was more alarmed. I was getting ready to go for Doctor Graves and Doctor Tanner was passing. I called in in to see the child and he told us the cild had the rattles and it was his opinion that it was past cure. He left a little blister plaster to apply if Doctor Graves failed. This evening I had brother Wm go after Doctor Graves and he came and stayed all night.

Saturday, December 1: This morning our child was not any better. I sent brother Wm after Doctor Right for council for Doctor Graves, for my child continues to be more sick, but said Right was not to home and he returned and I went after him about ten this morning, after him about ten this morning, but he had come home and gone again, and I returned home and about two this afternoon I went again after Right and found him to home, and he found my child very sick, but not of the rattles as Tanner said. He powerfully operated on the child, a puking and phisicing and releaved him shortly of the distress and said the complaint was on the lungs. Tonight sister Eleanor and Aseneth Newton watched.

Sunday: This morning before day, Right and Graves both came to doctor said child, but child complaint in the stomach and I rode to Elem Tilden’s and paid 75 cts for a bottle of castor oil, Seneca, and three cts for six crackers. I called to Doctor Right’s and got his pipe to give injections, and today Graves called down from meeting to see said child, and tonight we were quite frightened about the child, and we got Frederick Russell to go after Right and Platt Wylie after Graves. Tonight Polly Bailey watches with our child. Today brother Wm took my sorrel mare and the single wagon and went to Hoosic.

Monday: This morning Doctor Right and Doctor Graves both me to my house and consulted together about doctoring my child and and Right left it in the hands of Graves. The child is easier than it was last night. They do agree to continue puking and phisicing said child, to release the lungs, and this forenoon I walked over to Rensselaer Joles and borrowed a pipe to give injections. I tended to chores and made a pair of boar posts and cut wood. At night I went up to Mr. Champman’s and got their hired girl to come and watch. Her name is Permelia Casey.

Tuesday: This morning said Doctor Graves called to my child. He says the complaint is removed.

Wednesday: Wm and I finished our barn yards and tonight Aseneth Newton watched with my child. Today Dr Graves called and said we must brace up the child and he should stop giving medicine.

19 Dec 1827 Rockman Pierce died. Funeral on 21st at Elder Jones meetinghouse, Elder Taggot preached

Sunday, December 23: Today I took the cutter and carried my wife to the funeral of one Mr. Powell, he died on Monday night it is expected, in the snow storm. He was intoxicated and on his way home from the store with a jug of rum. Elder Jones preached his funeral at the schoolhouse in Goodrich Hollow, but sermon was out before we got there. Today cousin widow Nelly Holcomb and her son called to see if we would take her daughter to work for her board and go to school.

Monday: I carried my children to school and drew wood from my Rodgers Farm. Tonight I started to go to see the widow Nelly Holcomb to let her know that she might send her girl and we would take her as proposed. I sent word by her son without going any further. Tonight we kept a trunk peddler, and paid us in pins and thread.

Thursday: Today some stormy. I tended to chores and chopped wood to the door, and we, brother Wm and I,. tended to dividing our sheep. We had to divide our sheep over again on account of the marks getting rubbed off.

Friday: I called down to the Shakers to David Munson’s and paid one dol and 61 cts for five pounds of ¾ of shoe leather. I called into J. Gold’s store and exchanged 21 dol Vermont money for Albany, Troy, and Pittsfield money. Some rainy.

Saturday: I called to Samuel Holcomb’s to see if the widow Nelly Holcomb was going to let me have her little girl to help us, as has been talked, but she has engaged her elsewhere. On the way I called to H. Platt’s store and paid ten cents for my wife a small hair comb.

Thursday, January 10, 1828: We chopped and piled wood in my Rodgers swamp. On this morning Miss Alma Booge died. She has been for months unwell with bloating, and died at last with quick consumption.

Friday: Today my wife and I waked down to the widow Booge’s to the funeral of Alma Booges. Mr. Silas Churchill preached. I went up Goodrich Hollow in Hancock to Gideon Martin’s to engage money to borrow to make out a payment to brother Wm the first of April for land, but I did not engage any for a certainty. I called to Henry Stanton and got the promise of three hundred dollars the first of April next.

Thursday, January 24: Today I took the cutter and carried my wife and Mother Holcomb to Hazard Morey’s to the funeral of Old Mrs. Morey, her age 89 years. A Quaker from Adams preached and today Mr. Sylvester Gardner was married to Miss Alma Russell by Elder Jones, and this evening Mr. John Hatch to Miss Lecta Tyler, and tonight I walked over to H. Platt’s store and left my tax money and brother Wm’s with said Platt to hand to the said collector Mittle according to his orders. Our taxes were five dol and 80 cts, and brother Wm’s taxes were one dol and 88 cts.

February 2, 1828: Today Mrs. Hill, the wife of Joseph Hill was fetched from Nassau and buried at the Presbyterian meetinghouse. They once lived in this town and have children there(age 59, Mercy Hill, died 31 Jan, m/ Joseph Hill)

4 Feb 1828 Morgan Brown was buried. He died with the consumption

5 Feb 1828 Funeral of Loretta, dau of Joseph Russell at Presb. Meetinghouse. Sermon preached by Elder Jones. She was 18 yrs old. They lived to the westward and she was fetched to Albany for her health and she died with the consumption and then fetched on to this town to be buried with her connections

Wednesday, February 6, 1828: Today I am unwell, with a pain in my head. Today I went up to Mr. John Russel’s and Doc Bacholer from Pittsfield came and cut out a wen or substance from near the end of my second finger on my left hand, on the inside of said finger, which was very painful in taking it our and scraping the bone, and I paid him one dollar for the job, and tonight I took the single wagon and fetched my children from school. Tonight my finger was some painful.

Thursday: I was quite unwell and I took physic and my lame finger kept me confined to wetting it in spirits and water. Tonight Hiram Spring stayed with us.

Friday: Elijah Hatch buried his oldest daughter. She died with the measles. Today I kept confined to the house with my lame finger and some unwell.

Monday: Today I walked to Richmond to brother Jay Wylie’s to see if he was getting the money, five hundred dollars to lend me the first of April. He agreed to get the money by that time. On the way I called to Mr. Dewey’s to let him know that Henry Stanton wanted his money by the first of April.

Tuesday: February 12: On this day I bought brother Wm’s half of the single wagon with the pleasure box and lumber box and the chairs that we used in said boxes and one cushion that belonged to it, likewise his half of the cutter, and his half of the double and single harness to have a pair of single whiffletrees and the two set of trace chains with said harness, and for the same I gave a set of single wagon on wheels 12 dol delivered at Samuel Holcomb’s shop, and my half of the cast plow, 2 dol and 50 cts for my half of the horse collar, and I paid him five dol and 50 cts to the Shakers in harness leather, and I paid him three dollars in cash, and one dol remains unpaid yet, which makes 24 dol that I pay him for his half of the before-mentioned articles, calling said wagon 25 dol and cutter 12 dol and harnesses 11 dols.

Thursday: I walked up to Squ. Gideon Martin’s to see if he was intended to lend me money this spring. He gave me encouragement. I borrowed a book of his, Mary Dyre’s writings against the Shakers. Hiram Spring stays with us tonight.

Friday: In the forenoon I piled up wood to the door and then I put both yoke of my steers on with Wm’s oxen to brake them, and went with him into the swamp and got a load of wood for Mother.

Monday: This morning our Governor died. DeWitt Clinton died in a fit, if I get the information right.

Wednesday, February 27, 1828: Today a thaw and rainy. I mended my horse sled and then I took the cutter and carried my wife and daughter Charlotte to Hancock village and traded to Gregory’s and Hadsells.

Thursday: On this evening Hiram Hastings, brother Sylvester, and I. Newton made us a short visit, and said Hastings planed off the corners of my wife’s bureau drawers, or the bottoms, to make them slide in easier. This morning Squ. James Sweet died.

Friday: I tended to chores and some unwell and the rest of my family unwell, with colds. Tonight I called to make the widow Landers a short visit.

Sunday: This evening I walked to the post office to Nathan Howard’s and took out a letter from my wife’s sister Hannah Twichel in Cincinnati, Ohio, price 25 cents, and I paid one cent for a Cincinnati newspaper sent. Said Howard lent me a Freemasons Monitor. Today snowy and tonight rainy.

Monday: Today Gideon Barnhart helped me cut a walnut and he works it into ax helves, and we draw it the remainder for wood. I tired to shave ox bows, but I did not make any.

Tuesday: I took the horse team and sled and fetched a load of hay from my Rodgers barn, and drew a load of wood or walnut limbs off the hill and then we drew out manure with our oldest steers.

Monday: Today we took our sheep over to my Rodgers barn and I. Newton agreed to fodder and stable and take care of the lambs for the privilege of his sheep to run with mine and he foddered of my hay until grass.

Wednesday: I walked to the southwest part of Lebanon to Mr. Davis’ the plowmaker to make a bartering trade for a plow, but could not. On the way I called to Cousin J. Eggleston’s and to C. Moffitt’s store.

Friday: I am quite unwell with a lame back.

Saturday: I am unwell today. A snow storm. This afternoon I walked over to C. Moffitt’s store and paid in cash 24 cts for half a gallon of molasses, and I bought a plow of Mr. Moses DeGraw. The plow was made by David, it is gypson’s pattern. I have paid him 50 cts in cash, and gave a due bill for three bushels of corn and eight gallons of cider brandy for said plow. He called said plow six dollars.
Sunday, March 17, 1828: Today I took the double sleigh and carried my wife and Mother and Hannah and Mary Basset to the Presbyterian meeting. One Mr. Beech preached.

Monday: This forenoon I walked over to Gideon martin’s to see if he was going to get the money to lend me as he before gave me encouragement. He now tells me that I can have it by the first of April. I likewise called on Henry Stanton. He had three hundred dollars on hand, and agreed to keep it for me until April, and says if I want it then he will lend it to me. This afternoon I cut an ash in my swamp that had turned up for the sled runners, and we cut up some hemlock brush. Tonight we shelled corn.

Saturday, March 29: We got home from Troy this morning at four o’clock. Our expense was one dollar and eight cents. We bated but once coming home. I am unwell, but this afternoon I walked to Richmond and borrowed three hundred dollars of Brother Fred Jay Wylie, and gave my note on interest for one year, payable in current bank bills. I took tea there. I then walked home.

Sunday: On this evening I walked down to said Cousin Broads to see if his Father would lend me money, but he would not.

Monday: This morning I walked over to Henry Stanton’s and borrowed three hundred dollars payable in six months incurrent bank bills. Likewise I borrowed thirty dollars of Henry Curtis payable in one year in current bank bills and from Stanton’s I went to Gideon Martin’s and borrowed one hundred dollars and gave my note for one year, and from there I went to Elijah Goodrich’s and gave my note to Lydia Stone for nine dollars in specie payable in one year. I then came to Adam Brown’s and sold him my four year old steers for fifty dollars, and paid me the cash, and he lent me fifty dollars payable in one year.

Wednesday, April 2: Today brother Wm and I walked to Pittsfield. He borrowed eighty dollars of the widow Hannah Buh and I signed the note with him. The money was all in specie. I went into the bank and gave nearly two hundred dollars Stockbridge bills for their bills. I then paid brother Wm eight hundred and thirty one dollars in Pittsfield bills and took a credit.


There are many burying grounds in and around Stephentown. Some are found in backyards, some are found right alongside the road. When you see one of these old burying grounds, it makes you think back to what that place must have looked like many decades ago, when a person was buried on his own property. Some of these cemeteries are in relatively good shape, considering how old they are and others are in terrible condition, with the stones broken and many times, they can’t be read. That is particularly sad, because that stone is the last marker in a person’s life – recognition that they existed and were remembered by those who loved them. In many of these burying grounds, people have long since stopped bringing flowers or even visiting, but for the occasional genealogist.

There are several cemeteries still in use, such as Garfield, Stephentown Baptist, St. Joseph’s, Hillside, and East Nassau, but there are many more scattered throughout the town, which have been abandoned for many reasons.

In 1976, the Stephentown Historical Society began to record the information on all the gravestones in town. Unfortunately some were already unreadable. Since then a 1903 report on the Stephentown Cemetery (aka Baptist Cemetery) has become available for the New England Historic Genealogical Society. This recording provided much information unavailable in the 1976 study. The Stephentown Historical Society has worked on making rubbings on Pellon of all the old slate and marble gravestones in town to preserve their records against the depredations of acid rain and pollution.
The tombstone gives the name and dates of birth and death, with an occasional epitaph. The Historical Society has recorded all of this information (including the cemetery name) on 3 x 5 cards. They have named this cross-referenced file LIVING GRAVESTONES. In additional to the above information, all available records from schools, Justices of the Peace, assessors, censuses, morticians, deeds, indentures, legal papers, letters and photographs have been recorded on over 28,000 cards, creating a tribute to and a record of our past residents and making this evergrowing record LIVING GRAVESTONES (from Epitaphs in the Only Stephentown on Earth by Elizabeth W. McClave).

I have had the privilege of spending time in the Heritage Center and looking up my ancestors in this collection of cards. It is an impressive collection and represents a massive effort on the part of volunteers to make sure that the heritage of the town and the legacy of its past residents, is preserved. I feel very sure that the genealogy and history of Stephentown will not be lost, thanks to the vast efforts of a few very dedicated people in the Stephentown Historical Society and their volunteers at the Stephentown Heritage Center.

The History of Rensselaer County by Nathaniel Bartlett Sylvester (published in 1880) has a chapter devoted to the town of Stephentown. In that chapter, Mr. Sylvester tell us

The old Baptist cemetery, on the hill back of Stephentown village, is one of the oldest in the town and contains the remains of many of the first settlers of the town. It was probably laid out about the time of the formation of the church or in 1795 or 1796. Among the stones still standing in the yard are those of Rufus Sweet, died April 11, 1850, aged eighty-four; Rev. Matthew Jones, died April 18, 1855, aged seventy-five years; Elnathan Sweet, died Sept. 25, 1819, in his seventy-third year; Benjamin Douglas, died August 18, 1842, aged forty-six years; Dr. Joshua Griggs, died Jan. 6, 1813, aged forty-three years; Deacon Azrikam Pierce, died Jan. 27, 1803, in the eightieth year of his age; Caleb Saunders, died June 16, 1825, in his seventy-fifth year; Ezekiel Sheldon, died March 1, 1811; Maj. Daniel Brown, died Oct. 24, 1837, aged eighty-four years.The yard also contains many interesting inscriptions. Some of these can be found on the page dedicated to the Stephentown Baptist Cemetery.

Besides these cemeteries there are a number of others in the town, many of which are owned by individual families. The cemetery at West Stephentown is very ancient, and contains the remains of many of the earliest settlers of that locality in the towns of Nassau and Stephentown.

Stephentown Cemetery map

Map Number Name of Cemetery Years in Use Known Graves
1 Adams 1784-1820 4
2 Arnold Babcock 1803-1870 9
3 Bailey 1834-1898 11
4.  Bennett  1832-1885 12
5.  Berry  1803-1873 5
6.  Bishop  1843-1863 4
7.  Bligh  1795-1838 9
8.  Boardman #1  1770-1810  5
9.  Boardman #2  1795-1864  13
10.  Brainard #2  1813-1860  7
11.  Brockway  1817-1867
12.  Brown  5
13.  Carpenter  1776-1906  60
14.  Chapman  1808-1873  4
15.  Calvin Cole  No Dates  50
16.  Cranston  1847-1947  15
17.  Denison  1773-1920  56
18.  East Nassau  1841-present  770
19.  Eddy  1828-1876  10
20.  Farrington  1846-1873  9
21.  Fellows  1813-1904  26
22.  Garfield  1796-present  877
23.  Greenman Hill  1793-1892  34
24.  Greenman  1801-1813  10
25. Gardner, upper
Gardner, lower (see #64)
Gardner, slave (see #62)
Goodrich (see #68) 1789-1813 4
26. Harrington 1832-1867 3
27. Harris #1 1790-1837 5
28. Harris #2 1763-1846 2
29. Hillside 1817-present 890
30. Hoxsie-Odell 1811-1871 18
31. Huntington #1 1832-1897 7
32. Huntington #2 1840-1893 24
33. James Johnson 1795-1845 3
34. Kittle Knobloch Launt 1803-1920 75
35. Leonard 1808-1840 4
36. Moon Orphan Gravestone 1806-1830 5
37. Presbyterian 1776-1929 176
38. Reynolds 1785-1829 7
39. Rogers #1
Rogers #2 1785-1864 10
40. Root 1795-1923 39
41. Rose #1
Rose #2 1787-1838 10
42. Sacred Heart 1882-1923 6
43. St. Joseph’s 1896-present 245
44. Senter 1970-present 3
45. Shaw #1
Shaw #2 1783-1826 20
46. Sheldon 1782-1828 10
47. Stephentown aka Baptist Cemetery 1787-present 683
48. Stephentown Center Baptist 1806-1886 74
49. Strait 1816-1940 36
50. Tayer #1 1858-1858 1
51. Tayer #2 1847-1882 25
52. Tifft 1807-1910 40
53. Tinley Weatherby (see #66) Webster (see #60) 1847-1887 9
54. Wilcox 1827-1899 5
55. Winston 1786-1838 6
56A. Wylie 1751-1876 10
56B Wylie 1795-1883 5
57. Babcock 1793-1797 13
58. Rogers #2 1791-1791 2
59. Knobloch No markers 3
60. Webster 1831-1831 1
61. Reynolds Slave No Dates 6
62. Gardner Slave No markers 5
63. Launt No markers 5
64. Gardner, lower No markers 4
65. Little Jack 1926-1926 1
66. Weatherby No Dates 2
67. Brown 1893-1893 2
68. Goodrich No markers 5
69. Johnson No markers 1
70. Harrington #2 No markers 3
71. Sutherland No markers 3
72. Taplin Pond No markers 2
73. Sprague No markers 2
74. Shaw #2 No markers 6
75. Brainard #2 No markers 2 graves were relocated to Hillside Cemetery
76. Rose #3 No markers 6?
77. Williams Road ? 2
78. Rose #2 No markers 10?

The following pages contain transcriptions of some of the small cemeteries in Stephentown. The original database, which contains some 93,000 names, is housed on the Rensselaer County site. It was contributed by Don & Clare Radz, from Cemetery Sleuths. This database includes all of the towns in Rensselaer County. To help with Stephentown research, Tina transcribed burials in the smaller, family owned cemeteries.

Mayflower Families – Stephen Hopkins

Some Stephentown Descendants of Stephen Hopkins Passenger of the Mayflower

Stephen Hopkins (1580-1644) married Constance Dudley (1580-1610) 09 May 1599 in London, England.

Constance Hopkins (1605-16 Oct 1677) married Nicholas Snow (25 Jan 1599-15 Nov 1676) 1627 in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

Mary Snow (1630-28 Apr 1704) married Thomas Paine (d. Aug 1706) 1650 in Eastham, Massachusetts.

Elisha Paine (10 Mar 1658-07 Feb 1735) married Rebecca Doane (12 May 1668-19 Dec 1758) 20 Jan 1685 in Eastham, Massachusetts.

Rebecca Paine (1690-Feb 1784) married Edward Cleveland, Jr. (Feb 1686-03 Nov 1771) 17 Apr 1716 in Kingstown, Rhode Island.

Rebecca Cleveland(b. 16 Mar 1719) married Daniel Brown, Lt. (b. 07 Jan 1724) 11 May 1748 in Canterbury, CT

Daniel Brown, Major (18 Jul 1753-24 Oct 1837) married Martha Rogers (24 Mar 1761-29 Mar 1813) 20 Jan 1780 in Stephentown, NY

Daniel Brown (21 Jun 1781-15 Mar 1826) married Huldah Tanner ( 12 Jan 1783-16 Oct 1853) 1801 in Stephentown, NY

Martha R. Brown (23 Sep 1808-16 Feb 1870) married Ralph Rose (23 Feb 1809-31 Mar 1886) 26 Apr 1832 in Stephentown, NY

Henry Arthur Rose (03 Nov 1836-14 Mar 1885) married Amanda Sheldon (03 Apr 1837-03 Mar 1923) 20 Mar 1862 in Stephentown, NY

Arthur Henry Rose (03 Mar 1864-22 Mar 1945) married Esther Sarah Daboll (13 Apr 1863-10 Oct 1929) 31 Dec 1887 in Stephentown, NY

Henry Arthur Rose (13 May 1890-27 Aug 1961) married Edith May Saxby (09 Jul 1898-11 May 1936) 05 Oct 1819 in Averill Park, NY

Floyd Saxby Rose (9 Jan 1921-24 Jan 1984) married Agnes Florence Smith (20 Apr 1927-17 Jul 1953) 17 Oct 1948 in Lyons, NY

Lynne Edith Rose (b. 27 Jul 1949)

Mayflower Famlies – Lucy Doty

1. Edward Doty (MAYFLOWER PASSENGER) m. Faith Clarke

Child of Edward Doty and Faith Clarke:

2. Joseph Doty m. Deborah Ellis in 1673 Sandwich, Barnstable, Massr

Child of Joseph and Deborah:

3. John Doten (Doty) m. Elizabeth

Child of John and Elizabeth:

4. Samuel b. 1715; d. 1784 Amenia, Dutchess, NY; m. Zerviah Lovell

Children of Samuel and Zerviah:

5. Reuben b. 1745 Wareham, Plymouth Co., Ma.; d. 1819 Pike, Wyoming, NY; m. Hannah Delano on November 14, 1765 Knobloes Church, Amenia, Dutchess, NY

6. Lucy b. December 27, 1751 Sharon, CT; d. August 29, 1838 Rome, NY; m. Eleazer Morton

Child of Reuben and Hannah:

7. Leonard Doty b. 1773 Amenia, Dutchess Co., NY; d. 1816


Eleazer Morton 1752-January 5, 1813 (60y10m) husband of Lucy Doty, a descendant of Edward Doty of the Mayflower

s/o Deborah Morton Morton

d/o Ebenezer Morton

s/o Mary Ring m. ____ Morton

d/o Deborah m. _____ Ring

d/o Stephen Hopkins

Letter Testamentary Granted on the will of George Arnold, deceased, 1829

Letter Testamentary Granted on the will of George Arnold, deceased.

Recorded June 6th, 1829

The People of the State of New York by the grace of God Free and Independent L.L. To all whom these presents shall come or may concern ? Greeting, Know Ye. That at the City of Troy in the County of Rensselaer, on the fifth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty nine before Philip Viele, Esquire. Surrogate of our said county, the last Will and Testament of George Arnolds late of the town of Stephentown in the County of Rensselaer and State of New York deceased, ( a copy where of is hereunto annexed, was proved and is now approved and sealed by us; and the said deceased having whilst he lived and at time of his death, goods chattels and Credits and also the auditing allowing and final discharging the account thereof doth belong to us, the administration of all and singular the Goods, Chattels and Credits of the said deceased and any way concerning his will is granted unto Simon Arnold and Elijah Arnold the Executors in the said Will named there. Being first duly sworn will and faithfully to administer the same and to make and exhibit a true and perfect inventory of all and singular the said Goods, Chattels and Credits and also to render a first and true account thereof when thereunto required. In testimony whereof we have caused the seal of Office of our said Surrogate to Be hereunto affixed. Witness Philip Viele, Esquire, Surrogate of the said county at the said City of Troy, the fifth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty nine.
Philip Viele

In the name of God Amen, I George Arnold of the town of Stephentown in the County of Renesslaer and State of New York considering the uncertainty of this mortal life and
being of sound mind memory, blessed be Almighty God for the same. Do make and publish this my last will and testament in manner and form following. That is to say First.
I give unto my eldest son, Gorton Arnold my message or tenement situated lying and being in the town of West Greenwich in the County of Kent and State of Rhode Island
Together with one hundred dollars to have and to hold the same to him his heirs and assigns forever. I give unto my son, Benjamin Arnold, Five dollars. I give unto by son
Joseph H. Arnold, five dollars. I give unto my son, George Anson Arnold, five Dollars. I Give unto my sons, Simon Arnold and Elijah Arnold equally all the rest and remainder
of my real estate to them their heirs and assigns forever with all my personal estate except three beds the best and nine ? the best also some iron ware and the furniture in the North room and north bedrooms except the desk and a few ? to my daughter Minerva to be hereafter mentioned. I give to my daughter Telpha Taylor Fifty Dollars. I give to
my daughter Freelove Thomas fifty dollars. I give to my daughter Mary Whitman one hundred dollars. I give to my daughter Mighty Briggs one hundred dollars. I give my
daughter Alsey Fords twenty five dollars. I give to my daughter Elizabeth Reynolds twenty five dollars. To my daughter Minerva Reynolds three the best beds and bedding
furniture and the following named iron ware One pailful pot, two dish kittles, tea kittle and also one brass kittle the smallest and all the furniture in the north room and north bedroom except the desk and large chest and a privilege to live in the house during the time she is remaining single. I give to by grandson George A. Taylor, two hundred dollars. Lastly as to all the rest and residence and remainder of my personal estate, chattels of what name or nature soever I give to my sons Simon and Elijah Arnold who I hereby order to pay all ? given by this mill all by honest debts and funeral charges and the legacies to be paid in one year after my decease. And to hereby appoint my sons Simon and Elijah Arnold the Executors of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all former wills by me made. In witness whereof I have hereunto set by hand and seal at
Stephentown, twelfth day of May in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty six.

George Arnold, L.S. (signed by him)

Signed, Sealed Published and delivered by the above named George Arnold to be his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who have hereby subscribed our names as
witnesses in the presence of Testator.

Eldred Bentley, John Moon, Elijah Graves.

Levi Culver

Generation 1

Levi Culver was born in Connecticut in 1772; he died February 5, 1862 in Stephentown, NY. He was the son of Moses Culver and Molly Hardknight.
He married Lydia Train, who was born in Massachusetts in 1781; she died November 3, 1866 in Stephentown, NY. Both are buried in the Hillside Cemetery in West Stephentown, NY.

Children of Levi Culver and Lydia Train:

1. Abigail E. b. 1798 in Stephentown, NY; died July 30, 1872 in Stephentown, NY; m. Amasa Bailey, who was born February 24, 1794; d. 1877 in Stephentown, NY. They are buried in Sand Lake, NY. No children appeared on the 1850 or 1855 Nassau, NY census.
2. Son b. about 1800
3. Permelia b. August 5, 1800 in Stephentown, NY; d. September 1, 1877 in Point Douglas, Minnesota; married Amos James in Stephentown, NY
4. Lydia b. 1802; d. 1823; married Sprague Tifft; b. 1800; d. 1896 in Stephentown, NY
5. Hannah m. Hiram Worden
6. Levi Culver, Jr. b. December 29, 1804; d. August 1, 1868 in Stephentown, NY; m. Betsey Chapman about 1829 in Stephentown, NY; b. January 3, 1808; d. October 8, 1871 in Stephentown.


Generation 2

Permelia Culver was b. August 5, 1800 in Stephentown, NY; d. September 1, 1877 in Point Douglas, Minnesota; m. Amos James in Stephentown, NY

Children of Permelia Culver and Amos James:

1. Mortimer b. February 5, 1830; m. Ellen Hayes, b. March 3, 1829; d. April 23, 1885. They married on August 5, 1848. Mortimer died March 29, 1912.
2. William b. 1833
3. Louisa b. 1835; m. Henry Hayes; d. 1933
4. Thomas E. b. January 24, 1839
5. Hubbard b. 1841

Lydia Culver b. August 1802; she married Sprague Tifft, on January 10, 1822. He was born 1800 and died 1896. Lydia, d. 1823 and is buried in Nassau/Tifft cemetery, Nassau, NY. Following her death, Sprague married again, to Sophia Watson, by whom he had at least three children, Erastus D.; Samuel; and Sprague W. None of them lived to even early childhood, the oldest dying at age 3 years.

Children of Lydia Culver and Sprague Tifft

1. Lydia Ann, probably b. 1823. She was brought up by Lydia’s parents, Levi and Lydia and was provided for in Levi’s will. She married Leander Daboll.

Levi Culver, Jr. was born December 29, 1804 in Stephentown; d. August 1, 1868 in Stephentown, at 63y7m29d and is buried in Hillside Cemetery. He married Betsey Chapman, who was born January 3, 1808; d.

October 8, 1871 in Stephentown and is also buried in Hillside Cemetery.

Children of Levi Culver, Jr. and Betsey Chapman

1. James was b. 1830 and d. 1900. He married Ashsah Ann Adams, who was b. 1833 and d. 1890.
2. Levi William b. 1834
3. David T. b. March 1836
4. Benjamin T. b. February 17, 1842; d. April 6, 1920. He married Hannah M. Kittle.
5. Elias Crouch b. June 24, 1844; d. July 28, 1863 at 18y11m4d. He died in the Civil War.

Hannah Culver m. Hiram Worden, who was a merchant in Nassau, Rensselaer County, NY. Hannah was living with her husband in Cayuga County, New York in 1862, according to Levi senior’s will.

Children of Hannah Culver and Hiram Worden

1. Gilbert b. 1840
2. Culver b. 1842
3. Silas b. 1846

Generation 3

Mortimer D. James was born February 5, 1830 in Stephentown, NY; he married Ellen Hayes on August 5, 1848. She was b. on March 3, 1829. Mortimer died on March 12, 1912.

Children of Mortimer D. James and Ellen Hayes

1. Amos b. November 8, 1851

Louisa Permelia James born 1835 in Stephentown, NY; d. January 16, 1933 in Stephentown, buried in Garfield Cemetery. She married Henry Hayes on July 3, 1853 in Stephentown, NY. Henry was born on May 1, 1833 in Nassau, NY; d. April 2, 1922 in Stephentown, NY

Children of Louisa James and Henry Hayes

1. Elisha; lived in Pownal, Vt.
2. Eunice Lydia b. January 1, 1856 in Stephentown, NY; d. September 8, 1938 in Stephentown; m. Frederick Houghtling January 1, 1876 in Stephentown.
3. Elsie Permillie b. June 9, 1869 in Stephentown; d. June 8, 1946 in Stephentown. She married #1 Simon Wager, who was b. in 1843 and d. in 1919 and #2 Elmer Evans. She was buried in Garfield Cemetery on June 10, 1946. She was widowed at the time according to her death certificate and had lived in Stephentown for 45 years. She was 76y11m29d at the time of her death.
4. Laura died young, according to her mother’s obituary

Generation 4

Lydia Ann Tifft, b. January 20, 1823 d. October 7, 1868, buried in Hillside Cemetery, Stephentown, NY. She married Leander O. Daboll, son of George W. and Angeline O’dell. After the death of her mother, Lydia Ann was raised by her grandparents, Levi and Lydia. She was allowed for in Levi’s will. Leander was b. February 4, 1819; d. January 31, 1892.

Children of Lydia Ann Tifft and Leander O. Daboll

1. George O. b. April 2, 1841; d. April 21, 1895, buried in Hillside Cemetery, Stephentown. Married Margaret White.
2. Wilmot C b. 1848; m. Sarah L. Carrier, who was born on October 5, 1850 and died June 27, 1872, at 22y8m23d. She was the daughter of John G. Carrier and Nancy Carrier.

James Culver b. 1830; d. 1900. He married Ashsah Ann Adams, who was b. 1833 and d. 1890. They were both born in Rensselaer County, NY. In 1875, James was living in Stephentown.
James had two children who died young, Samantha L. b. 1854; d. 1859 and Manville b. 1856 d. 1859. Samantha died October 29, 1859 and is buried in Hillside Cemetery. There was an Elizabeth, age 8 in the 1860 and age 12 in 1865 census of Stephentown. She was not in the 1870 census. Elizabeth m. Isaac Alonzo Waite in 1868 in W. Stephentown. They had daughter, Genevieve Jenny Waite b. about 1874.(re: Cole Waite)

According to the 1875 census

1. Anna b. about 1858, age 17 in 1875
2. Adna b. about 1861, age 14 in “
3. George b. about 1863, age 12 in “
4. Sarah b. about 1864, age 11 in “
5. Grant b. about 1865, age 10 in “
6. Eveline b. about 1867, age 8 in “

James and Achsah are buried in Hillside Cemetery.

Benjamin T. Culver was b. on February 17, 1842 and d. April 6, 1920. He married Hannah M. Kittle, daughter of Francis and Lucinda Haley Kittle. Hannah was b. January 29, 1841 and d. November 21, 1913. (She was the sister of Eleanor Kittle, birth mother of Wilson Dodge Sweener, b. 1876 and raised by Pascal and Sarah Carr Sweener)

Children of Benjamin T. Culver and Hannah M. Kittle

1. Sherman b. September 23, 1868; d. August 31, 1870
2. Samantha

Eunice Lydia Hayes was born January 1, 1856 in Stephentown; d. September 8, 1938 in Stephentown. She married Frederick Houghtling, son of David Houghtling and Sophia Feaster on January 1, 1876 in Stephentown. He was born April 1, 1850 in Garfield NY and d. June 13, 1913 in Stephentown. They are buried in Garfield Cemetery, Stephentown.

Children of Eunice Lydia Hayes and Frederick Houghtling

1. Henry H. b. June 8, 1873 in Stephentown; d. January 14, 1961 in Garfield, NY; m. Sophia Amelia Miller, b. 1889 in Pownal, VT. She died March 14, 1961 in Garfield, NY. They are buried in Garfield Cemetery.
2. Elmer, b. January, 1876 in Stephentown; d. March 31, 1887 in Stephentown at 11y2m.
3. Flora Louise b. July 15, 1879 in Stephentown; d. December 19, 1968 in Pittsfield, MA. She married Franklin Lewis Sweener, son of Lewis Napoleon Sweener and Lydia Harrington (Lewis Napoleon was the son of Pascal Sweener and Sarah Carr Sweener)
4. Lloyd R. b. 1880 in Stephentown; d. 1925 in Stephentown, m. Elizabeth (Bessie) Harrington November 22, 1906 in Pittsfield, MA. She was born June 25, 1887 in Pittsfield, MA; d. June 1963 in Pittsfield.
5. Olive May b. April 9, 1882 in Stephentown; d. in Pittsfield, MA; m. William Schulz
6. Amos b. December 9, 1885 in Stephentown; d. December 3, 1953 in Stephentown. He married Mae, born 1882; d. 1940.
7. Clara D. b. July 6, 1890 in Garfield; d. November 12, 1925 in Stephentown; m. Charles H. Moon, son of John Henry Moon and Almira Seeley, on March 1, 1907.
8. Walter Smith b. May 13, 1897 in Stephentown; d. October 26, 1934 in Stephentown. He married Belle Beatrice Lyle on May 26, 1920. She ran off. No Children.
9. Ruth , b. August 22, 1900 in Stephentown; d. 1996 in Pittsfield, MA. She married Francis Holmes on August 19, 1920 in Stephentown. (She was actually the daughter of Olive May, and raised as Eunice and Frederick’s daughter.)
10. Edith b. 1903 in Stephentown; d. May 18, 1998 in Stephentown. She married William A. Holt.

Stephen Wheeler

by Tina Ordone

My most frustrating family line is my Wheeler line, given that I can’t find any parents for the subject of this essay. There isn’t a lot known about Stephen, other than he had several children, by at least three different “wives”, and the first two “wives” are unknown. He died at 70 years old, with very little history having been written about him. One thing that we know is his military history, with him having served in the Revolutionary War. I decided to research the war, using Stephen’s own military records, and write a story based on the facts and the military records.

Stephen was a young boy when he enlisted, and this is the story of his military career in the Revolutionary War.

According to his muster cards, Stephen served in the Army from May 19, 1777 to May, 1780

In December 1776, thousands of six- month enlistments in the Continental Army were expiring, and when this happened, soldiers simply packed up what few belongings they might have, and walked home. Very few of these soldiers would return to the fight, after having endured the many hardships of war, and very few new recruits were making their way to the battlefields either. It seemed that Washington’s army would melt away entirely. The situation was so bad that Thomas Paine would lament in his pamphlet The Crisis: “These are the times that try men’s souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country.”

In order to understand the enlistment of a young boy, our Stephen Wheeler, into the service of his country, we need to know what was going on in the fight just before his enlistment. The “rules” of war had changed, thanks to General George Washington’s newfound strategy, one borne of many defeats.

Eighteenth century warfare was carried on under strict, though unwritten “rules” designed to minimize the destruction of life and property. For instance, armies did not fight during the winter months. Getting supplies to soldiers was a tricky business even during good weather. In winter, a sudden blizzard could strand thousands of soldiers and threaten them with frostbite and starvation. Another of the “rules” was that nighttime marching and fighting not be done. Soldiers could get lost at night or unknowingly fire on their own. However, Washington wanted to completely surprise the enemy and what better way than to attack at night.

It was also good practice for one side to surrender as soon as it saw it could not win a battle or war. By not forcing the victor to expend a lot of needless blood, the loser hoped to get more lenient peace terms. Such “rules” made perfect sense and most countries followed them. Of course, most countries didn’t have George Washington commanding their Army.

On December 25, 1776, Washington marched his troops into Trenton where a large number of Hessian soldiers were stationed. A winter storm was raging, enhancing the chances that the Hessians would be indoors trying to stay dry and warm.

“It is fearfully cold and raw and a snowstorm setting in,” Colonel John Fitzgerald noted as the American troops set off. “The wind is northeast and beats in the faces of the men. It will be a terrible night for the soldiers who have not shoes. Some of them have tied old rags around their feet; others are barefoot, but I have not heard a man complain. They are ready to suffer any hardship and die rather than give up their liberty.”

Washington’s plan worked. Washington struck the Hessians from one side while General John Sullivan attacked from the other. Caught between two advancing forces, the Hessians “were frightened and confused,” Fitzgerald reported happily, “for our men were firing on them from fences and houses and they were falling fast. Instead of advancing they ran into an apple orchard…It was not long before they threw down their guns and gave themselves up as prisoners.” One thousand Hessians were taken prisoner. Among those killed was the commandant of the Hessian troops, Colonel Johann Rall. Only two weeks before, he had referred to the American army as “country clowns”.

The British were enraged by Washington’s move and sent a large force out to crush the upstart Americans. Washington and his army managed to slip away, this time defeating the British rear guard at Princeton along the way. After this, the British recalled their troops and went into winter camp to brood and plan. American forces also retired for the winter at Morristown, New Jersey, though in a much happier mood. In the brief space of nine days, the fragile American forces had pulled off two stunning victories, taken valuable supplies and most important, revived American spirits.

This positive feeling carried over in to the spring of 1777, and probably resulted in thousands of enlistments to the American cause. Stephen Wheeler was one of them. Putting aside any reservations he might have had, he signed up on May 19, 1777 for the duration of the war.

Though we don’t know much about the life of Stephen Wheeler before or after the war, we do know quite a bit about the time he spent in Captain John Johnson’s Co., of the 5th New York Regiment of Foot, commanded by Colonel Lewis DuBois during the American Revolution.

Stephen started his enlistment at the tender age of 16. This was a common age of enlistment at the time. It’s been said that the revolution was a young man’s war. As many young men of that age, he must have been hearing stories from men and boys who were returning from their service.

Messengers were sent into the countryside regularly, to relate the events of war. The people of upstate New York, as well as the rest of the colonies already knew that the British has forced them to pay unfair taxes, to pay for the French and Indian War that the British had fought some years before. They also knew that their rights were restricted due to the imposition of a series of bills called “the Intolerable Acts” which taxes everything of use to the colonists. When the Declaration of Independence was signed the year before, things changed for the colonists. Now they had their cause to fight for. If they were to suffer taxation without representation, they wanted their freedom from King George III. Freedom was their cause and it was up to the young men in their midst to fight for it.

Volunteers were called to defend the area in case the British decided to march in, and a ten dollars was offered for each person who enlisted for three years or during the war. No doubt the ten dollars looked good to Stephen, but he must have held back some wondering if he had what it took to go into battle. After having heard the war stories from veterans, he had to know some of what was going on, and the picture certainly wasn’t pretty. We know nothing at this time of Stephen’s home life. We wonder if his father was living, and if he had a bunch of siblings, but we don’t know, because we have not been able to find out who his family was or even where he came from. His daughter Lydia stated in an application for pension in 1898 that he was “supposed to have come from Massachusetts or Connecticut”, but we don’t know for sure. One thing that we know for sure is that Stephen himself was a farmer and poor. It is likely that this condition lasted his entire life. The ten dollars that was offered for his service certainly would have helped his family. This was the motivation of many of the young men who served in that war.

With the stories of heroism and glory, many a young boy ‘s imagination ran wild. Courage became something that was expected, both from his elders and himself. As described in the book “A Young Patriot”, “by hearing the conversations and disputes of the good old farmer politicians of the times”, young men had “collected pretty correct ideas of the contest between this country and the mother country (as it was then called).” Proudly he was “as warm a patriot as the best of them; the war was waged; we had joined issue….” And “felt anxious…to be called a defender of my country.” Then as his fellow youths staggered back from their service, and told of their narrow escapes, did the thought “O, that was too much to be borne…by me” nag at him?

One other question nagged at him no doubt. “How long would he have to serve?” The main American force, called the Continental Army, required that individuals who enlisted to serve for one year. For a young boy, that was a very long time to be away from home and family. By the time Stephen enlisted, the requirement was “three years or during the war.” It was not until 1779 that the terms of their enlistments were defined. The soldiers interpreted it to mean three years, the government insisted it meant for the duration. The soldiers eventually won, but only after many desertions and several mutinies. Stephen’s muster cards read “during the war”, though his enlistment was up in May 1780 and that is when he was separated from the Army.

Conditions for the men were difficult to say the least, and though these weren’t “officially” mentioned, tales of the hardships drifted back home. “Food, clothing, and ammunition were in short supply, enemy forces outnumbered the Americans and more redcoats were on the way, and many patriots had already been killed or wounded.” However, the new recruits were told that the specified daily ration of a soldier in Continental service at the that time was three quarters of a pound pork, or one pound of beef or salt fish, one pound of flour or bread, three pints of peas or beans weekly, one pint of milk or one penny in lieu thereof, one pint of Indian meal or rice weekly, twenty-four pounds of soft or eight of hard soap to every hundred men weekly, and candles for men on guard duty at night. Could Stephen tell his family of the decision that weighed so heavily on his mind or were they the very ones who were encouraging his enlistment? As many young men did, he signed his name “fairly upon the indentures.” It was done and he was a soldier, in deed if not in practice. However, there would be plenty of time and there was still plenty of war to be fought.

We have copies of the Company Muster Roll cards, on which records were kept of a man’s whereabouts during his enlistment. On Stephen’s, it states that he was a member of Captain John Johnson’s Company of the 5th New York Regiment of Foot, commanded by Colonel Lewis DuBois. Colonel DuBois had distinguished himself during the Battle of Quebec in the summer of 1775, when, as a captain, he commanded a company of the 3rd Regiment of the New York line, under James Clinton, brother of the governor of New York, George Clinton. DuBois’ commission was issued on June 28, 1775.

His company was known as the Duchess Company. Legend has it that Lewis DuBois was just feet away from Brigadier General Richard Montgomery when he was killed in Quebec on December 1, 1775. While in the field in Quebec, DuBois was raised from captain to major. In a letter dated February 1, 1776, General Benedict Arnold wrote to the President of Congress a long letter, giving reasons why a certain Major Brown should not be promoted, and ended the letter by saying “This transaction, Major DuBois and several gentlemen were knowing to.” This illustrates that Lewis DuBois was already a Major on February 1, 1776. On March 8, 1776, he was made a major in Colonel John Nicholson’s regiment raised in Canada out of the four New York regiments which originally went there, the term of their enlistment, being for only six months, having expired.

At the time of the return of the expedition, which went to Canada, there were four regiments of the line enlisted for three years or during the war, existing in the State of New York. It was determined to raise a fifth. The preliminary step seems to have led to a clash of authority between the Continental Congress and the Provincial Congress. On the 26th of June, 1776 John Hancock, president of the Continental Congress, wrote a letter to the Provincial Convention in which enclosed a notice that Lewis DuBois, major in the Canada Service, was commissioned June 25, 1776, by the Continental Congress, with instruction to raise a regiment for three years or during the war, to be the Fifth Regiment of the New York line, and that the Continental Congress had, on June 26th, appointed the other officers of the regiment. There was a problem that the Provincial Convention saw with the list of officers, but they never had a problem with Lewis DuBois, who was raised to the rank of Colonel on November 17, 1776.

The Continental Congress gave orders that “the other officers of the battalion I am to request you will be please to appoint and exert every nerve to equip the battalion as soon as possible. As an additional encouragement the Congress had resolved that a bounty of ten dollars be given to every soldier who shall enlist for three years.”

While the Fifth Regiment was forming, Colonel DuBois was too zealous to remain inactive. The British were then in possession of New York. The Patriot army was in the vicinity of White Plains. On the 28th of January, 1777, William Duer, in a letter to General George Washington, dated from camp in Westchester County, said: “Col. DuBois, who has come down with the York militia as a volunteer and who has repeatedly offered his service to destroy King’s Bridge, will, I fear, return tomorrow, despairing to see anything effectual done.”

For the first year, the muster cards don’t reveal where he was stationed. The card for the month of August says that he was sick. The standard operating procedure for sick soldiers was to make a bed of dried leaves and rest. No doctor was there to tend to him and very little food or water was available. In September, his card says “on guard”. This was likely at Fort Montgomery, as this is the card that covered September 1 through November 1, 1777.

On his application for pension, which he signed in September of 1820, he states that he was in the Battle of Fort Montgomery. This is supported by history. The 5th, along with the 2nd, 3rd and 4th, were all present during the Battle of Fort Montgomery and Fort Clinton on October 6, 1777.

Fort Montgomery and Fort Clinton

Early in 1777, the Fifth Regiment was ordered to garrison duty at Fort Montgomery. Fort Montgomery has been described as one of the “crowned high-points of the Highlands.” Their height and isolation afforded facilities for being capable of protracted resistance to any ordinary force. Ordinary would be the operative word here. Being on the west bank of the Hudson River, it was in the range of fire from ships and bomb-ketches. Fort Montgomery was large and at the time unfinished. The garrison consisted of one company of artillery, a few regulars, and some half-armed militia, hastily assembled from the adjoining counties. “A boom and heavy iron chain extended from the foot of the river-cliff to “Anthony’s Nose,” a sharp promontory on the opposite side of the Hudson. Colonel John Lamp commanded the post.

Fort Clinton was on the south side of Poplopen’s creek, smaller and in more of a state of completion than Montgomery. Its garrison consisted of a few regulars and raw militia, under the command of Brigadier-general James Clinton.

On the east side of the river, northward nearly seven miles, and opposite West Point, was Fort Constitution.

Twelve miles southward, and five miles below Fort Clinton was Fort Independence. General Israel Putnam was in general command of the Highland range of defenses, with his headquarters near Peekskill, where a depot of supplies had been established. This post was also the general rendezvous for the inter-transit of troops between New England and the Middle States.

The detachment sent from his command to that of Major General Phillip Schuyler had so reduced his force that his chief dependence was on the militia of the immediate vicinity and of Connecticut.

Advices had been received that an expedition (British) had been organized in New York for a demonstration up the Hudson. Governor George Clinton promptly ordered a considerable militia force to report to General Putnam, but that officer furloughed the men during fall harvest and seed time, because the New York garrison seemed to rest quietly in their quarters. Gov. Clinton promptly changed the program, ordering one-half of the militia, however, to spend a month on their farms, while the remainder were ordered to assemble at the mouth of Poplopen’s creek and Peekskill. Before this modified order, however, could take effect, and while the entire force which had assembled for the defense of Forts Clinton and Montgomery was less than six hundred and fifty me, the expedition, led by Sir Henry Clinton, (no stated relation) from New York was in full activity.”

Sir Henry Clinton was heading north with 8,500 men, fit for duty. On October 3, 1777, 1,100 troops were transported from New York to Spuyten Duyvel Creek, then to Tarrytown, where they landed on the morning of the fourth.

A second division, about the same number of men, marched from King’s Bridge to Tarrytown by land, reaching the same place the same day.

A third division took transports from New York on October 4th, under convoy of the Preston frigate, the Mercury and the Tartar.

On the same night, by 40 flat boats, besides ships and galleys, under the convoy of the vessels of Sir James Wallace, the entire command was advanced to Verplanck’s Point, where it landed on or about the 5th. It “made every appearance of their intention to land, both at Fort Independence and Peekskill.

Governor Clinton was watchful of every movement. He adjourned the legislature, then at Kingston and made his way to Fort Montgomery to lend his support to the garrison and to watch the approaches by the Haverstraw Road, which passed through the mountains.

Sir Henry transferred his army from Verplanck’s Point to Stony Point, early on the morning of the 6th. The demonstration of Sir James Wallace up the river completely masked the main movement by King’s Ferry, and a heavy fog so obscured the view that General Putnam, who discovered a large fire at the ferry on the west side, supposed that a party had landed for the sole purpose of destroying the storehouses at that point. General Putnam’s reports show that he was totally deceived by these events.

Sir Henry had 500 regulars, consisting of the 52nd and 27th regulars and Emerick’s chasseurs, with 400 Provincials commanded by Lt. Col. Campbell and Col. Robinson of the Provincials, second in command. These troops marched to occupy the pass of Dunderberg (Thunder Hill). This detachment was ordered “to make the detour of 7 miles round this hill and Bear Hill, to the rear of Fort Montgomery.”

General Vaughn, with 1200 men, consisting of grenadiers, light infantry, the 26th and 63rd regiments, one company of the 71st and one troop of dismounted dragoons, and the Hessian Chasseurs, covering the corps of Lt. Col. Campbell, until it should pass Dunderberg; was to halt at the point where that corps took its course around Bear Hill to the left and upon its approach to Fort Montgomery, was to move by the right to storm Fort Clinton from the South.

General Tryon, with the 7th Regiment and the Hessian regulars of Trumbach, cooperating with General Vaughn, was to occupy the pass and preserve communication with the fleet, and ultimately that officer joined General Vaughn and participated in the final assault upon Fort Clinton.

On the evening of the fifth, Gov. Clinton “sent Major Samuel Logan, of the Fifth Regiment, who was well acquainted with the ground, through the mountains to reconnoiter. He returned at 9 o’clock on Monday, with the information that a considerable force was between King’s Ferry and Dunderberg; but the numbers could not be discovered on account of fog.” Lt. Patten Jackson, of the Fifth Regiment, marched out two miles on the Haverstraw Road with a small party, but was compelled to retire.

Lt. Col. Bruyn of the Fifth Regiment, with 50 Continental Troops and as many militia under Lt. Col. McLaughry, were sent to support Lt. Jackson, but they were too late to seize the pass and fell back slowly, in good order, “disputing the ground inch by inch.” Gov. Clinton was the life of the defense of both posts. A dispatch was sent to General Putnam asking for reinforcements. Lt. Col. Lamb was directed to send a six-pounder, (pictured) the only field piece at Fort Montgomery, with 60 men and a supporting party of the same strength to check the advance of Lt. Col. Campbell, who was approaching that fort. This detachment fought with great spirit, but had to retire, abandoning the gun after spiking it. A second detachment was hurried to their support and a 12 pounder was advanced to cover their retreat, which was accomplished with some loss, including Captain Fenno, who was taken prisoner. This was about two in the afternoon, as stated in the official report of Gov. Clinton. The attack upon the fort was maintained until 5 o’clock, when a flag was sent up, demanding a surrender. This was refused and fight continued until dusk, when the works were stormed on all sides and the garrison made their best efforts to escape.”

In Sir Henry Clinton’s report, he states that “after the advanced parties before Fort Clinton were driven into the works, Trumbach’s regiment was posted at the stone wall to cover our retreat in case of misfortune” and “The works were stormed at the point of the bayonet, without a shot being fired.” He reports his “loss as not very considerable, excepting in some respectable officers who were killed in the attack. Lt. Col. Campbell was killed in the assault on Fort Montgomery, as were Count Grabowski – aid-de-camp of Sir Henry Clinton, Majors Sill and Grant and Captain Stewart. Commodore Hotham in his official report states the British Loss at about 40 killed and 150 wounded.” The American loss was not far from 300 killed, wounded and missing. A list of 237 who were taken prisoner is given by Eager in his history of Orange County.

General James Clinton received a bayonet wound, but escaped to the mountains, as did the larger part of the garrison. Gov. Clinton safely crossed the Hudson on a skiff and joined General Putnam. Putnam only the day before the attack upon the forts, had withdrawn Col. Malcolm’s regiment from the pass of Sydhams bridge, had detailed Major Moffatt with 200 men from the garrison to supply his place and transferred 60 more to Anthony’s Nose. But for this ill-timed action, the American position would have been greatly strengthened.

One hundred cannons, including sixty-seven in the forts and others on vessels and considerable quantities of powder, cartridges and shot were trophies of the assault. The boon, chain and chevaux de frise, which they protected, were displaced and the frigates Montgomery and Congress, which had been ordered down the river by General Putnam for defense of the boom, were burned to forestall capture.

General Putnam was let to expect an attack upon his own immediate post. He returned to the heights behind Peekskill and after consultation with General Parsons “thought it impracticable to quit that position to attack the enemy.” His official report states, that on his return with General Parsons, “we were alarmed with a very heavy and hot firing, both of small arms and cannon at Fort Montgomery, upon which I immediately detached 500 men to reinforce the garrison; but before they could possibly cross to their assistance, the enemy, superior in numbers, had possessed themselves of the fort.”

As a result of the occupation of these forts, Peekskill was abandoned, then Forts Independence and Constitution and General Putnam retreated to Fishkill. The expedition of Sir Henry Clinton was a success. Continental Village, three miles above Peekskill was burned by British troops and a considerable amount of supplies were taken or destroyed.

Sir Henry Clinton retired to New York and General Putnam, reinforced by militia from Connecticut, New Jersey and New York, soon re-occupied Peekskill, and after the surrender of Burgoyne, additional Continental troops were sent from the Northern army.

It is necessary to say that the presence of an intelligent commanding officer of reasonable military skill or the absolute control of the posts by Governor Clinton would have prevented the loss of Forts Clinton and Montgomery.”

Note: Governor George Clinton and General James Clinton were brothers.

We can only imagine what Stephen was going through during this terrible battle. Can you imagine marching and coming upon wounded soldiers, with broken arms, legs and some with broken heads? Such unfamiliar sights were frightening and certainly had to make a young boy long for home.

One sight that had to give even seasoned officers pause would have to have been British soldiers in a perfect line, muskets leveled. “When powder in a musket was ignited, there was the crack of the explosion, followed by flames and billowing white smoke spitting from the front of the barrel and the flintlock. When 50 or 60 muskets were fired at the same time, it must have been like facing a terrifying fire-breathing demon.” During these times, a soldier had no time to be afraid as he had officers barking orders and his company was firing on the British. The American soldiers weren’t as organized as their counterparts, but effective enough to make the enemy withdraw and reload. Another frightening sight would have been the bayonet charge. A volley was fired off, creating a noise and smoke making machine. The volley was designed to frighten the enemy, and its drifting cloud of black smoke was the cover from which the bayonet charge would be launched. As the smoke cleared, the Americans would be terrified by the sight of these redcoats yelling “Hurrah!” or “God save the King” with leveled, gleaming bayonets. The American militia was terrified of the bayonet, and the British knew it. Many a British general’s hide was saved with the bayonet charge.

“Colonel Lewis DuBois’ “services in the army were held in high esteem by his contemporaries. Col. DuBois’ Fifth Regiment was especially the regiment of this (Newburgh) district both in its membership and in its services. It was stationed in the Highlands in the spring of 1777 and was there when Forts Clinton and Montgomery were taken by the English forces in October of that year. Through a mistaken conclusion arising from the fact that they were clothed in hunting shirts such as farmer’s servants in England wear, its dead in that action were ranked as militia by the British. The facts are that the brunt of the desperate and heroic resistance which was made fell on Col. Lewis DuBois’ regiment, shared by Lamb’s artillery. The returns of Col. DuBois’ Fifth as they stand on the roll books, 15 officers were taken prisoner, while “Missing in Action” was written against the name of ninety-six of the privates or not less than one-third of the whole strength of the regiment at that time. These men did not run–they were overwhelmed. While all of them were not killed, many were, and their bodies pierced by the bayonet for no gun was fired by the assaulting column–found resting place in the waters of “bloody pond”, where in the succeeding spring, with an arm, a leg or a part of the body above the surface they presented the scene of which Dwight describes as ‘monstrous’.

“In this engagement, Col. DuBois received a bayonet wound in the neck, as appears by a letter from General Putnam to General Gates, hereafter quoted from. This shows the desperate character of the fighting.

“The course of those who escaped appears quite clearly from an account of it by Rev. John Gano, chaplain of the Fifth Regiment, who wrote:
“The dusk of the evening, together with the smoke and rushing in of the enemy, made it impossible for us to distinguish friend or foe. This confusion gave us an opportunity of escaping through the enemy over the breastwork. Many escaped to the water and got on board a scow and pushed off. Before she had go twice her length we grappled on of our row-galleys into which we all got and crossed the river. We arrived safe at New Windsor, where, in a few days after we were joined by some more of our army who had escaped from the forts.”

General Clinton, writing to General Washington, says:
“Many officers and men and myself having the advantage of the enemy by being well acquainted with the ground, were so fortunate as to effect our escape under cover of the night after the enemy were possessed of all the works.”

It is not true, as often asserted, that Col. Lewis DuBois was taken prisoner at Fort Montgomery. Major Zachary DuBois, of Col. Jesse Woodhull’s regiment of Orange County militia, a brother of Col. Lewis DuBois, was taken a prisoner on Monday the 6th of October, 1777. He was discharged from captivity on August 6, 1778, in exchange for Major Thomas Moncrief, of his majesty’s army.

After the first shock of defeat the disaster was found not to be serious as at first supposed. General Putnam, writing to General Washington on October 8, 1777 from Fishkill, says:

“I have the pleasure to inform you that many more of our troops made their escape than what I was a first informed of. Colonel DuBois who is one of the number, this day collected near 200 of his regiment that got off after the enemy were in the Fort.”

General Putnam, writing to General Gates from Fishkill, eleven o’clock a.m., October 9, 1777:

“Colonel DuBois, who had a wound with a bayonet in his neck, has mustered near 200 of his men, who were with him in the action, many of whom have slight wounds with bayonets and swords but are in high spirits.”

We don’t know if he was one of the wounded, though he obviously wasn’t killed, and no mention has been made of him being one of the captives of the British. Talk about trial by fire! However, his military career was just starting. Before he is discharged, trial by fire turns to trial by ice, with desertion and hunger added for good measure.

On the muster card for February 1 to March 1, 1778, Stephen is shown to be in the hospital. Hospitals were poorly lit, filthy, stinking, reeking of blood and urine and filled with diseased and wounded men pleading pitifully for help from surgeons with neither the time nor the assistants nor the medicines to treat them. A ticket to a hospital was regarded as a sentence to a firing squad. On the battlefield many wounded were left to die because the surgeon believed they had no hope of recovery or because a retreating force could not allow the wounded to slow its flight. “Nothing was feared more than a Continental Army hospital. To be ticketed to one was like a passport to suffering and death. Dr. Benjamin Rush, the physician general of the Medical Department, who had resigned in disgust at a situation he could not correct, reported that most hospital rooms that were large enough for six or eight well men were crammed with twenty or more sick soldiers, all lying a few feed apart in shirts or blankets they had been wearing or using for five months and on beds of straw that were seldom changed. Most of them suffered from dysentery or pulmonary diseases, but because they were in such close proximity to one another, they were also vulnerable to those twin terrors: “jail” fever and “putrid” fever. Nine out of every ten cases of fever ended in death.” It appears that our Stephen was a lucky boy indeed.

The regiment was “in barracks” in Fishkill for the winter of 1777-1778. This where Washington’s main supply depots were located, and they needed protection. Its condition there was deplorable. In January, 1778, General Putnam wrote, “DuBois’ regiment is unfit to be ordered on duty, there being not one blanket in the regiment. Very few have either a shoe or a shirt and most of them neither stockings, breeches or overalls.” Chastellux writes that “many were absolutely naked, being only covered by straw suspended from the waist. The losses in stores at Fort Montgomery brought on this destitution very largely. It did not continue long after Putnam called Gov. Clinton’s attention to it.”

From April through May 12, 1778, Stephen was “on command” in Peekskill, New York. Major-General Israel Putnam, who had the general command of the Highlands, had his headquarters at Peekskill.

In June, the Fifth was headquartered in White Plains, NY. On July 22, “as ordered by General Washington, the New York continental brigade was formed with the First New York (Van Schaick’s), Second New York (Van Cortlandt’s), Fourth New York (Henry B. Livingston’s), and the Fifth New York (Lewis DuBois’) and placed under the command of Brigadier-General James Clinton, which, ‘by it’s perfect discipline, good conduct and gallantry in action, attracted the favorable notice of the continental officers from other states, and of the officers of the French army,’ to the end of the war of the Revolution.”

By muster records, we know that Stephen and the Fifth Regiment spent the winter of 1778-1779 at Peekskill and Schoharie. We can only imagine that that winter was not much different from the previous winter, after all, New York winters aren’t any easier even during war time.

The Clinton-Sullivan Campaign

With spring came a new campaign. “On April 21st, 1779, W. Malcolm writes to General Clinton from Minisink that his regiment has been incorporated with Spencer’s, all his officers except two or three have resigned and he shall do so too; moreover that the frontier is now unprotected; worst of all about 40 savages (who were British allies) have attacked Lacawack and burned the place and houses within 13 miles of the river.

“On the 25th of April, Col. Cortlandt writes from Rochester to General Clinton that he had received orders from General Washington to march his regiment (of which the Fifth and Stephen Wheeler were a part) immediately to Minisink and he supposes he will go to Wyoming, New York; his absence will leave the frontier unprotected.

“Two days later, April 27th, 1779, A. DeWitt, John Brodhead and 64 other citizens, writing from Rochester, send a petition to General Clinton stating that Col. Cortlandt (who had been protecting the frontier) had received marching orders from General Washington and asking that a sufficient guard be furnished to protect them from the savages.

“On April 29th Clinton writes to Cortlandt wishing him an agreeable march and stating that he had ordered a fourth part of Col. Cantine’s and a fourth part of Col. Snyder’s regiments to occupy the posts that he (Cortlandt) now holds, until he can relieve them by the levies intended for the defense of the frontier, not yet completed.

“On the 4th of May, Col. Cortlandt writes to General Clinton that just as he was marching his regiment he received an account of the burning of several houses in the Fantine kill. He marched to intercept the enemy, whom he saw, but could not surround, as they were on a mountain when discovered. They had burned four houses and killed 6 persons and perhaps three or four more. They had not killed any of the soldiers, nor had the soldiers been able to kill any of the Indians, though they exchanged shots with them at a long distance. The Indian band was thought to number 30 or 40. As he (Cortlandt) was under the most pressing orders to march with all expedition he forwarded this letter by express. He said in closing that Col. Cantine had gone to Lackawack and that he thinks not over 50 of the men who General Clinton had ordered had as yet arrived, although more might come the next day.

“In this attack, the Indians murdered Mrs. Isaac Bevier and her sister Mrs. Michael Sax and others, some eight in all. A number of neighbors fled across the mountain to Shawangunk.

“The next day General Clinton writes to Cortlandt that he had ordered out one fourth of Hardenbergh’s regiment and on fourth of McCloughry’s regiment to join Cantine and a like proportion of the three northern regiments of Orange county to such posts on the frontier of that county as the commanding officers shall deem best’ the same day Clinton writes to Cantine that he has ordered one fourth of Hardenbergh’s regiment and one fourth of McCloughry’s regiment to march immediately and put themselves under his command.”

About the middle of June, 1779, Clinton, in order to join Sullivan, began transporting his force from the Mohawk River by the way of Canajoharie and Springfield to Lake Otsego, the headwaters of the Susquehanna. Stephen Wheeler, according to his muster cards, was at Canajoharie Creek from May 1779 to June 23, 1779.

According to the diary of a Lieutenant Beatty of the 4th Pennsylvania Line, also part of Clinton’s force, on Monday, June 28, 1779, “This day the Colonel and a number of officers with myself went to see Col. Dubois and his officers who were encamped at Low’s Grove on the upper landing, found them all very well and they provided a very good dinner for us suitable to the place and time, there was about fifty officers dined together. After dinner we had a song or two from different officers and returned home a little before sundown. We were all very sociable at dinner and spent our time with the officers very agreeable.”

“In the summer of this year, General Clinton’s advice that it was necessary in order to have peace on the frontier that the Indian settlements should be destroyed was fully carried out. General James Clinton with five New York regiments (including the Fifth) united with General Sullivan and routed the Indians under their celebrated leader Joseph Brant, (pictured) near Elmira, with little resistance; then burned their villages and destroyed all food supplies. In this expedition into the Indian country, in what is now central New York, Colonel Lewis DuBois bore an important command.”

Clinton remained at Lake Otsego from the 3rd of July to the 9th of August awaiting orders from General Sullivan. When these orders came Clinton moved forward and effected a junction with Sullivan. In organizing for the fighting and devastation which followed, the hazardous position of commanding the right flank was assigned to Colonel DuBois, who had under him two companies of the German battalion and 200 picked men in addition. The army of Sullivan far outnumbered that of the Indians under the celebrated Chief Brant, aided by a few British regulars and tories. The enemy made but one serious effort to check the invaders. Behind a hastily constructed rampart, in the vicinity of Elmira, they made a stand, but were soon driven away. In this engagement, Colonel DuBois participated. The victorious army then turned northward and carried out the purpose of the expedition by burning many villages and destroying all food supplies. It was a work of devastation, and many that were there said that the measure was unnecessarily harsh. Be that as it may, the power of the Indians in the State of New York was broken by this expedition of General Sullivan.

Stephen participated in this mission, along with his fellow soldiers. What a thing for an 18 year old boy to have to do. In the two years that he had been in the Army, he had seen sights and done things that no man should ever have to do. His muster cards show that he was in this area of New York State until October 17, 1779.

His next muster card is very interesting. It is dated Oct. and Nov. 1779 to Dec. 12, 1779. He is in Camp Wick Farms, in Morristown, NJ. Wick Farms was a popular camp ground for General Washington’s army, and it also provided a place where deserters could be jailed or be “confined in provost”. On Stephen’s muster card there is the notation “returned from desertion and confined to provost”. Though it is not surprising that he would desert, given the circumstances of the previous two years, desertion was not something that was understood by the officers. There were several punishments for desertion, including death. According to “George Washington’s War” by Robert Leckie, desertion was handled in the following ways:

“Desertion, one of the Continental Army’s greatest problems, was punishable by death. A condemned man, his coffin borne before him, the doleful notes of the “Dead March” in his ears, would be paraded in front of his comrades while his sentence was read aloud. Approaching a freshly dug grave, the soldiers would lay his coffin beside it. Kneeling alongside, usually with a chaplain beside him, the condemned man would join the chaplain in prayer, until he was left alone and a firing squad of twelve soldiers came forward to end his life. Usually one of the muskets was unloaded, so that no one soldier could be sure he had killed his comrade. Also, this melancholy scene could end in soldierly shouts of joy when, at the last moment, a messenger rushed up with a reprieve. But for one soldier convicted of deserting seven times, each time re-enlisting to claim the bounty of twenty-five dollars, there was no reprieve.” This must have been horrible for a dedicated soldier, as young as he was. I am sure that he was missing home and that combined with being hungry, scared, cold or too hot, had to prove to be an unbearable temptation.

He was released from detention on December 12, 1779. On December 29, Colonel Lewis DuBois resigned his commission. This seems to have been brought about by the dwindling of all the regiments in the New York Brigade, for in the subsequent year the 1st and 3rd regiments were consolidated into one regiment, known as the 1st, under Colonel Van Schaick, and the 2nd, 4th and 5th and Colonel Livington’s regiment into another, known as the 2nd, under Colonel Philip Van Cortlandt.

Lewis DuBois, who was born in 1728, married twice and had several children. He enlisted in 1762. He was a prominent citizen of New Paltz, New York, as were his ancestors and descendants. After a long, successful military career and personal life, he died in 1802, in Marlborough, NY, followed five years later by his second wife, Rachel Jansen, whom he had married on December 17, 1756.

One Last Winter

After the invasion and devastation of the towns of the five Indian nations in Western New York, the Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth New York regiments rejoined the main Continental Army in New Jersey, and went into winter quarters at Morristown. Washington had wintered there the previous year. Morristown was on a plateau in the Watchung Mountains. It overlooked the central New Jersey plain between New York and Philadelphia. It was convenient to the Highlands, in the event of any British moves northward up the Hudson. Stephen’s muster cards show that he was based in Morristown from December, 1779, until April, 1780, when camp broke. His enlistment was almost up, but he had one more winter to endure. It was to be his hardest test yet.

The army in winter quarters at Morristown was truthfully described by an historian, “fought cold, nakedness, and famine”. During the ‘great freeze’ of January, 1780, the suffering became intense. Washington found that even military constraint was unable to collect food from a region almost depleted of supplies. His transportation was so limited that it was with difficulty that fuel could be hauled for camp fires, and the troops were repeatedly without meat for two or three days.

On the 11th of January, Quartermaster General Nathaniel Greene wrote, “Such weather never did I feel. For six or eight days it has been so cold that there has been no living abroad, the snow is also very deep, and much drifted. We drive over the tops of fences. We have been alternately out of meat and bread for eight or nine days and without either for three or four.

When the soldiers first arrived in Morristown (Jockey Hollow) for their winter encampment, they had no choice but to sleep out in the open in the snow. Wagons with tents arrived a few days later than the soldiers did. Soldiers remained in the tents until the completion of the wooden huts. The soldier huts used at Jockey Hollow were fourteen feet by sixteen feet and housed twelve men.

General Washington ordered that enlisted men’s huts were to be built first. Therefore, officers huts were not built and completed until all the enlisted men were settled in huts. It took most of the soldiers about two to three weeks to build their huts. The majority of the enlisted men in the Continental Army were poor, lower class men. A good number of these men were not even born in America. Army officers, on the other hand, were from middle to upper class society and were often land owners. Enlisted men moved into their huts around Christmas. The last of the officers did not get to move into huts until February. The 1779-1780 winter at Jockey Hollow was the worst winter in over 100 years. Military camp conditions were so deplorable that many soldiers stole regularly just to eat, deserted or mutinied.

According to “George Washington’s War” by Robert Leckie, “nothing in the history of the trials of the Continental Army, not even the ordeal of Valley Forge, during the winter of 1777-78, compares to the cold white crucible of that second winter at Morristown. It was so cold that New York Harbor froze over. Howling blizzards lashed Morristown. Often officers, as well as men, were buried beneath deep drifts after the wind had blown their pitiful ragged tents away. Other soldiers without tents or blankets, barefoot and half-naked, struggled to build rude huts out of the oak and maple trees around them. ‘W have never experienced a like extremity at any period of the war’, Washington wrote, and soon he was complaining that his men lived off ‘every kind of horse food but hay’. Another day he wrote: ‘We have not at this day one ounce of meat, fresh or salt, in the magazine.’

“Food supplies grew scantier. And once again, while the Continentals suffered and died, the county side waxed fat and flourished. Washington’s only choice was to commandeer supplies, and just as he feared, he was hated for it. The situation was summed up by Alexander Hamilton, who wrote: ‘We begin to hate the country for its neglect of us. The country begins to hate us for our oppressions of them.’

Stephen’s muster cards again reveal that from January 14 to February 14, 1780, Stephen was “on furlough by Col. Cortlandt. He was at this time part of the consolidated forces, now in the 2nd Regiment under Colonel Philip Van Cortlandt. The card states that he went to Nine Partners, which at the time was in upper Duchess County. There is possibly a clue as to where his family was, given that he was just 19, he was probably going to see his family. A search has begun to find his family in Duchess county.

On May 25, 1780, after a severe winter, General Washington faced a serious threat of mutiny at his winter camp in Morristown. Two Continental regiments conducted an armed march through the camp and demanded immediate payment of salary (overdue by 5 months) and full rations. Troops from Pennsylvania put down the rebellion. Two leaders of the protest were then hanged.

Just six days before this event, Stephen Wheeler’s enlistment was over. His last muster card does not reveal the exact date that he left military service, but we can conclude that it was on or around May 19, 1780. There was much more war to fight, and win but it was going to be up to some other young patriot to fill his shoes, or the lack of them. Stephen was going home.

The war dragged on until April 11, 1783, when Congress officially declared an end to the Revolutionary War, though the final battle had been fought on November 10, 1782, when the Americans retaliated against Loyalist and Indian forces by attacking a Shawnee Indian village in the Ohio territory. England had officially declared an end to hostilities on February 4, 1783. One June 12, 1783, the main part of the Continental Army disbanded. everyone On November 2, 1783, George Washington delivered his farewell address to his army. The next day, remaining troops were discharged. Now everyone was going home.

On December 23, 1783, following a triumphant journey from New York to Annapolis, George Washington, victorious commander in chief of the American Revolutionary Army, appeared before Congress and voluntarily resigned his commission, an event unprecedented in history. But he was destined to go down in history as our first President of the United States, taking office on April 30 1789. He served until 1797, when he and Martha bid farewell once again and returned to Mount Vernon in Virginia. He died in 1799 and Martha in 1802.

Back His Life

After returning home from the war, Stephen fell back into obscurity. In 1797, he has his first child, Harvey Wakefield Wheeler, but we don’t know who the mother is. Our ancestor, Stephen Van Rensselaer Wheeler was born in 1818, but we don’t know who his mother is either. Rumors have swirled about his birth, some saying that he was the son of the patroon, Stephen Van Rensselaer, who after an affair, paid Stephen to marry the girl, leave the state and raise the child as his own. The sum was $30,000. However, in 1820 Stephen applied for a pension, citing weakness, infirmity and poverty and in need of the “bounty of his country”, having no other way to support his family, which at that time consisted of a wife, Roxanna Bishop and one child, three years old. The child should have been recorded at being three months old. Zopher Wheeler was born on June 12, 1820. This places into question where Stephen Van Rensselaer Wheeler was, as he was only two years old at the time. We could speculate, but that is best left for another day. Needless to say, it doesn’t seem likely that Stephen had received $30,000 and two years later was destitute, with belongings only appraised at $37.29. He lived in Canaan, New York at the time of the application for his pension, which he was granted. He was paid $8.00 a month, until his death on March 18, 1831 at the age of 70 years, six months and four days. He finished out his life in Stephentown, New York, as a farmer. He is buried in Goodrich Hollow Cemetery, 2nd row, on the left. His epitaph reads:

Farewell my friends both great and dear
I must appear for Jesus’ call
My flesh shall moulder in the clay
Until the General Judgement Day!”

His widow, Roxanna Bishop, daughter of Moses Bishop, outlived him by 15 years, dying on February 8, 1846, in her 60th year.

Stephen left four children, the oldest age 34, the youngest 9 years old. He also left a lot of mysteries, for us to unravel. I for one will never look at the Revolutionary War again without thinking of how it personally affected my family. If Stephen had died in that army hospital or during the Indian fighting, none of us would be here. It kind of brings things into perspective, doesn’t it? The events of over two hundred years ago have a profound effect on our lives today. America’s history is our personal history. Our ancestor’s brush with death and greatness made it possible for all of us to carry on the family name. Be proud of Stephen and all of the young men like him. If not for them, where would this country be today? He may not have become a rich man, but he certainly deserves our remembrance of him as a hero. His patriotism is to be honored. He sacrificed his youth to fight for a cause that he probably didn’t quite understand. That is what a hero is. Heroes give up something of themselves for the better good. He certainly did that and much more.

Note: Stephen’s son Zopher, was killed in Virginia during the Battle of Cold Harbor during the Civil War.

Stephen Wheeler’s signature as found on his pension application.

Early Merchants

Ira Eddy's Store

In the 1800’s and early 1900’s there was considerable manufacturing as well as farming throughout the area. Records tell us many stores were in operation.

In the bustling mill town of Stephentown Flats (Garfield) was one of the earliest stores. It was owned by Henry Platt and later by his son Henry Platt, Jr. The store failed in 1829 and there was an auction. Horace S. Wheeler and Charles H. Vary also had stores, selling dry goods, hardware and farming implements It is believed that the Vary Store was in operation between 1881 and 1921.

Horace S. Wheeler (d.Aug. 29, 1879 57y). He married Ann L. Platt, who d. August 8, 1881 53y

Charles H. Vary’s store and post office

In the eastern part of town, Jonathan J. Sweet and Randall A. Brown were partners. When the former died, the other storekeeper continued selling for 40 years (1850-1890). This building also housed the post office.

In North Stephentown (1778) a pioneer store was established by Joseph Westcott. A second store, the Lawrence Van Valkenburg store, was owned by Erastus Brown for many years. the Cranstons, John H. and Henry R., followed as keepers of this store. Later, Henry T. Douglas became owner. He was followed by his son-in-law, William Asa Gile.

Goold & Cranston

In Stephentown Depot, the Village, Henry Carpenter had both a small farm and a store (1870). He sold dry goods, groceries, coal and hardware. Later, William I. Cranston, who was in the livery business, operated this store. The Herman N. Brimmer general store was reported as having a telephone. Walter B. Goold and William S. Cranston sold drugs and medicines as well as general merchandise and hardware.

l-r:Emma Smith (1841-1908), Adeline Manchester Goold (1839-1916), married Walter B. Goold (1840-1927) and Mary Green.

Records show that Spencer C. Brown built a store in 1871. The business was passed on to his son Frederick, Sr.

Spencer C. Brown’s store

Around 1850, Horatio D. Coleman had a store in Little Mechanicville, now Stephentown Center.

Horatio D. Coleman. His daughter Edith May Coleman had a store in Stephentown.

There were at least two more stores in West Stephentown. Isaiah B. Coleman had a store, maintained a post office and served as Pastor of the Free Will Baptist Church. Daniel B. Griffin sold general merchandise from his store.

Today these stores are gone, replaced by other stores, small businesses and residences.

Sykes Store has had two locations and over 70 years of operation. The store was started by Walter C. Sykes and his wife Carrie Bateman Sykes. They are gone now, but the store is still running, under the capable leadership of Walt and Carrie’s son Paul and his wife.

Sykes Store at it’s first location, about 1929

Sykes Store at its current location on Main Street. Tina visited the store in August, 2003, and though things around it change, the inside and outside of the store look much the same as it has for as long as she can remember.

There have been many businesses in Stephentown, including: H. Brainard – which sold sheet metal products, furnaces, roofings, spouting, roof painting, general repair work

Calvin H. Atwater – dealer in all kinds of building material, builders hardware, plumbing and mason supplies

E.R. Potter – dealer in lumber, coal, feed, lime and cement (in operation in early 1900’s)

W.H. Atwater – seller of pine, hemlock, spruce, chestnut, and hard wood lumber, lath and four foot wood. He had a steam saw and planing mill

Bateman Motors – which sold cars

William A. Lapp – repairer and builder of all kinds of wagons and sleighs

William Lapp’s shop


William Lapp

Ira L. Eddy, son of Cyrus and Betsey Beers Eddy, had a store in Garfield (North Stephentown). He bought a new store in Stephentown, in 1908.

Ira Eddy Store, on Garfield Road. It once stood opposite the bridge on Presbyterian Hill Road between the Platt House and Hoags Store.

The Ira L. Eddy General Store and residence (store on right, residence the middle of the three buildings in this photo), built by Milo Daniels and operated by him until 1908, when Ira Eddy purchased it. It was located in back of the Vanderbilt House. (information taken from Stephentown Historical Society album #2, page 20)


More information

Find out more about the Lapp Family
Find out more about the Eddy Family
Vary Family

1900 Census

1900 Town of Stephentown Census

On the 1900 Federal Census, much more information was given, giving up a more accurate idea of the ages of our ancestors. Some of the abbreviations I used in this transcription are:

s= single; m=married; d=divorced; w=widowed; The others are pretty self-explanatory.
If you have corrections, please email me.

I did not list occupations on this census because of the amount of information on the census and the time it would have taken. The occupations were listed near the end of each persons entry. If you absolutely need the occupation of a person, I will attempt to look it up on the actual census for you.

The date beside the names of the people on this census is the month/year of their birth. This is followed by the age of the person and their marital status.

Any comment within () are the comments of this transcriber and did not appear on the actual census itself. The comments are there, for example, to associate the person on the census with a future spouse. These comments are taken from Tina’s personal research.

Lindsay, Joseph 11/1850 49y s
Mary sister 5/1848 52y s
Finkle, George servant 12/1849 50y s
Donahue, Anna servant 8/1883 16y s

Carr, Melvin 9/1850 49y m25
Francis H. 6/1856 43y 4/4
Clovis 11/1881 18y s (m. Perry Rathbun)
Calvin 8/1883 16y

Egleston, Alonson 11/1858 41y m11
Carrie 7/1872 27y 3/3
Julia 2/1895 5
Clifford 7/1891 8

Ellsworth, Rufus 1/1820 80y m57
Emily 6/1824 75 8/7

Miller, John 4/1837 62 m38
Margaret 7/1842 57 8/6
Fred 6/1863 37 s
Henry 9/1867 32 s
Irwin 7/1875 24 s
Jessie 11/1879 20 s
Hattie 12/1882 17 s

Saunders, Murray 6/1840 59y m28
Phebe 4/1843 57y 2/2
Phebe A. 9/1873 26 s
Charles N. 9/1879 20 s
Charles (father) 4/1816 84y m48
Phebe S. (mother) 4/1812 88 3/1

Hull, Fred B. 8/1859 40y m19
Pauline 2/1860 40 8/6
Earl B. 2/1888 12
Edith R. 8/1890 9
Flossie P. 1/1894 6
LeeGrand 11/1896 3
Alexander 10/1897 2
Gertrude 12/1899 5/12

Hayes, Henry 5/1833 67y m45
Louisa (James) 5/1835 65y 4/3

Whitaker, Charles 9/1876 25y m2
Sarah 1/1875 25y 1/1
Ethel 5/1899 1

Gardner, Caleb 3/1831 69y m45
Charlotte 7/1838 61y 6/6
Reno son 7/1861 38y s

Brockway, John 4/1821 79y m27
Caroline 5/1840 60y 0/0

Herrington, Pauline 11/1849 50y w 5/3
John 9/1875 24 s
Sarah 10/1877 22 s
Carrie 12/1881 18 s
Miller, Sophia mother 9/1814 85y w 6/4

Armsby, Clark 3/1827 73y m34
Mary 8/1849 50 3/3
Frank 9/2869 30 s

Merritt, Harvey 9/1841 58y m7
Addie wife 3/1877 23y 3/3
Harold D. 3/1894 6y
Rose G. 6/1895 4y
Rena P. 2/1898 2y
Walker, John servant 7/1883 16y

Shaw, Albert 3/1840 60y m35
Helen E. 10/1851 48y 6/5
Byron 9/1888 11y
Millard, Daniel J. s-i-law 12/1865 34y m8
Louise 8/1857 32y 1/1
Earl gr.son 8/1898 1y
Derby, Lawrence gr.son 6/1900 0/12

Gile, William 10/1844 55y m31
Caroline 6/1846 54y 3/2
Daisy 2/1874 26y s
Agnes 11/1877 22y s
Orien servant 1/1887 17y s

Harrington, Arthur 6/1864 31y m11
Mary 11/1872 27y 1/1
Rose 4/1892 8y

Manns, Joseph 12/1856 43y m17
Anna 9/1865 34y 2/2
Henry 9/1887 12y
William 6/1889 10y

Carpenter, Alton J. 7/1863 36y m12
Minnie 1/1869 31y 5/5
James H. 1/1889 11y
Fred M. 4/1892 8y
Alice R. 12/1894 5y
George E. 9/1897 2y
Mary 12/1899 5/12
Picenoble?, Friecello m-i-law 9/1836 63y w 3/1

Rose, Arthur 3/1864 36y m12
Esther D. 4/1863 37y 3/3
Henry A. 5/1890 10y
Roy d. 4/1892 8y
Grace A. 10/1896 3y

Halfin, Joseph 2/1846 54y m28
Mary E. 8/1846 53y 5/4
Edward G. 7/1873 26y
Mary A. 11/1882 17y
McFeeley, Edward b-i-law 9.1854 45y s

Sweet, Alonzo 3/1840 60y m35
Mary E. 10/1844 55y 2/2
Claude 12/1879 22y s
Wills, Whitman R. f-i-law 11/1816 w

Hoffman, Antoine 2/1845 55y m32
Mary E. 10/1848 51y 7/5
Rhebeth (dau) 5/1875 25y s
Peter 11/1882 17y
Jennie 3/1885 15y
John 11/1889 10y
Anna S. 5/1894 6y

Robinson, Patrick 3/1845 55y m26
Mary 3/1850 50y 7/7
Mary A. 1/1875 25y s
William H. 8/1878 21y s
Nellie M. 5/1883 17y s
Elizabeth P. 10/1888 11y
L.C. son 5/1876 8y

Robinson, James J. 6/1876 23y

Hoffman, Andrew 2/1848 52y m17
Rocella 10/1853 46y 11/11
Charles 12/1887 12y
Mary A. 6/1890 10y
Hattie R. 3/1892 8y
Edwin 3/1894 6y
Michael 2/1896 4y
Louisa 8/1897 2y

Whitman, Warren 7/1818 81y m61
Lucy A. 5/1821 73y 2/2
William H. 12/1847 52y m17
Louise D. d-i-law 4/1858 42y 2/2
Emma B. g-dau 5/1888 12y
Roy J. g-son 9/1890 9
Lamm, George servant 8/1860 39y w

Dibble, Frank 2/1865 54y m10
Ada M. 5/1872 28y 2/2
Horace 4/1893 7y
Theodore S. 2/1895 5y
Rose, Charles J. bdr 3/1859 41y w

Gardner, John C. 7/1859 40y m2
Clara 8/1866 33y 0/0

Nickling, Frank 11/1872 27y m6
Catharine 6/1872 27y 2/2
Bessie 11/1895 4y
Baby son 5/1900 0/12

McFeeley, Edwin 12/1861 38y

Minton, Milford 12/1830 69y m38
Anna 8/1831 65y 4/1
Lillian 5/1866 34y s
Carrington bro. 6/1832 68y s

Lillibridge, William 8/1840 59y m19
(Sweener) Maryette 10/1848 51y 3/3
Henry P. 3/1882 18y s.

Benedict, Lillian 8/1858 41y w 2/2
Sidney 2/1888 12y

Snell, Henry 2/1854 46y m23
Lillie 8/1878 21y s
Sarah 5/1881 19y
Mary A. 10/1882 17y
Joseph 6/1884 16y
Henry A. 1/1886 14y
John J. 12/1887 12y
Stephen 12/1890 9y
Walter 2/1893 7y
___son 12/1894 5
Louisa 12/1897 2y
Daniels, Richard servant 6/1843 56 s
Bolton, James servant 12/1859 40y s

Godfrey, Byron 8/1849 50y m18
Mary 9/1856 43y 6/6
Maud 2/1885 15y
Lottie 8/1886 13y
Martha 12/1887 12y
Gladis 6/1893 6
Byron C. 11/1897 2y
Denio son 8/1889 20y s

Bork, Mathew 11/1847 52y m25
Mary 6/1852 47y 10/8
Lana 8/1883 16y
Jennie 5/1886 14y
Christina 2/1889 11y
William 2/1892 8y
Henry 8/1895 4y
Len___, Maggie dau 12/1875 24y m1 0/0
Arthur s-i-law 9/1879 28y

Gardner, Noah 11/1854 45y m23
Elizabeth 10/1854 45y 0/0

Briggs, Benoni 11/1844 55y m14
Elizabeth 12/1863 36y 2/1
Beatrice 8/1891 8

McFeeley, Thomas 12/1848 51y m20
Catharine 5/1852 48 7/7
Nellie 3/1882 18y
Mark 10/1883 17y
Maggie 4/1885 15y
Aggie 4/1887 15y
Warren 3/1890 10y
Mary 7/1893 6
William 7/1898 1

Lapp, Conrad 11/1840 59y 36
Anna E. 7/1845 8/7
Emma H. 3/1878 22y s
Minnie M. 3/1881 19y
Lesley? M. son 2/1883 17y

Eldridge, Bertram 4/1854 46y m24
Alice E. 9/1856 43y 5/5
Ella L. 3/1877 23y
Dora D. 10/1887 14y
Robert C. 7/1887 12y
Raymond H. 4/1891 9y

Lindsey, M. male 3/1840 60 w

Tooley, John F. 9/1866 33y m12
Cora E. 11/1870 29y 6/6
Florence J. 3/1894 6y
Harry R. 9/1889 10y
Velna A. 8.1896 3y
Emma C. 2/1898 2
Elnathan J. 2/1898 1
Clarence A. 3/1900 5/12

Harding, Charles 12/1854 45y s
Christina mother 5/1818 81y w 2/1

Ross or Rose, Olney 2/1842 58y m23
Emma A. 1/1853 58 2/2
Frances E. 7/1880 19y s
Shaw, Frank E. servant 3/1884 16y

Rose, Amanda 7/1854 46y s

Brown, Thomas ? A. 5/1833 67y m28
Anna a. 8/1838 61y
John W. 8/1872 27 s
Edith E. 8/1881 18y s
Jones or James, Hattie A. servant 10/1860 39y w 3/2

Gardner, Fred 7/1869 31y m5
Adelaide 2/1879 30y 1/1
Helen M. 4/1898 2

Cranston, Emily 6/1840 59y w 1/1
Eldridge, Julie servant 1/1874 26y s

Snore?, George 4/1852 48y m28
Margerette 7/1851 48y 9/9
Elizabeth 8/1885 18y
Maggie 1888 12y
Bernard 8/1890 8y

Reichard, Stephen 8/1850 50y m10
Nellie B. 3/1866 34y 0/0
Sedgewick, Clarence nephew 2/1884 16y

Mamra? (Morris?), Charles 6/1859 40y m14
Deborah 3/1863 37y 4/4
Albert A. 6/1888 11y
George H. 5/1892 8y
Elizabeth 6/1894 6y
Walter A. 11/1897 2y

M__ery, Lewis 5/1850 50y m29
Jane 6/1853 46y 5/5
John H. 3/1879 21y s
Mary E. 11/1881 19y s
Rose A. 6/1883 16y

Sweet, Rufus 6/1823 66y m43
Eunice M. 11/1836 63y 3/3
Mary A. 4/1865 35y
James, Myrtle servant 12/1886 13y

Manns, Augustus 8/1824 75y w
Wetherly, Elizabeth dau. 6/1863 37y w 3/3
Francis H. g-son 7/1889 11y
Mary E. g-dau 5/1890 10y
Augustus g-son 8/1892 7y

Morris, Albert 1/1863 33y m10
Helen 3/1870 30y 5/4
Frank A. 1/1891 9y
Lewis M. 4/1873 7y
Lawrence E. 8/1894 5y
Edward 3/1900 2/12

Rowe, Garritt 7/1853 46y m23
May or Mary C. 12/1857 42y 5/5
Bessie M. 4/1884 16y
William K. 9/1885 14y
Susan e. 11/1898 11y
Charles F. 4/1892 8y

Shumway, Charles 3/1828 72y m37
Helen M. 3/1838 62y 3/3
Nellie H. 9/1868 31y s

Vincent, Martin 10/1837 62y m39
Almira O. 1/1841 59y 4/3
Griswold, Frank servant 5/1885 15y

Keller, John W. 10/1867 32y m3
Lillian L. 11/1875 24y 2/2
Henry 6/1897 2y
Fred 8/1899 9/12

Tayer, Lucy A. 7/1838 61y w 2/1
Sanford, Lucy A. dau. 7/1864 35y m14
Willis F. s-i-law 12/1843 56y 2/2
Sydney W. g-son 12/1886 13y
Ellen g-dau 8/1888 11y

Brown, Martha 6/1837 62y w 1/1
Weatherly, Zilla mother 12/1810 89y w 1/1
Snow, Addie dau. 4/1877 23 m0 0/0

Dean, Peter 4/1824 76y m58
Phebe 10/1827 72y 6/5

Chittenden, Difference? 4/1826 74y w 3/2
L____ dau. 5/1854 46y s

Jones, Polly a. 6/1829 70y w 2/2
Fannie A. dau. 12/1846 53y s
George E. son 9/1851 48y s

Coleman, Emma E. 10/1832 67 w 2/2 (m. Horatio Coleman, aka Race)
Edith M. dau. 5/1861 39 s

Waterman, Sylvester 9/1843 57y m30
Rosela A. 9/1843 56y 4/1
Hartie? L. dau. 3/1870 30y d 1/1
Ester M. g-dau 9/1889 10y
A__ Julia aunt 10/1817 82y w

Clark, Andrew J. 3/1848 52y m30
Carrie 3/1846 54y
Andrew G. 8/1874 25y s
Amanda 4/1876 24y s
Emerson C. 4/1880 20y m2
Aggie J. 10/1882 17
Carrie A. 8/1884 15y
Benjamin father 5/1826 74y m55
Phebe mother 8/1824 75y 1/1
Clara d-i-law 8/1876 23y m2 2/2
Alfred E. g-son 8/1898 1y
Leon g-son 4/1900 1/12

Keach, William H. 8/1827 72y m45
Sarah E. 9/1832 67y 0/0
Crandall, Maud niece 3/1887 12y

Goodrich, Alexander 12/1851 48y m20
Jennie A. 5/1869 31y 5/5
Peter 5/1889 11y
Sandy m. son 12/1891 8y
Florence 6/1894 5y
Bertha O. 10/1896 3y
Connors, Charles A. bdr. 12/1849 50y s

Chittenden, Martin 9/1859 41y m22
(Bly), Hattie E. 5/1862 38y 5/5
Claude A. 7/1888 11y
Bessie M. 12/1890 9y
Addie J. 7/1893 6y
Milton H. 12/1896 3y
Mary A. 4/1899 1y
Bly, Lottie niece 11/1882 17y
Keller, Jacob bdr. 4/1823 77y w

Briggs, Joseph 5/1828 72y m52
Ellen 10/1837 62 8/4
May g-dau 9/1885 14

Coleman, Irving R. 7/1856 43y m20
Louisa 2/1857 43y 5/5

Parker, James 3/1828 72y 52y
Betsey 5/1828 72y 9/7
George son 6/1849 50y s
Belle dau 11/1873 26y s

Fuller, William 12/1843 56y m. 29
Eliza J. 1/1843 57y 1/0

Arthur, ____ A. m22
Emma L. 6/1870 29y 1/1
Elizabeth F. 4/1890 10y

Chase, William L. 3/1836 64y m44
Amanda M. 7/1836 63y 3/1

Young, Christopher 9/1841 58y w

Wemple, Ezra 7/1843 56y m28
Mary 6/1844 56y 3/3
Ernest 2/1873 27y s
Clark 2/1873 27y

Roach, Thomas 7/1864 35y m8
Catharine E. 4/1871 29y 2/2
James F. 8/1893 6y
Elizabeth N. 4/1899 1y

Sweet, Charles R. 1/1854 46y

Half___, Michael 9/1833 66y w
William bro. 2/1822 78y w

Chittenden, Howard 9/1873 26y m6
Alice N. 6/1876 23y 1/1
Delbert J. 5/1896 4y

Carpenter, Elizabeth 2/1845 55y w 3/2
Howard D. 4/1874 26y s

Osgood, Henry Brown 10/1846 53y m30 (d. 1909)
(Hubbard) Harriet M. 4/1850 50y 8/4 (d. 1915)

Clendonin??, Harriet dau 11/1872 27y w 2/1
Paul g-son 8/1899 5/12
Elizabeth 11/1879 20y s
Hubbard, B.M. s-i-law 5/1855 45y s
Susan servant 6/1875 25y m2 0/0

Park, Robert J. 8/1866 33y m3
Mary A. 2/1876 24y 3y

Kittell, William 12/1831 68y m20
Helen M. 6/1837 62y 2/1
Herbert 10/1859 40y s

Barber, Isreal 4/1864 36y m9
Bridget 9/1859 40y 0/0
Crandall Ellen servant 12/1859 40y 3/3
Henry bdr. 3/1895 5y

Brimmer, Herman M. 8/1845 54y m31 (d1917)
(Cranston), Augusta 9/1845 54y 1/1
Rose, Julius s-i-law 7/1869 30y m7
Bertha A. dau 4/1869 31y 1/1
Augusta g-dau 8/1894 5y

Cassady, Frank 3/1839 63y m40
Ann 4/1837 63y 1/1
John F. 7/1867 32y m11
May d-i-law 6/1868 31y 1/1
Roma g-dau 9/1890 9y

Eldridge, John 12/1845 51y m29
Nettie 9/1851 48y 0/0
Corey, Hannah m-i-law 3/1814 86y w 6/4
Brown, Fred bdr 9/1879 20 s
Shumway, Herbert 4/1872 28y s
Callender, Br__ey 6/1875 25y s

Daniels, Milo 3/1841 59y m32
Catharine S. 5/1845 55y 3/2
William 5/1874 26y s
Augusta 9/1870 29y s

Potter, Elisha R. 6/1835 64y m16
Anna M. 9/1861 38y 2/2
Agnes N. 9/1886 13y
Gertrude 2/1893 7y

Poller, George 10/1851 48y m23
Mary M. 10/1859 42y 8/8
Alice I 8/1877 22y s
Agnes M. 9/1883 16y
May J. 1/1877 13y
Maggie 6/1889 10y
Harriet 2/1831 9y
Hugh S. 7/1893 6
John 10/1899 7/12

Wheeler, Mary A. 9/1838 w 6/2
Edwin B. 5/1870 30y m9
Flossie M. dau. 3/1877 23y s (m. Fred Jones)
Brown, James bdr. 8/1853 46y s

Lamm, Arthur 8/1855 46y m26
Julie 12/1857 42y 4/3
Arthur J. 8/1889 10y

Cranston, Edwin A. 3/1860 40y m17
Grace 7/1867 32y 3/3
Henry 3/1886 14y
Rose 3/1886 14y
Julius 12/1893 6y

Houghtling, Fred 4/1850 50y m29
(Hayes)Eunice 1/1860 40y 9/8 (d/o Henry and Louisa P. (James) Hayes
Henry 6/1873 26y s (m. Sophie Miller)
Flora 7/1879 20y s (m. Franklin Sweener)
May 4/1882 18y s
Amos 12/1884 15y
Lloyd 9/1891 8y
Clara D. 7/1891 8y (m. Charles Moon)
Spencer D. 6/1893 6y
Walter 5/1897 3y

Vary, Jeremiah 7/1807 91y w
Willit A. son 12/1834 65y w
Mary E. 8/1848 51y s

Roberts, John 2/1854 46y m27
Lillian 2/1854 46y 3/2
George 10/1894 25y
Ira 9/1892 7y

Nealon, Bernard 3/1846 54y m27
Mary 10/1854 45y 10/9
John A. 4/1875 25y s
Lewis A. 6/1884 15y
Bessie 6/1886 13y
Morris 5/1890 10y
Dortha 7/1893 6y

Pratt, Martin 2/1866 34y m5
Bertha 6/1878 21y 3/1
Daisy 11/1896 3y
Hazel 11/1898 1y

Hatch, _______ 7/1836 64y m38
Louisa 6/1840 59 38y 1/1

Hatch, William 5/1872 28y m4
Jessie M. 12/1874 25y 0/0

Hatch, John C. 12/1831 68y m33
L___ M. 8/1837 62y 3/2
Nora 10/1871 28y s
Burton P. 11/1874 25y s

Pease, Charles N. 9/1856 43y m9
Effa M. 5/1860 40y 4/4
Arthur L. 8/1893 6y
Harvey N. 5/1895 5y
Dorthea E. 9/1886 3y
Walter L. 2/1900 2/12
Jones, Fred 12/1885 15y (m. Flossie Wheeler)

Trumball, Herman 2/1867 33y m10
Mary 5/1867 33y 0/0

Leavonworth, George 8/1869 30y m10
Ida H. 12/1865 34y 1/1
Anna B. 12/1891 8y

Southard, John 6/1856 43y m17
Irena 11/1865 34 6/6
Allen J. 8/1885 14y
Ethel F. 7/1888 11y (d. 1929 m. Wm. F. Shaw Jr.)
Grace 8/1890 9y
Weber ? 3/1894 5y
Lelila 10/1894 5y
William M. 2/1898 2 (d. 1935)

Mann, Henry 3/1855 45y m20
Louise A. 12/1859 40y 0/0

Brown, William 2/1863 37y m12
Mary L. 5/1869 31y 4/4
Lewis M. 1/1889 10y
Alexander J. 4/1891 9y
Mary I. 5/1894 6
Clarence J. 7/1898 1

McGrave?, Thomas 12/1868 31y s

Southward, nelson 6/1867 33y s

Knapp, E___E. 6/18__ m22
E_____ 9/1854 45y 4/4
Hamilton A. 6/1880 19y
Edna A. 11/1882 17y
Grover E. 12/1884 15y

Shaw, Emerson 12/1848 51y m21
Huldah 4/1852 48y 5/5
Nora 11/1875 24y
William 12/1887 12y

Horton, Frank 6/1834 66y m38
Anna B. 12/1839 61y 4/3
Addie E. 1/1871 29y s
Howard F. 6/1877 22y s

Goodrich, Eugene 2/1847 53y m20
Jennie A. 3/1858 42y 3/3
V___ M. dau 3/1882 18y
Edith E. 2/1885 15y
Beatrice R. 3/1888 12y

Carpenter, George H. 10/1844 55y m29
Mary L. 11/1849 50y
Charles M. 8/1873 26y s
Fred A. 1/1875 25y s
Mabel L. 1/1881 19y s
Milton J. 1893 7y
Olive M. 5/1891 9

Russell, Joseph 10/1859 40 m21
An___ 3/1859 41y 4/4
Elizabeth E. 5/1883 17y
Margarite 6/1887 12y
Louise R. 5/1889 11y (d. 1959 m. John Louis Dee)
Dorothy E. 10/1893 6y

Wylie, Henry A. 1/1849 51y m19
Elizabeth 2/1856 44y 3/3
James K. 5/1883 17y
Abbie L. 8/1885 14y
Harry D. 1/1892 8y (d. 1952 m. Dorothea A. Hansen)

Feeley, Henry 8/1877 22y m1
Fannie J. 5/1874 0/0

Provost, Joseph 11/1837 62y m20
Alice 12/1850 49y 3/2

Provost, Albert 9/1869 30y m4
Sarah E. 3/1871 29y 1/1
Alice 12/1898 1

Snell, Thomas 12/1860 39y m15
Carrie A. 1/1863 37y 5/4
John L. 8/1886 13y
Ina E. 4/1890 10y
Martha E. 12/1892 7y
B. Dewey 3/1898 2y

Carpenter, Philander 1/1827 73y m33
Amanda 9/1840 59 3/3
Lenora E. 11/1869 30y s
Lula I. 8/1874 25y s

Pease, Emma 2/1856 44y s
Milton E. nephew 6/1882 17y

Gavitt, Frank N. 7/1844 55y m. 32 2/2
(Eldridge) Jennie M. 3/1844 56y 2/2
Arthur J. 9/1876 23y s (d. 1961 m. Dora B. Eldridge)
Smith, Lillian N. bdr 5/1888 12y
Perkins, Morgan bdr 6/1866 34

Decker, Loren 10/1866 33y m10
Laura L. 5/1867 31y 2/2
Clarence A. 11/1890 9y
Franklin D. 9/1894 5y

Carlton, George 11/1844 45y m18
Anna F. 8/1859 41y 3/2
Arthur C. 11/1884 15y
Floyd A. 9/1889 10y

Gavitt, George 8/1828 71y m50
Nancy 6/1829 70y 2/1

Roach, John 12/1862 37y m14
Mary N. 9/1862 37y 6/4
Catharine mother 6/1830 70y w 4/3
Margaret M. 8/1891 8y
Alice L. 7/1893 6y
Lucy A. 7/1896 3y
Charles J. 3/1899 1y

Carpenter, Elmira 9/1842 57y w 2/1
Kingdon, Howard son 4/1871 29y w
Shaw, Else niece 10/1878 21y s
Ostrander, Bessie bdr 6/1884 15y s

Russell, William 6/1835 65y m46
Harriett E. 11/1835 64y 6/6
Virginia R. 4/1857 43y s
Snow, Jacob bdr 12/1882 17y s

Carpenter, Amelia 2/1840 60y w 1/1
Maude dtr 8/1863 36y s
Houghtling, Anna bdr 11/1835 64y s

Bourne, Myron 10/1837 62y w

Vickery, Willard 10/1843 56y m27
Pernilla 6/1848 52y 2/2
Clara 9/1876 23y s
Arvilla dtr 8/1879 20y s

Moffitt, Nancy 9/1834 65y w 2/1
Bennett, Martha sister 11/1826 73y s

Pratt, Sylvanus 12/1871 28y m7
Mary 10/1853 46y 0/0

Jolls, Martin 11/1843 56y m22
Edith M. 10/1859 40y 2/2
Felix R. 7/1878 21y s
Mabel A. 6/1880 19 s
Doty, james W. 9/1845 54 s

Graves, William 1/1840 60y m37
Frances 8/1840 59y 4/2
George W. 10/1872 27y s

Sweener, Wilson 8/1873 36y m5 (adopted son of Pascal Sweener & Sarah Carr; birth son of Eleanor Kittle and Andrew Dodge)
(Wheeler) Ada Belle 4/1874 25 2/2 (d/o Milo Wheeler & Mary E. Houghtling)
Freddie 8/1895 4y (mother- Maud Whitman)
Ulis (Ulysses) 6/1899 11/12

Newton, Duane 4/1852 48y w (d. 6/6/1929 m. Fannie C. Saunders)
Mabel dtr 3/1879 21y
Peck, Edwin s-i-law 4/1872 28y
Addie dtr 1/1876 24y 2/2
Gertrude g-dau 8/1896 3y
Morris g-son 7/1898 1y

Geerholt, Nicholas 12/1854 45y m23
Rachel 9/1860 39y 7/7
Elmer 5/1879 21 m0
Lillie d-i-law 10/1883 16y 0/0
George 3/188119y
Irving 4/1883 17y
Ina 6/1885 14y
Fred 4/1887 13y
Ella 2/1889 11y
William 7/1892 8y

Dean, Jacob 6/1854 45y m19
Ottille 2/1852 48 0/0
Lamm, Freda bdr. 8/1864 35 s

Chase, Lorenzo 12/1840 59y m36
Mary 12/1845 56 0/0

Tooley, Hial 7/1836 64y m38
Delia 10/1844 55y 2/2
Craver, Betsey m-i-law 3/1819 81y w 6/2
Beckman, Rudolph bdr 4/1827 73y w

Segar, Frank 3/1860 40y w
Howard 9/1885 14y
Harry 7/1890 9y
Freeman c. father 10/1824 75y m47
Sarah mother 10/1834 65y 4/3

Atwater, William Haynes 2/1847 53y m25
Ella B. 7/1859 40y 9/7
Gertrude 11/1876 23y s
Calvin H. 10/1881 18y
William Haynes, Jr. 10/1883 16y
Blanche E. 7/1886 12y
Dell A. 4/1888 12y
John A. 4/1894 6y
May E. 4/1898 2y
Bradway, Elijah G. 6/1841 58y w
Bogart (Vanderbogart), Osborne bdr. 9/1880 19y
Hoag, Benjamin bdr. 3/1865 35y s

Fuller, Anthony 5/1830 70y m12
Millie? 11/1835 64y 1/1

Fitzgerald, Michael 1/1853 47y m17
Mary 5/1852 48 7/7
Mary E. 3/1884 16y
Margaret 12/1886 13y
James C. 6/1890 10y
George 3/1891 9y
La__ W. son 3/1891 9y
Francis 4/1893 7y
Mc__thin, celia aunt 3/1820 80 w 2/0

Lapp, Andrew 5/1859 41y m11
Carrie 3/1861 39y 0/0

Brown, William 9/1848 51y m18
Louisa I. 9/1844 55y 2/2
Lucy A. 6/1884 15y
Ena R. dtr 4/1886 14y

Alderman, Elijah 10/1839 60y m30
Augusta 3/1843 57y 1/1

Daniels, _____ 1/1877 23y m6
Eva L. 12/1874 25y 0/0
Cowen, Edwin bdr. 4/1865 35y m6
Elb__ bdr 11/1877 22y 0/0
Gould, Chenevoy bdr 12/1865 34y m11
Minnie bdr 6/1864 35y s
Satterlee L____ bdr 3/1870 30y s

Cranston, William L. 4/1850 50y m32
(Bull)Ida B. 4/1854 46y 1/1
Clara L. 2/2875 25y s
Bull, Myra A. (Gardner) m-i-law 11/1830 59y w 2/2 (d. 1926-m. Ralph M. Bull)

Kittell, Charles W. 8/1860 39y m5
Jennie E. 3/1861 39y 0/0
Wilson S. son 9/1882 17y
Alma F. dau. 4/1885 15y

Doty, Andrew 6/1831 68y w (d. 1906 s/o Deborah Coleman & Halsey Doty; m. Sarah Mills)
Elva dau. 10/1877 22y s

Doty, Franklin W. 10/1869 30y m8 (d. 1932)
(Clark) Grace C. 9/1872 27 4/3 d. 1937
Tina M. 4/1895 5y
Martha A. 3/1896 4y
Andrew 5/1899 1y

Brown, Thomas 10/1867 32 m12
Maud 7/1871 28y 2/1
Lester J. 9/1890 9y

Beaudoin, George 10/1857 42y m. 15
Egilda 2/1857 43y 5/5
Joseph 4/1887 13y
Delia 10/1889 10y
Rosanis 9/1893 5y
Arthur 6/1895 4y

Miller, Henry 3/1872 28y s

Lapp, William A. 4/1865 35y m10
Hattie E. 2/1871 29y 5/5
Vernon 4/1891 9y
Roy 7/1899 1y
Alonson 2/1896 4y
Lillian A. 2/1898 2y
Gerald F. 2/1900 3/12

Eldridge, Nathaniel 6/1820 80y m16
Amanda 10/1823 76 0/0

Conklin, James 7/1848 51y m2
L___u 3/1898 22y 2/2
James 2/1899 1y
John 4/1900 1/12

Chalmer, Cl____ 8/1857 42y m4
C___ L. 10/1870 29y 3/2
Maud E. 5/1887 13y
Mary A. 6/1896 3y
Reynolds R. 10/1899 9/12
Snell, Matilda servant 8/1879 20y s
Briggs, Edith M. bdr 5/1874 26y s

Alderman, David 11/1851 48y w
Emeline? Mother 7/1828 71y w 8/3
Hattie dau 4/1890 10y

Lamm, Herman 9/1820 70y m7
Safronia 5/1836 64y 3/3

Glass, Caroline 4/1808 92y w 0/0
Jones, Susan d. sister 12/1822 77y s

Eddy, Ira L. 4/1862 38y m6
Emma L. 6/1871 28y 1/1
Bessie L. 5/1895 5y
Greenman, Edmond bdr 6/1871 28y s

Brodway, Eustis 7/1826 64y m34
Elizabeth 5/1847 53y 34y 4/3
Douglas A. 10/1867 32y s

Dickenson, L____ 7/1850 49y m20
Susan 4/1846 54y 0/0

Goold, Walter 6/1840 60y m35
Adeline 7/1840 50y 0/0

Reynolds, John 9/1859 40y m16
Olive A. 3/1866 34y 3/3
Lucy b. 12/1884 15y
Ernest F. 7/1889 10y
Harry 12/1877 2y

Sweener, Lewis (Napoleon) 6/1855 44y m23
(Harrington) Lydia 12/1853 46y 3/3
Frank 1/1878 22 m/0
(Houghtling) Flora L. 7/1879 20y 0/0
Paschal 6/1884 15y
George 5/1886 14y

Platt, Clara (Benjamin) 8/1845 54y w 2/1 (m. Theodore A. 1843-1893, s/o Theo.D. & Anna (Gardner) D. Platt)
Floyd 2/1876 24y m4
Martha d-i-law 6/1879 20y 1/1
Emma g-son 3/1899 1y

Platt, Theodore D. 3/1818 82y m49
(Gardner) Anna Drucilla 7/1824 74y 3/2

Platt, William H. 3/1847 53y m34 (d. 1937)
Lida L. 9/1846 53y 0/0 (d. 1921)

Vary, Charles H. 4/1837 63y w
Lapp, Henry F. s-i-law 4/1872 28y m4
Elizabeth R. dtr 10/1869 30y 1/1
Lucretia s. g-dtr 9/1898 1y

Adams, Betsey 6/1829 70y w 2/1
Etta or Ella 4/1861 39y w 1/1
Solomon bdr 3/1832 69y w
Maggie g-dtr 4/1887 13y

Rose, Ralph 5/1875 25y s
Amanda mother 4/1839 63y w 5/1
Maude d-i-law 3/1878 22y w 3/3
_____ niece 7/1894 5y
L.S. nephew 4/1896 4y
F.E. niece 3/1898 2y

Reynolds, Elisha 9/1858 41y m20
Elna 6/1860 39y 4/4
Hattie A. 12/1879 20y
Flora J. 11/1883 16y
Lena M. 12/1889 10y
Lillian 5/1891 9y

Reynolds, Angeline 3/1832 68y w 5/3

Bennett, Percy 5/1861 39y m11
Elizabeth M. 11/1868 31y 3/2
Grace E. 5/1896 4y
Caroline E. 9/1898 1y
Walter bro. 8/1863 36y s

Rose, Milton 12/1853 46y m20
Etta 10/1855 44y 3/2
Homer E. 5/1881 19y
George G. 9/1883 16y
Clara niece 4/1893 7y

Reynolds, Erastus 4/1825 75y m9
Clara P. 7/1856 45y 1/1
Ruth F. 6/1892 8

Moffitt, John Jay 6/1831 69y m47 d. 10/3/1911 s/o Amy Clark & Jay Moffitt
(Gardner)Lucy 8/1835 64y 2/0
Ford, Charles M. g-son 11/1882 17y

Tayer, George A. 4/1838 62y m30
Effie 12/1848 51y 4/4
Joseph 4/1877 23
Helen 11/1881 18y

Hayes, Benjamin 9/1869 30y m11
Anna D. 8/1877 32y
Hazel L. 12/1895 4y
Adelaide mother 3/1838 62y w (Adelaide Victoria Tayer; m. Elisha Greenfield Hayes)
Dimond, Edward bdr. 1/1870 30y s

Thomas, Johnathan 4/1843 57y m10

Fellows, Lorenzo 6/1822 77y w
Lee, Edward bdr 4/1861 39y s
Hager, Gertrude 1858 42y m14 0/0

Smith, Jeremiah 7/1838 61y w
Ida L. 1/1867 33y s
Goodermote, Flora D. dtr 3/1871 29y w 3/3
Carrie g-dau 9/1893 6y
Ella g-dau 9/1895 4y
Gerald g-son 8/1897 2y

Goodermote, Albert 9/1860 39y m16
Mary 8/1866 33y 3/3
Byron 6/1885 15y
Lewis 9/1886 13y
Mildred M. 6/1890 9y

Bateman, _____thus 7/1837 62y 44y
Harriet 6/1839 61y 2/1
Emma g-dau 9/1878 21y s

Fellows, Frank 10/1852 47y m16
Eunice 6/1858 41y 0/0
Gillet, Frank servant 6/1878 22y s
Fallen, Ambrose servant 4/1877 23y s
Williams, mary servant 5/1841 59y s

Smith, Albert 10/1869 31y m8
Jennie M. 10/1876 23y 2/1
Martin L. 3/1895 5y
Todd, David servant 6/1873 26y s

Reynolds, Hiram 7/1839 60y m34
Clarissa 11/1845 54y 3/3
Green, Hiram bdr. 3/1828 72y w

Quinlan, Edward 2/1840 60y w
Bateman, Lizzie dtr. 7/1875 24y m1 0/0
Charles s-i-law 7/1876 23y
Quinlon, Francis 7/1880 19 s
Mary E. 9/1878 21y s
Edward 11/1882 17y
Catharine L. 10/1885 14y
John L. 3/1889 11y

Maher, Bridget 5/1815 85y w 6/4
Catharine dtr 5/1852 48y s

Jenks, John 4/1854 46y m25
Lydia 9/1854 45y 13/8
Hattie 1/1877 23y s
Samuel 7/1883 17 s
John Jr. 10/1884 15y
Addie 5/1886 14y
George 10/1890 9y
Ella 12/1891 8y
Minnie 1/1895 5y

Hunt, Frank 10/1846 53 m30
Lina R. 2/1860 40 2/1
George P. 12/1879 20 s

Sutherland, Katharine P. 4/1846 54 w 5/4
Paul 2/1871 29 s
Eva G. 4/1876 24 s
Pearl 12/1879 21 s

McForley, Jane 1/1865 35y s
Nolan, Eddie nephew 10/1884 15y
Anna niece 9/1885 14y
Malone, Richard nephew 3/1890 10y

______ , Wellington 6/1835 65y m37
Elizabeth A. 12/1845 54y 12/7
Ira D. 10/1878 20y
Nellie 1/1889 11y
Wellington 9/1890 9y

Nash, John 6/1830 70y w

Ennis, James H. 3/1851 49y m19
Dora W. 4/1862 38y 5/4
Carrie E. 5/1883 17y
L___ E. dtr. 10/1885 14y
Erma M. 4/1893 7y
Jaz B. son 5/1895 5y

Whitman, Reuben L. 7/1868 31y m10
L___ R. 12/1869 30y 3/3
Ira H. 1/1891 9y
Perry A. 7/1884 5y
Leroy 4/1898 2y

Whitman, Ira 3/1824 76y m50
Elizabeth A. 3/1834 66y 4/4
Jolls, Clara E. dtr 10/1854 45y m25 2/1
Horton, Sybil 7/1817 82y w 0/0
Jolls, Irma E. g-dau 12/1890 9y

Bateman, Albert 6/1864 35y m16
Nellie 7/1865 34y 3/3
Horace 11/1891 8y
Chauncy 11/1897 2y (m. Olive)
Carrie 5/1900 0/12 (m. Walter Sykes)
Barton, Clarine servant 6/1883 17y
Barton, Fred servant 4/1882 18y

Strait, Orry 1/1830 70y w
Eugene A. 10/1852 47y m11
Minnie J. d-i-law 6/1864 36y 3/3
Alvin E. g-son 8/1889 10y
Orry g-son 2/1892 8y
Andrew g-son 6/1894 6y

Wilson, Patty E. 6/1827 72y w 1/1
Lewis son 4/1863 37y s

Harris, Dease 8/1841 58y m36
Catharine 9/1842 57y 5/5

Kittel, Mary 3/1829 71y w 9/4
William 2/1871 29y s
Andrews, Mary dtr 12/1873 26y m8 2/1
Fred s-i-law 2/1873 27y
L___ g-dau 5/1893 7y

Brookner, Charles 6/1871 28y m7
Addie M. 5/1874 26y 1/1
Nelson A. 8/1895 4y

Hunt, George T. 9/1848 51y w
Irving 7/1875 24y s
Hasson, Jane servant 4/1862 38y w 0/0

Rollo, Luther M. 2/1845 55y s (s/o John Augustus Rollo & Harriet Carpenter)
Caroline sister 1/1836 64y s

Kittell, John 3/1838 62y m27
Sarah 4/1843 58y 0/0
Carrie (adopted dau) 4/1879 21y s

Holcomb, Rachel (Rollo) 4/1841 59y w 2/1 (m. John Franklin Holcomb, s/o George and Lucinda Pease Holcomb)
Mildred 8/1872 27y s

Ward, Michael 6/1827 73y m45
Bridget 12/1827 72y 10/10

Dymond, William 11/1864 35y s
Alderman, Sarah (Reynolds) servant 4/1874 26y m13 0/0 (m. David Alderman)

Pratt, James 3/1862 38y m4 (d. 1917)
Nellie 11/1869 30y 2/2 (Nellie J. Nye Carr; d. 1935)
Fredrick 5/1890 10y
Minnie 8/1892 7y
Florence 11/1897 2y (d. 1987; m. Douglas H. Wolcott)
Blanche 8/1899 9/12 (d. 1969; m. Wm. Paul Wemette)

Odell, Edward 3/1862 38y s
James father 3/1822 78y w

Schiller, Edward 3/1856 44y m14
Fannie 6/1866 33y 4/2
Eddie 2/1889 11y
William 2/1895 5y

Walley, Wm. Douglas 12/1835 64y m41 (d. 1903)
(Morris) Amanda 4/1835 65y 2/2
Fannie 8/1875 24y

Thompson, Charles 3/1842 58y m27
Mary 11/1844 55y 3/2
Harry E. 5/1885 15y

Turner, Hiram 11/1864 35y m17
Lovina 3/1869 31y 7/7
George 8/1885 14y
Nettie 5/1887 13y
Myrtis 2/1892 8y
Daisy 2/1893 7y
Delmer 12/1894 5y
Ernest 7/1897 2y
Agnes 8/1899 9/12

Smith, Frank 3/1862 38y m16
Sarah 6/1868 31y 4/2
Almon R. 8/1895 4y
Edith L. 2/1899 1y

Mull, Henry 4/1831 69y m40
Jane 6/1834 66y 3/3

Sweener, George 6/1854 42y m19
Mary 2/1856 44y 7/6
Henry 10/1885 14y
Louis 6/1888 11y
Fred 4/1890 10y
Albert 5/1892 8y

Shackart, Christian 6/1870 29y m1
Maggie 10/1881 18y 0/0
Anna 1/1884 16y

Odell, George 3/1848 52y m33
Elizabeth 6/1844 55y 2/2

Palmer, John 8/1853 46y m9
Phebe E. 6/1848 52y 0/0
Charles H. bro. 12/1839 60y w (d. 1904; m. Emeline A.)

Garvey, Eratus 5/1840 60y m24
Louisa 5/1839 61y 0/0

Odell Robert A. 1/1872 28y m8
(Palmer)Nellie 8/1872 27y 8y 2/2 (d. 1930)
Lena b. 9/1893 6y
Herbert A. 2/1897 3y
Palmer, Weeden f-I law 7/1840 59y w

Gaylor, David 10/1850 49y m23
Mary J. 6/1860 39y 5/5
John 2/1882 18y
Minnie 11/1883 16y
Austin 7/1889 10y
Deil 5/1892 8y

Garrison, Mitchell 11/1871 28y m8
Florence 4/1879 22 3/3
Thomas M. 7/1894 5y
Ruth 6/1897 3y
Olive 12/1899 5/12

Clark, Anna 2/1855 45y w 2/1
Anna J. adopted 8/1893 6y

Hasson, Sarah M. 5/1852 48y w 7/7 (m. Jared)
Boughton J. 3/1881 19y (m. Carrie; d. 1964)
Clarence A. 2/2886 14y

Segar, Jay 12/1848 51y m27
Martha 4/1856 44y 2/0

Schillinger, George 6/1848 52y m26
Eunice L. 10/1852 47y 5/4
Elisha H. /1877 22y
Andrew A. 4/1881 19y
Wilson F. 9/1889 12y
Ira b. 11/1893

Perkins, Silas 3/1853 47y m18
Nancy A. 1/1856 4/2
Harry A. 1/1884 16y
Lesley r. 4/1895 5y

Huntington, Nathaniel 9/1843 57y m31
Rose 5/1845 54y 1/1
Turner, Mary dtr 3/1874 26y 0/0
Sidney s-i-law 6/1871 29y

Jones, Lydia A. 9/1852 47y w 0/0

Allen, William 5/1855 45y m21
Lucy 6/1848 52y 3/3
Charles 3/1877 23y s
Irving 6/1883 16y
Florence 7/1886 13y
Hoag, Charles servant 10/1875 24y

Kipp, Peter 12/1829 70y m44
Amerit 6/1834 65y
Lewis 7/1865 34y s
Helen 10/1876 23y s
William g-son 2/1891 9y

Kipp, John 11/1858 41y m11
Olive 5/1859 41y 1/1

Finch, Samuel 1/1828 72y w
Mildred dau 11/1866 33y m10 1/1 m. Harry H. Hayes
Brown, Nellie g-dtr 12/1884 5y
Mahony M. son-in-law 11/1849 50y 1/1
Alice dau 43y m10

Strait, Alfred 1/1845 55y m30

Sweener, Paschal 1/1824 76y m56
(Carr, Sarah) Parthenia 12/1827 72y 5/4 (dau. Maryette d. before 1900)
Carr, Briton b-i-law 2/1820 80y w

Goodrich, Alexander 5/1829 71y w

Staples, Otis 8/1840 59y m28
Maggie 2/1852 48y 4/3
William Otis 3/1886 14y (m#1-Jennie Martin d/o Dewitt Martin & Ada Belle Wheeler- husband #2 was Wilson Sweener adopted son of Paschal and Parthenia Sweener. William Otis’ second wife was Anna Sweener, d/o George W. Sweener, son ofMichael 2/1896 4yByron 6/1885 15y Paschal and Parthenia Sweener. Jennie died very young, and Anna raised Jennie’s son Frederick Staples, who married Francis Rathbun)
Fred 3/1891 9y

Mull, Jessie 7/1898 21y m3
Anna 6/1878 22y 0/0

Wise, Andrew 5/1845 50y m25
Margaret 11/1854 40y 2/1

Bailey, Willard 8/1871 29y m9
Anna R. 6/1872 28y 2/2
Clarence 6/1891 8y
Grace 9/1897 2y

Casey, Waldo 9/1826 73y w
Martin 8/1851 48y m11
Catharine d-i-law y/1848 51y 0/0

Ellsworth, John 4/1866 34y m16
Belle 9/1859 40y 2/2
Daisey 9/1891 8y

Herrington, George 11/1831 68y w
John A. 4/1870 30y s
Carrie bdr. 12/1876 23y

Watson, Daniel 1/1853 47y m21
Mary E. 10/1843 56y 2/2
Freddie 9/1882 17y
Esther mother 4/1818 82 w 5/4

Herrington, Lorenzo 4/1818 82y m53
Sarah 9/1825 74y 10/4
William 7/1878 21 s
Charles 1/1884 16y

Carr, John 4/1845 55y m31
Mary 10/1844 55y 7/7
Byron 12/1879 20y s
Addie 6/1884 15y
Lane, Henry servant 1/1869 31y s

Watters, Nathan 10/1848 51y w

Knight, Adelbert 2/1876 24y s
Bertha d-i-law 2/1861 39y d 2/2

Carr, Erastus 4/1825 75y m45
(Kittle), Mary A. 10/1854 65y 5/4
Libbie 6/1866 37y s
William H. 2/1862 38y m5
Florence d-i-law 10/10/1876 23y 1/1
Alice g-dau 28y 8/1871
Edson g-son 6/1891 8y
Ella g-dau 5/1898 2y

Cole, Samuel 3/1816 84y m58
Elsie M. 7/1823 76y 3/2

Cole, John 3/1847 53y m29
Finey? 9/1851 48y 3/3
Frank 6/1877 22y s
Addie 5/1889 20y
Calvin 6/1895 4y

Hasson, James M. 7/1844 55y m23
(Hunt) Celestia M. 4/1845 55 1/1 (4/21/1845-5/22/1909)
Laura 6/1881 18y s. (m. George W. Sweener – s/o Paschal & Parthenia Sweener)
Hunt, L___, M. sis-i-law 3/1852 48y s

Warren, Aaron 10/1823 76y m39
Julia A. 6/1842 57y 7/6
Parke, William g-son 5/1892 8y

Reynolds, Frederick 7/1872 27y s

Steers?, Paul 1860 40y m11
Jennie 10/1871 28y 3/2
Ella 2/1891 9y
Ray 2/1894 6y

Kennedy, William 7/1820 70y m44
Mary 10/1828 71y 3/2
Peterson, William g-son 6/1875 24y s

Williams, Edgar 5/1870 30y m6
Delia 8/1875 24y 1/1
Nellie 10/1874 5y

B__k, Smith 5/1818 82y m32
Eliza 6/1834 61y 8/7

Carpenter, Harriet M. 11/1818 82y w 2/1

Dodd, William H. 11/1869 30y m2
Rena M. 5/1870 30y 1/1
William H. Jr. 3/1899 1y
Sarah G. mother 12/1837 62y w
Crandall, Rose? Servant 8/1888 11y

Harrington, Benjamin 4/1837 63y m31
Martha A. 6/1846 53y 3/2
Martha G. 9/1885 14y

Reynolds, James b. 6/1866 33y m12
Carrie A. 6/1864 35 4/3
Mary J. 3/1885 15y
Myrtle A. 1/1890 10y
Frank B. 9/1882 7y

Williams, Henry 6/1836 64y w
Snow, Marie servant 62y m 1/1

Cherevoy, William 1/1842 58y m30 (d. 3/10/1907)
(Woodward) Sophia M. 10/1834 48y 0/0 d. 12/29/1928)
Goodrich, Geneva servant 7/1866 34y s

Vary, Myron 8/1845 54y w
Pulver, Augusta servant 6/1869 35y w 2/1
Brushy, Solomon J. bdr. 6/1860 39y m3
Nellie A. bdr. 4/1880 20y 1/1
Lillian I. bdr. 8/1899 9/12

Allen, Charles H. 1/1850 50y m27
(Reynolds) Harriet E. 8/1854 45y 9/9 (d/o Nathan Reynolds)
Nathan J. 3/1882 18y (d. 1937)
Charles H. Jr. 6/1885 14y
Minnie E. 1/1888 12y
Maggie M. 10/1889 11y
Marion I. 4/1893 7y
Rachel A. 1/1895 5y
Lillian R. 5/1897 3y

Sweener, George W. 3/1875 25y m3
Mary J. 12/1877 22y 2/2
Irving A. 4/1898 2y
Lewis E. 2/1900 3/12

Cross, Priscilla 3/1853 47y w 3/3
Earl E. 4/1881 19y
Lena M. 4/1885 15y
Wheeler, Frank bdr. 6/1876 23 s

Tooley, Fidello 6/1830 70y m38
Orselia 4/1844 56y 2/2

Hall, Gideon 9/1834 65y m45
Electa M. 2/1836 64y 2/2
Roland g-son 12/1886 13y

Barnes, Fannie 2/1843 57y s

Braman, Charles 6/1841 58y m18
L___y wife 2/1859 41y 2/2
Charles H. 3/1883 17y s
Pratt, R.A. dau 7/1884 15 m1 1/1
Addie g-dau 6/1900 5/12

Town, Delmar 7/1855 44y s
Lois P. 6/1837 42y s

Adams, Elijah 8/1837 62y s

Hunt, William H. 8/1850 49y m26
Annetta 4/1857 43y 5/5
Charles 9/1886 13y

Clifford, Benjamin 1/1871 29y m6
Laura 12/1871 28y 2/2
Lucy 4/1896 4y

Launt, John W. 10/1857 42y m21
(Carr) fannie 7/1861 38y 8/8
Eve M. 4/1884 16y
Clarence 5/1887 13y
William 9/1889 10y
Harry 3/1892 8y
Beulah 3/1896 4y
Baby 4/1900 2/12
Carr, Emeline m-i-law 12/1825 74y w.2/1

Williams, Jennie 4/1874 26y m10 4/4
Elmer 6/1891 8y
Willis 4/1894 6y
Libbie 8/1896 3y
Bertha 5/1899 1y

Williams, James 6/1838 61y m39
Matilda 3/1845 55y 10/10
Charles 5/1888 12y
Dymond, Vilda dau. 12/1876 23y m6 2/2
Harvey g-son 10/1896 3y
Martin g-son 11/1898 1y

Alderman, Zopher 1/1850 50y m25
Clara 4/1842 58y 6/6
Ernest 6/1882 17y
Lillian M. 10/1885 14y d. 1970 m. George H. Geerholt
Casper 9/1890 9y d. 1960 m. Margaret and Flora
Denis 8/1893 6y

Green, Fisher A. 7/1844 55y m34
(Crape) Nettie 7/1845 54y 5/4
Walter 7/1875 24y s

Saxby, William S. 1/1868 33y m9 (1929)
(Snow), Eurilla 9/1870 29y 3/3 (d. 1951)
Austin I. 9/1892 7y
Ivadell dau 9/1893 6y
Edith M. 7/1897 2y

Brodway, William 10/1853 44y m11
Hattie 6/1871 28y 3/3
Willie N. 12/1890 9y
D___ 9/1896 3y
Bernard G. 7/1898 1y

C__t__, Ad__ 12/1860 39y m4
Ermilla L. wife 6/1878 30y 0/0

Stephenson, Emma 4/1869 36y w 3/1
L.H. son 5/1891 9y

Shepard, George W. 5/1862 38y m_
Anna E. 3/1868 32y 2/2
Stanley A. 3/1887 13y
Lloyd A. 6/1890 9y
John E. father 7/1831 68y m47
Maryette A. mother 4/1837 63y 4/4

Snow, Isaiah 1/1839 61y m30
Eudora 4/1846 54y 6/4
Jessie son 6/1876 23y m1
Elsie dau 1/1881 19y s

Sheppard, Albert 4/1845 55y s

Kenyon, Sabrina 6/1831 69y w 4/3
Bradway, Alice dau 4/1866 34y w 5/5
P. Elva g-dau 1/1886 14y
Bertha g-dau 2/1888 12y
Delmar g-son 5/1889 11y
Clarence g-son 12/1896 3y
Edward g-son 10-1899 7/12

Culver, Elias 7/1862 37y m4
(Snow) Martha 4/1874 26y 1/1
Marcus 2/1897 3y d. 1956 m. Alma E. Carr

Kenyon, Frank 6/1857 42y w
Ambrose father 6/1824 75y m43
Margerette mother 3/1837 63y 1/1
Bert E. son 3/1884 16y
Fred A. 6/1885 14y
Roy 5/1892 8y

Finley, James 3/1846 54y s
Mary mother 4/1822 78y w 11/4
Joshua bro 7/1849 50y s
Andrew bro 7/1855 44y s

Finch, Joseph 5/1834 66 m30
Jane J. 6/1835 64y 2/1

Gaylor, Daniel 12/1820 79y m51
Martha L. 2/1835 65y 9/6
Samuel 4/1871 29y m1
Flora M. d-i-law 10/1882 17y m1 0/0
Frito, Stephen bdr 11/1829 70y s

Williams, William 5/1829 71y m46
Phebe A. 12/1838 61y 0/0

Allen, Irving P. 5/1859 41y m16
Emily S. 6/1849 50y 3/3
Incy 5/1885 15y
Mary 8/1888 11y
Rachel 4/1875 5y

Bateman, William H. 8/1845 54y m34
Estella 5/1847 53y 3/2
Charles E. 4/1877 23y m1
William S. 8/1882 17y s
Clifford, Pearl B. g-dau 6/1892 8y

Evans, John 12/1842 57y m34
Mary L. 1/1843 57y 2/2
Elmer 9/1870 29y m7
Edward 6/1873 26y m2
Clara Bell 9/1855 44 m25 0/0

C__, James 9/1855 44 m25
Phebe 7/1856 43y 9/9
Walter A. 9/1884 15y
Nela L. 7/1886 13y
Albert C. 12/1885 11y
Willard L. 8/1891 8y
Adeline 11/1894 5y
Charles 6/1897 2y

Houghtling, Elmer 9/1877 22y m3
Carrie L. 9/1875 24y 0/0

Woodward, Lewis 10/1834 65y w
Lewis Jr. 4/1872 28y m5
Minnie E. d-i-law 12/1864 35y 1/1
Hazel g-dau 9/1898 1y

Wheeler, Lewis 4/1850 50y m10
Cleveland, Electa 11/1824 75y w 4/2 (m. Stephen V.R. Wheeler and Jacob Cleveland)

Worden, Abe L. 2/1866 34y m9
Marci H. 6/1860 39y 3/3
Bi___ E. dau 11/1891 8y
Ralph 10/1894 5y
Harry d. 5/1898 2y

LaBaron, Henry 4/1863 37y m14
Lucy M. 3/1863 37y 2/2
Hazel 9/1887 12y
Alvin 9/1889 10y

Cady, George 11/1852 47y m23
Almira 4/1851 49y 3/3
Mary C. 8/1878 21y
Harriet L. 8/1887 13y
Edna 12/1889 10y

Ames, Oscar 8/1835 61y m27
Mary E. 3/1849 51y 1/1
Charles F. 9/1883 16y

Hicks, Alberton 3/1845 55y s

Tayer, George 9/1859 40y m20
(Dusenbury) Fannie E. 5/1862 38y 3/3
Alice 6/1883 16y
Roy 3/1885 15y
Mabel 5/1888 12y
Dusenbury, Jane m-i-law 4/1830 70y w 2/2

Burs, Frank 7/1852 47y m26
Almeda 10/1852 47y 0/0
Trumball, Jennie servant 6/1853 45y
Hall, James servant 4/1886 14y

Manchester, Oscar 10/1852 47y m4
Nellie 12/1865 34y 2/2
Raymond 11/1897 2y
Wilber 3/1900 2/12
Rosalia sister 10/1843 56y s

Roberts, D. S. 2/1838 62y m39
Harriet 4/1840 60y
Willis 2/1881 19y

Dymond, Chauncey 4/1864 36y m16
Nancy 6/1866 33y 3/1
Edna L. 7/1888 11y
Tayer, John H. servant4/1883 17y

Handon, William 6/1864 35y m14
Anna 5/1867 33y 2/2
Eddie 6/1888 12y
Amanda 4/1890 10y

Green, William 7/1853 46y m18
Sarah A. 9/1856 43y 1/1
Lester, Ollie dau 4/1878 22 s

Mavarrioy???, Eli__ 8/1827 72y m34
Elle 11/1843 56y 4/4
Sarah A. 2/1879 21y s

Wait, John D. 4/1870 30y m9
Addie 4/1871 2/2
Viola 2/1892 8y
Jemima 4/1893 7y
Amelia mother 4/1842 58y w 1/1

Strick, Joseph 9/1870 29y m10
Mary 10/1871 4/4
Lilly 12/1892 7y
Walter 8/1894 5y
Farmia? 7/1896 3y
Marie 4/1900 1/12

Nye, Jeffery 10/1853 46y m17
Julia 3/1847 53y 0/0

Clifford, N___ female 12/1840 60y w 5/5
Mabel g-dau 10/1889 10y

Turner, Lester 1/1845 55y m37
Minerva 7/1846 53y 6/5

Turner, Elmer 11/1869 30y m18
Mary 7/1874 25y 4/4
Jerome 3/1892 8y
Katie 10/1893 6y
Eva 9/1896 3y
Lena 9/1898 2y

Face, Joseph 3/1837 63y w (d. 1917 m. Mary A. Gaylord)
Earlston J. 12/28/1883 16y (d. 4/7/1970)

Meacham, George 12/1822 77y w

Williams, James H. 6/1838 61y m26
Phebe A. 7/1849 50y 5/5
Livingston, Phebe O. g-dau 11/1889 12y

Larkin, William 1/1821 79y m59
Chloe M. 11/1823 76y 0/0
Alderman, Milford servant 4/1875 25y s

Cummins, Theodore 1/1843 57y m20
Elizabeth 3/1853 45y 6/5
Emma 11/1883 16y
Ermana dau 6/1886 13y
Anna 8/1890 9y
Leroy 7/1892 7y
Charles 8/1895 4y

Brainard, Frank C. 4/1854 46y m23
Nettie 8/1859 40y 2/2
Herbert 2/1881 19y
Gladys H. 8/1895 4y
Enos, Louisa A. mother 3/1833 67y w 3/2

Witbeck, Melvin 12/1859 40y m16
Lucy 3/1868 32y 1/1
Rachel 4/1899 1y

Geerholt, Edward 8/1869 32y m2
Martha 5/1880 20y 1/1
Frankie 2/1899 3/12

Dymond, Arlie 12/1859 40y m19
Carrie L. 8/1860 39y 0/0
Tift, Daniel bdr. 4/1833 67y s

Odell, William 7/1822 77y m25
Rachel 3/1833 67y 1/1
William F. 8/1872 27y s

Sykes, John S. 9/1827 72y w
Weatherly, Nancy adopted dau. 12/1862 37y s

Hoxie, Rachel 5/1854 66y w 2/2
Nettie I. 12/1866 33y s

Williams, Chester 5/1857 43y m20
Ida E. 3/1867 33 6/4
Franklin D. 10/1882 17y
Nelson H. 6/1884 15y
Edward N. 8/1888 11y
Carrie O. 6/1898 1y

Bogart, Henry 12/1843 56y m30
(Kittle) Elizabeth 4/1850 50y 4/4
Deace V. 11/1874 25y s
Angelina 6/1886 13y

Pomeroy, Harmon 12/1827 72y m49
Helen 1/1838 62y 3/3
Charles 8/1868 31y s

Greenman, Jeremiah 8/1832 67y m46 (d. 1909)
(Dean) Caroline 3/1838 7/0

Williams, Edward 4/1853 47y m24
Susan M. 3/1858 42y 4/4
Charles E. 6/1885 14y
Catharine H. 5/1883 17y
Ella M. 12/1888 11y
Ada E. 4/1878 22y
Dubois, Fred servant 10/1887 13y

Lobdell, Cornelius 10/1836 63y m41
Marie H. 3/1839 61y 4/2
Clara M. g-dau 3/1895 5y

Johnson, George 7/1847 52y m33
Abbie 2/1848 52y 7/4
Frank 7/1893 6y

Gile, Melvin 4/1870 30y m7
Carrie 3/1872 28y 1/1
Jennie 1/1855 5y

Fredenburg, M___ 12/1864 55y m26
Hattie 6/1854 45y 1/1

Carrier, Kerley J. 2/1844 56y m27
(Davis), Surdinnia M. 4/1844 56y 4/4
Mary N. 7/1874 25y s
Surdinnia A. 2/1883 17y
Harrington, George servant 4/1887 13y
Dymond, Nancy mother 9/1820 79y w 2/1

Barton, Theodore 4/1849 51y m29
Minerva 3/1851 49y 5/5

Casey, Elvin A. 4/1852 48y m15
(Wren) Katie E. 3/1862 38y 1/1 d/o Frank Wren of New Lebanon
Glen L. 3/1894 6y

Brainard, Isaiah 1/8149 51y m33
Eliza 1/1850 50y 0/0

Saxby, Rose A. 10/1844 55y w 0/0

Crandall, Clark 4/1847 53y m0
Phebe A. 11/1845 54y 0/0
Clarrolis?? 2/1887 13y

Wetherby, Nelson 5/1857 43y m24
Christina 4/1855 45y 12/9
Leroy 11/1880 19y
John 6/1883 17y
Lilly 5/1886 14y
Harry 4/1848 12y
Mary 3/1890 10y
Jacob 3/1892 8y

Deamer, Edward 6/1866 34y m7
Sarah 10/1877 22y 2/2
Elmer 6/1876 3y
Mahala 10/1898 1y

Wetherly, Lewis 5/1829 71y m30
Cristina 4/1851 49y 0/0

Culver, Grant 5/1866 34y m12
Lydia A. 6/1866 33y 2/2
Laura 8/1890 9y
Morton 9/1894 5y
James father 6/1830 69y w m. Aschah

Wagner, Fred 5/1863 37y m12
Sarah 9/1870 29y 1/1
Mabel 10/1892 8y

Bronson, Alonzo 4/1825 75y m52
Maria 5/1830 70y 3/1

Griffin, Elford 8/1851 48y m6
Susan 5/1869 31y 3/3
Lewis 1/1895 4y
Grace 9/1896 3y
Baby girl 2/1900 3/12
Miller, George bdr 2/1873 27y s

Deamer, Andrew 1/1856 44y m16 (d. 1943)
Lydia 4/1857 43y 0/0 (d. 1926)

Griffin, Lucina 3/1828 72y w 5/4
Flora d-i-law 3/1861 32y w 1/1
Augusta dtr 9/1864 35y s
Harry g-son 9/1882 17y

Hogeboom, James 1/1834 66y m40
Emogene 11/1839 60y 2/0

Geerholt, Conrad 8/1833 66y m50
Maggie 4/1835 65y 6/6

Lindsay, Hugh 1/1830 60y m38
Mary Jane 4/1845 55y 7/7
Andrew 11/1864 35y s
Mary 12/1869 30y s

Greb, William 10/1854 45y m12
Louisa 5/1873 27y 4/4
Albert 7/1877 22 s
Fred 9/1890 9y
Hattie L. 11/1897 5y
Phebe K. 7/1897 2y
Cronkite, George f-i-law 4/1826 74y w

Over, Henry 4/1827 73y w

Newton, Ezra S. 11/1844 51y m34
Mary H. 8/1847 52y 6/5
Alma 9/1875 24y s
Mary O. 9/1879 20y s
Edward W. 9/1889 10y
Brimmer, Arminta sister 5/1834 66y w 0/0

The Importance of the Census

The Soundex

Beginning genealogists often disregard valid information on an ancestor simply because of the way a name is spelled. Remember, we enjoy much more formal education than our ancestors typically did. They may not have been able to read or write English, or even to speak the language well. It’s easy to imagine how a New England town clerk could record Johnson when speaking to an older German man named Janzen, or how a census taker in the Deep South could mistakenly record Capley for the young southern belle named Kepley. National and regional dialects can also dramatically affect the way a name might be spelled phonetically. And some of our ancestors anglicized their names intentionally, while others simply preferred a new spelling. The spelling of the name doesn’t change who that person was—after all, how often has someone misspelled your name?

The secret to keeping it all straight is called Soundex. Developed to address the name-spelling problems of the 1880 census, Soundex has remained a valuable tool for family historians ever since. So in the Soundex system, Johnson, Janzen, Johanson and Jansen are the same name—they’re all J525. Sometimes a name is spelled different ways even in the same immediate family: One brother is John Smith while the other is William Smythe. Using Soundex, however, they become John and William S530.

A Soundex name always contains four characters, no more and no less. The first letter of the name becomes the first character of the Soundex code. The remaining three numbers are drawn from the name sequentially (see chart). Some letters in a name are ignored. When adjacent letters are from the same category, the second is ignored. An example is Schmidt: Since the number 2 represents both S and C, the C is ignored. The letters A, E, H, I, O, U, Y and W are also ignored except at the start of the name (so Adams is A352). An empty space is represented by a zero. Once the four-character limit has been reached, all remaining letters are ignored.

A nifty online soundex calculator can be found at Eastman’s.

Why They Took The Census

Have you ever wondered why a census is taken in the United States every ten years? One common thought might be, “for taxes.” Another might be, “for reapportioning the seats of the U.S. House of Representatives.” Both answers would be correct.

In Article I, Section 2, the Constitution of the United States says:

Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this Union according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct.

New York State Census Reports

New York State conducted its own censuses from 1825 to 1925 in the years that end in 5, but with some exceptions. None was done in 1885 or 1895, but there was one in 1892. Unfortunately, the 1892 census was skimpy. It missed many counties altogether, and some of the other counties may not be complete. 1825, 1835, and 1845 named only the head of household in each family and gave very little information about that person. The later censuses provide us with much more information on each person. The questions asked from year to year changed to reflect what the state wanted to know about the people living within its borders. – Cliff Lamere

Please let me know if you have access to any of the New York State census reports and would be willing to transcribe any or all of them, so we can include them on this site.

  • NY State Census 1825
  • NY State Census 1835
  • NY State Census 1845
  • NY State Census 1855
  • NY State Census 1865
  • NY State Census 1875
  • NY State Census 1892
  • NY State Census 1905
  • NY State Census 1915
  • NY State Census 1925

Where To Get Forms

Before you search through the census reports that are on this site, you might want to get forms to write your information on. Gary Minder has written some wonderful tools for Federal, International and State Censuses, and other data such as cemeteries. He used to offer them for free, but there is now a $15.00 charge for 40 worksheets on CD.